Learn about the critical thinking to write the critical thinking paper

This type of thinking is based on cognitive skills and strategies. It allows you to come to much better results. Such results will be based on logic and purposefulness. The critical thinking is not an innate ability, which means it can be developed by every person. This is not only possible but also necessary for every person, because the ability to think critically allows to identify and resist manipulation attempts. It also accustoms to the clarity of thought and corrects the interpretation of information.

Critical thinking is often perceived by us as something usual. When answering the question about the critical thinking, at best we recall scrappy characteristics and requirements to the process of constructing judgments. Often people see critical thinking in such actions as "question everything", "use logic," "recheck information," and etcetera. However, this is correct only in some way. Without a comprehensive understanding of what "critical thinking" is, a person cannot think critically. Just as a computer cannot use its resources fully if it does not understand its purpose and capabilities.

The ability to think critically is not an innate sign and not a gift from God, just like your own mental characteristics. This is a huge field for daily training and intellectual potential. Critical thinking helps a person to form his unique view of some processes and, guided by logic, to build a detailed system of reasoning to prove his own thoughts. Also, the ability to analyze information reduces the chances of intellectual surrender and the likelihood of becoming part of conveyor thinking. Critical thinking is a system of judgments based on:
  • The ability to identify cause-effect relationships,
  • The ability to verify information,
  • The ability to separate facts from opinions and assumptions, while blocking one-sided, dogmatic perception of the world.

Thus, a person forms the skills of distinguishing logical deductions from prejudices, social constructs, and myths that breed the masses. This type of thinking is an absolutely pragmatic thing that can prove its usefulness and effectiveness in everyday life when you, for example, watch TV, buy clothes at a discount and etcetera. Writing a critical thinking paper will push you to think about many questions.

How to start to think critically

Surely, this skill never comes from the hour of training. However, if you will divide it into parts, you will have the plan. Here are the things that you should do to starts thinking critically:
  • Put many questions and do not take unverified facts on faith. Any information should be criticized and analyzed
  • Do not look for arguments selectively (only those that confirm your opinion). Look for arguments that confirm or disprove the judgments, not your attitude to it
  • Expand your horizons. Indeed, in order to reject false judgments, a person must have a certain range of knowledge. The more he knows, the more difficult it is to mislead him
  • Read qualitative literature (not fiction), which models life and characters from different angles. Read analytical and scientific articles, philosophical works, watch genre-art house films, and visit cultural events. Even tourist travels can help you to gather as much information for your brain as possible to think critically
  • Learn the communication laws. These rules provide a process of adequate interpretation and understanding of the meaning that the communicant receives. For example, you will learn how to distinguish between units of logic, perform operations with them, and identify logical mistakes. You will also get acquainted with the types of judgments and their use, and also with the principles of correct argumentation and the structure of evidence
  • Try to analyze not only verbal information. Mimicry, gestures, human position in the room and other non-verbal characteristics are a huge layer of information that is being processed. Therefore, it would be suitable to obtain a basic knowledge of this
  • Work with your own bias and develop the ability to admit mistakes. And also learn to take someone else's, logically established point of view, even if it contradicts yours
  • Learn to localize the influence of emotions on the formation of your judgments and attitude to the certain phenomenon, processes, people. Always look for arguments (by the way, one is not enough) and objective evaluation criteria
  • Provide your critical attitude to public opinion, labels, stereotypes, dogmas, prejudices, beliefs, and etcetera. It is not a negative feature. All information (even if it is "well-known", traditional for society and you've heard it since childhood), which enters your brain, must be analyzed properly.

When you are writing your critical thinking paper, the healthy skepticism and doubt are also welcome. This provokes the desire to independently check the facts, which, as people assured, are checked by someone. A person who has mastered the art of critical thinking is more difficult to manipulate and mislead. He does not believe in incredible coincidences and miracles, but always looking for a basis or evidence and deduces cause-effect relationships.

It is important to “become Sherlock”

It is not about Mr. Holmes, but about one of the main requirements and the cornerstone on which critical thinking is based. People call this a deductive thinking - the conclusion of valid conclusions based on premises. Deducting thinking helps to check the judgments that we consider to be true. Two requirements, which every person striving to develop critical thinking, must present himself are:
  • Checking the consequence of the conclusion
  • The conclusions should not be changed under the influence of emotions and situations.
In order for our thinking to be reasoned, the following rules should be adhered to:
  • The facts must be consistent
  • The facts are sufficiently connected with the conclusion and confirm it
  • The reasoning takes into account the missing components of the argument (opposing opinions, counterarguments).

Doubt is good for the critical thinking paper

In order to learn how to prove and refute hypotheses, a person does not have to pore over textbooks with logical problems. Life provides enough chances because even everyday thinking has the same basis as the scientific method for testing hypotheses. Forming an idea of the world, we collect facts and conduct observations, which allows us to obtain actual knowledge.

But when it comes to such less obvious truths as, for example, the fact that hot water can be burned, many forget about the critical approach. Hence the blind faith in television news and gossip, the substitution of facts in the process of reasoning, and the search for examples for conclusions, and not conclusions based on examples. Everyone goes through that. Therefore, try to healthy doubt any incoming information, from whatever reliable source you have not received it.

Check the facts, if they are not yours

In fact, the above doubt is nothing more than the simplest requirement to check facts. In order to do this, you can use the algorithm proposed by D. Halpern:
  • Avoid selective arguments. You cannot get true knowledge, selecting only those facts that confirm your guesses. The causal relationship must be established completely.
  • What do you already know? Is this enough information to say with certainty that your hypothesis is correct? It is important, to be honest with yourself and operate not only with the available knowledge and facts that confirm them but also work with the opposite view and facts that confirm it
  • Use the whole arsenal of tools available. If necessary, conduct a formal verification of the facts by contacting the source directly, since the data you have may only be someone's interpretation. Accepting it as true is wrong.

Make decisions in a balanced manner

To do that, it is important to formulate the problem in different ways. This will allow you to look at the problem from different angles. Consider even risky and incredible scenarios. People have the property not to see the negative sides, so you need to try to take them into account in order to know what to do when things go wrong. Make a list of possible solutions and gradually select the one that will be most suitable, considering all the pros and cons.

The process of solving the problem must go through 3 stages: preparation and familiarization, decision-making, and evaluation of its effectiveness. Such a simple sequence will accustom your stick to structuring and allow you to think more effectively.

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