We live in a world of high technologies and giant speeds. In today’s world, we do not have time to even think about the fact that we do not have time. In pursuit of an endless string of big and small goals, we forget about our dreams. But we have not forgotten how to dream, which means that nothing is lost for us. In my dream essay, Eleanor Roosevelt said that the future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.
Everyone has their own dreams, but not everyone is ready to give all the forces for their realization. The great politician and orator Martin Luther King fully realized his dreams, his goals and went all the way in the struggle for his convictions. He was well aware that violence could not produce anything other than more violence and pain, and therefore chose a peaceful non-violent way to combat the racial discrimination of the black people. According to Paul Soper, great thoughts come from the heart. Martin Luther King’s fiery speech also came from the heart. His dream later became the cornerstone of the civil rights movement in the United States.
Trying to prove the relevance of a dream is the same as trying to prove that birds can fly. Dreams like beacons, the pointing arrows that guide people through life and help them find themselves in the world and the world in themselves. But it is necessary to mention the relevance of oratory for making dreams a reality. The unspoken dream constantly eludes the mind and inspires only one person. A voiced dream raises discussions, stirs up disputes, finds supporters and opponents. But in order to make people believe in your dream and in order for the dream to be realized, one must actually be able to convince, infect with the power of dreams, and for this you need to wholeheartedly believe in it.
What are dreams?
- Who exactly dreams – the individual or a group, what the social position, abilities, resources, experience, ideas are.
- From what concepts and how the mental image of an object or event develops.
- What is the list of the best features (merits) in this image?
- What are the value, symbolic or other grounds for these merits?
Main types of dreams
According to my dream essay, there are dream-events (imaginary and desired phenomena, situations in the future) and dream-ideals (desired images of objects). They can be separated (the dream of traveling and the image of a dream city), connected (the dream of having your own home, creating your own university and the image of the house, the image of the university) or difficult to discern (the victory of democracy in the country and the image of the country being democratic).
- Dream-excuses and dreams-self-justification
- Dream-promises (for example, pre-election promises of politicians)
- Dreams-legitimators (future prosperity justifies today’s actions of power)
- Dream-regulators (the image of posthumous salvation, images of an ideal community, ideal democracy, and an ideal dialogue discipline people in their actual actions and interactions)
Dreams that are not objectified are not factors of significant transformation, rather, they form part of the continuing order (regimes) and often serve as their conservation. They are of interest to political and religious sociology.
For social philosophy and philosophy of history, the dreams that are achieved are more interesting, those that people really want to achieve. Are these dreams achievable by the given subject, in this generation, in this era are specific questions of conditions, abilities, potential, and resources.
There are not objectified dream-orientations when the image of the future determines the vectors of strategies. There are dreams that were not objectified for several generations, but then achieved (wire and wireless communications, air transport, flights to space, means for treating serious diseases, proof of great mathematical theorems).
Ontology of dreams: its nature and role in human trials
- The material world (biotechnosphere)
- The world of individual and group consciousness and the unconscious (psycho sphere)
- The world of samples transmitted in generations (culture sphere)
Popper did not see the fourth world, but Hegel, Marx, and Durkheim already clearly identified the specifics of this world. This is the world of social interactions, relationships, and structures.
The dream as an image, of course, belongs to the psycho sphere. In a dream, the ideas about the desired future are combined with the main values, symbols, ideals, moral, aesthetic, political, legal, and other principles. A dream that is firmly entrenched in a group or individual psyche is capable of forming attitudes as the most important dynamic structures that govern human consciousness and behavior.
- These are cognitive settings (frames) – people around are beginning to evaluate everything around them in relation to their dreams.
- These are values – former beliefs and principles can be transformed, distorted, amplified or extinguished under the influence of a strong dream.
- Such are the existential attitudes – identities, that is, the answers to the question “who am I?” – a strong dream can change the idea of oneself.
- Finally, behavioral attitudes (stereotypes of everyday practices and structures of adopted strategies) can also change either in the direction of the dream’s embodiment, or whatever it is, the dream becomes a convenient justification (rationalization) of one’s own actions or inaction.
Since a dream is always a desirable image of an event or an object with better features, then it explicitly or implicitly contains the value, symbolic criteria of the best, which are samples transmitted in generations. The images of an object or event are always made up of concepts, representations, models, and frames known in a particular culture. Therefore, every dream with its cognitive and value parts is rooted in the cultural sphere. In addition, a pronounced dream (about the freedom of the people, about racial, class or gender equality, about democracy, about space flights, about curing cancer) can itself become a cultural model that is transmitted from generation to generation.
In the social sphere, the dream plays a role as a symbol of group solidarity and mobilization. The political (to freedom and democracy), social (to class equality, communism), and religious (to the salvation of the soul) dream can also legitimize power, regime, social order, and the system of norms, while the issues of real progress toward a dream often remain a figure of silence.
In the biotechnosphere, you encounter real incarnations of what was once only a dream (electric lighting of cities, underground, planes and helicopters, high-speed trains, electric cars, flights to space and to the moon). The extremely unfavorable state of the surrounding material environment (pollution of water, atmosphere, soil, desertification, deforestation, etc.) often serves as a stimulus for the appearance of a dream through denial. At the same time, the long stay of people in an unfavorable material and social environment (famine, litter, devastation, violence) leads not only to dreams (to get out of here or to change something), but also to despair and cynicism – the disappearance of the abilities to dream and strive for the best.
- Natural creation both in nature and in society (climate change, social and political conflicts, migration).
- Artificial design when people have full control over resources and are able to implement their projects, reliably overcoming obstacles (building a house, assembling a car or an airplane).
- A hybrid test when people have a goal, but there is no complete control over resources and processes, a goal can be achieved, or failure may occur.
The larger, more unusual and difficult the goal, the more it is not design, but testing. Having saved up money, it is not so difficult to buy or build your house. However, dreams such as to establish such a university that will flourish after my death or become president of a country that citizens will respect and honor future historians or become a great philosopher whose works will be republished and studied over for centuries are always a test since there is never complete control over resources and processes.
As you can see from my dream essay, dreams are directly related to trials, but not all dreams, only those that are related to real actions for their implementation, when it is possible to determine whether the dream was achieved. Empty dreams, for the realization of which nothing is done, do not lead to any tests.
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