- They undertake difficult work
- Work on searching for primary sources
- Make their innovative proposals
When creating a scientific text, you need to follow a specific plan, use explanations. It is necessary to determine the characteristics of the text, which will bring it to the forefront of the same scientists or co-authors. The article should be cognitive, consist of an authentic idea, conclusions, and author’s remarks. The structure is clearly delineated, and the reference system is theoretically reinforced. Such work will be of interest to scientists from different fields, as well as useful for many readers.
Why do people write research papers?
A published article is the measure of your maturity and professionalism as a scientist. It shows that you can deliver and solve a non-trivial scientific problem. Since the scientific article is the publication of new results, it also reflects the ability to find new questions and/or non-standard solutions to existing ones.
It can be said that in science the rule “publish or perish” works. Obviously, the publication of articles in respected scientific journals is not just an effective means of creating a good image of a scientist, but an integral part of his work, playing an exceptional role in his career. But when writing and publishing the first article, young scientists have serious difficulties, often of a psychological nature: fear, uncertainty or, as they call it, “perfectionist paralysis”, generated by the lack of experience and lack of knowledge of the subtleties associated with the publication process.
How to write
- Some first of all write an annotation (short summary).
- Other start working on materials and methods.
- While the rest starts with conclusions, prepares illustrations and tables showing the results of work, and forms the very frame around which the narrative will be built.
The order at this stage is not important: all of them will have to be changed many times. Which sections and in which order are best to write, what should be included in each of them – the answers to these questions can be found in the course Writing in Sciences of Stanford University, as well as in the articles Clinical Chemistry Guide to Scientific Writing, and Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers. But there are several important points that should not be overlooked
Abstract is often written before other sections. Abstracts become a paragraph in the application for grants, they are required for registration at the conference, etc. This happens long before the appearance of the final version of the scientific paper and the paper itself, which will sum up all the results and generalize all the thoughts. This is normal: the statement of the problem becomes clear much earlier than its solution is formulated and all the evidence is rechecked.
In order for your work to be searchable and qualitatively indexed by search engines, your abstract should contain all relevant keywords (tags). Research papers are increasingly printed in online publications that do not have a paper version, and fresh works are usually searched by key terms, so the inclusion of relevant tags in the title of the article and the abstract is extremely important.
The more often your work is found, the more famous your ideas and findings will become, the more often it will be referred to, thus increasing your citation index. If you are not a scientist with a world-wide name, then in order to make your work simply noticeable, build a resume so that it is your article that was issued in response to the search queries of the reader you want to attract, and that it can be found under the list tags that you can subscribe to. It seems that it is difficult, but this skill quickly comes with practice.
Playful and flirting headlines should be used with caution: there is a possibility that the reviewer does not have enough sense of humor.
The rules for publications stipulate the writing of an annotation, which consists of no more than 10 sentences and keywords.
- Pay attention to the methodology of research work. It should be modern and deal with lighting only your problem.
- Let your archive contain a draft of the article. It can schematically describe the topic and future form of work, weighty arguments and theoretical background. This will allow you to make independent results.
- After completing the main part, prepare to work on the introductory word and conclusions.
Language and style
To overcome the problems with developing a style for writing research papers, it is useful to get acquainted with the work of other, more experienced authors who have overcome difficulties of this kind so long ago that they have the right to joke. You can get a dictionary of capacious words and expressions, which is especially useful when writing articles in a non-native language.
After you have already created the first version of the description of your work – a research paper – it is advisable to seek help from people who have fewer problems with the language: philologists, linguists, and journalists. They may not understand the essence of your research, but they have a valuable property: the ability to give clarity, consistency, and harmony to presentation. It is more difficult to do this on your own than it seems at first glance. Still, the right words in the right order is poetry, by the definition of the English romantic poet Coleridge.
It is important to state the idea in the paper clearly, and therefore it makes sense to use the experience of scientific journalists.
The way you will name the paper will affect its popularity. Releasing your creation, it is necessary to remember that its fate largely depends on the chosen title
- First, it must correspond to the topic.
- Secondly, it must contain important keywords, using which you can easily find your work.
Also, pay attention to a wide range of your potential readers and in the title mention a more general conclusion/theme of your work, without making too many abbreviations. The title should sound convincing and weighty, arouse interest and curiosity.
Reviewing: the rules of tone
A separate topic is reviewers, with whom scientists have to face regardless of their desire, and sometimes act in this role. Therefore, you need to know not only the right approach to these people, on which the fate of your publication depends, but also to have an antidote in case these tricks are used against you. So, sometimes reviewers advise to refer to their own work, thus revealing themselves.
You should always remember that your first reader is a journal editor and understand that your article is almost a letter addressed primarily to him, and only if he approves, then the reader will approve. The editor will select the reviewers for your paper. Some journals allow the author to suggest possible reviewers – this is done to facilitate the work of the editor. You can use this to offer those who kindly treat your article but you should not abuse it: do not suggest co-authors of your previous article.
Previously, reviews were given a lot more time: both the editors and reviewers for a long time looked for the inaccuracies, delved into the details when they found reasons to not publish the work. Now it became fashionable to compete in the speed of reviewing. In order to study the topic, the editors do not have enough time, so if your article is rejected because it was not completely understandable, literate and contained stylistic errors, only you will be to blame.
It cannot be ruled out that you will not be explained the true reasons for the refusal, they will answer as short as possible and will refer to the fact that the potential of your article and the prestige of their journal are simply not comparable. Undoubtedly, all of the above is a great omission of editors, but you will have to suffer from this, so you should be prepared for such turns and bumps on a difficult road to your goal.
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