Organization of newsrooms and requirements for journalists
In recent years, many American editions have combined the newspaper's editorial staff with online editors. In most cases, this is due to the development of the Internet version. In 2007, the "New York Times", having moved to a new building, joined editorial staff dealing with print and online versions. The newspaper's leaders believe that separate work made sense at the early stages of the development of the Internet. Change took place gradually. First, journalists from the Internet department participated in all planning meetings, and network editors were invited to all important editorial meetings. In the same direction, the movement began and "US-YOY Tudey" (USA Today). Like the "New York Times", it plans a phased development.
Print and online versions of the "Wal Street Journal" (Wall Street Journal) were also merged into a single edition of the consumer media, along with the weekly magazine "Barron" (Barron's), radio and television editing.
Over time, the printed and online edition of the "Washington Post" (Washington Post) worked separately and even on different banks of the Potomac River. Both units were considered as different and complementary organisms, each of which requires full attention. But in 2009, online and printed versions were still merged.
The newsrooms of almost all American newspapers have their own TV studios today. & quot; Naples Dayly News & quot; has created a TV studio with producing capabilities to make video for small screens: video iPods, mobile devices and even Sony game consoles.
Many US publications (the Washington Post, the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Chicago Tribune, etc.) have created Continuous News Desks. In the & quot; Chicago Tribune & quot; such a department consists of a group of reporters and editors who track all the latest developments of events. The latest news appears on the site 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
In the & quot; New York Times & quot; The Research and Development Department was established to develop new technical functions for the newspaper's website and other company sites.
Many employees of American media companies of companies no longer represent themselves in the role of journalists preparing materials for just one media platform. Observer & quot; Orlando Sentinel & quot; Mike Griffin (Mike Griffin) says: "First of all, I'm a journalist. And it would be irresponsible of me, if I could not tell about the news only because I do not know how to work in the format of this or that media. Everyone who considers himself a journalist must learn to do his work in a variety of media. " All journalists of the newspaper were retrained, whose goal was to teach them to prepare materials for various media platforms.
Journalists of some American newspapers can independently prepare for the publication site a whole multimedia package - i.e. tell about the event and, possibly, its consequences with the use of text, video, photographic materials, graphics. So, for example, journalist & quot; Washington Post. com & quot; (WashingtonPost.com) Travis Fox (Travis Fox), talking about the reconstruction of the victim after the hurricane Katrina & quot; villages & quot; Veligami & quot; on the south coast of Sri Lanka, used video materials to tell about the fate of five affected residents. After he left Sri Lanka, a new one about their lives continued to tell in his blog. In addition, he made a map, studded with panoramic images.
In the & quot; Dallas Monning News & quot; (Dallas Morning News), most photojournalists work simultaneously as videographers.
In large multimedia companies, photojournalists have long been preparing video materials.
Thus, for the development of American newspaper editions in the context of the convergence process, it is common practice of combining three media platforms on the basis of a print edition - a newspaper, a TV channel and a website; high level of development of the Internet platform; use of different channels of distribution of content.
The development of media convergence in the United States was influenced by such external factors as: legislation against the concentration of the media in 1975 and the softening of laws in the 2000s; a long practice of cooperation between the editorial offices of newspapers and TV channels; high number of Internet users; the special popularity of Kindle readers among American audiences.
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