Sociology of journalism as a scientific and educational discipline
As a result of studying this chapter, the student must:
- the main scientific concepts that reveal the social meaning of the functioning of the media, journalism, the place and role of the press in the life of society;
- the role and importance of sociology of journalism in the theory of journalism
be able to
- analyze from a sociological perspective the phenomena of journalistic practice;
- the skills of working with sources of sociological knowledge for professional purposes.
Sociology of Journalism in the System of Theory of Journalism
In the perception of a student of journalistic specialization, the names of educational disciplines are divided into several families - according to the principle of proximity to practical work. In any case, the names of the disciplines are being pushed towards this division. Say, & quot; Media Technique & Technology & quot; - this seems to be useful in the editorial office; Basics of journalistic activity & quot; - perhaps, rather a professional workshop than a tribute to university academicism; & quot; Sociology of Journalism & quot; - one of the many items "for general development". There are also complex combinations of estimates, for example: "boring, but useful", "not necessary, but interesting" and the like.
Of course, the final opinion about a particular discipline is determined by the content of the course and the skill of the teacher - sometimes this opinion completely overturns the initial setting. But time and energy are spent on overcoming the wrong stereotype. In addition, the methods of training are still not so perfect that in the graduate's qualification, even the most abstract (in the opinion of the profane) theory was melted into immediate "productive force." Observations of higher education show that it has become less focused on the development of the thinking abilities of students. This applies not only to journalism. Here is what the head of the public opinion service is Levada Center. L.D. Gudkov speaks about the formation of sociologists: "I think that there is no cognitive attitude, cognitive interest among students-sociologists today. & lt; ... & gt; No doubt, they are professionally literate to a much greater extent than the older generation ... Many of them have sophisticated technologies for processing the information received, but they do not touch anything in substantive matters. & lt; ... & gt; One of the most important tasks of sociological education is to form students' sociological thinking, a certain type of understanding, a vision of reality, to open up space to the sociological imagination. "
Maybe, it is said too categorically. But, first, there is a direct parallel with journalism education, and secondly, therefore, there is a reason for concern about the interaction of the university and journalism. If graduates do not add much to yesterday's intellectual image of the press, then it means triumphantness, an infinite "repetition of the passed" - at least in the changing angles and scenery. "Subject" Professional ethics of a journalist "is perhaps the only thing that was absolutely useful to me in my work," - wrote a graduate of the Ural University in the questionnaire devoted to the results of studying a huge complex of disciplines. It's hard to say what is mainly behind this recognition - whether the girl's inability to be a student at the time of her becoming a student in the university space, or a teacher's miscalculation. It is important that in this particular case the union of science and practice proved to be very fragile.
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