Correction techniques and exercises, Methods of developing attention, Who is faster ?, Observation, Proofreading, Fingers, Concentration - Handbook of practical psychologist

II. Correction techniques and exercises

1. Attention Development Techniques

The most common reason for the pupil's lag in the school is his knowledge of cognitive activity, weakness of cognitive processes, lack of motivation, etc. Below are proposed procedures for corrective work on developing attention.

Who is faster?

1. Students are encouraged to delete as quickly and as accurately as possible in the column of any text any letter that is frequently encountered, for example, "about" or & quot; e & quot ;. The success of the test is estimated by the time it was performed and the number of errors committed, i.e. missed letters. The smaller the value of these indicators, the higher the success. It is recommended to encourage success and stimulate interest.

2. To train the switching and distribution of attention, the task should be changed: it is suggested to cross out one letter with a vertical line, and another horizontal or alternate the crossing of one letter with the strikeout of the other. Over time, the task can be complicated. For example, one letter to cross out, another to emphasize, and the third to draw a circle. The purpose of such training is the development of the usual actions, brought to automatism, subordinated to a definite, clearly realized goal. Time assignments vary depending on age (younger schoolchildren - up to 15 minutes, adolescents - up to 30 minutes).

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Observation

In this game, connections of attention and visual memory are revealed. Children are offered from memory to describe in detail the schoolyard, the way from home to school - what they have seen hundreds of times. Junior students make such descriptions orally, and their classmates supplement missing details. Adolescents can complete the assignment in writing, and then compare the results with each other and with the actual reality.

Correction

The presenter writes on the sheet of paper several sentences with the omission and permutation of the letters in some words. The student is allowed to read this text only once, immediately correcting errors with a colored pencil. Then he passes the sheet to the second student, who corrects the errors left with a pencil of another color. It is possible to hold competitions in pairs.

Fingers

Participants are conveniently located in armchairs or on chairs, forming a circle. It is necessary to twist the fingers of the hands laid on the knees, leaving the thumbs free. At the & quot; Started! & Quot; slowly rotate the thumbs one around the other at a constant speed and in the same direction, making sure that the fingers do not touch each other. Focus on this movement. At the command & quot; Stop! & Quot; stop the exercise. Duration 5-15 minutes.

Some participants experience unusual sensations: increase or alienation of fingers, an apparent change in the direction of their movement. Someone will feel a lot of irritation or anxiety. These difficulties are associated with the unusual nature of the object of concentration.

Concentration

Concentration can be made on external material objects, on the organs of the body or thoughts. You can set the alarm and set the time of concentration - from one minute to half an hour in each of the following concentration exercises. You should set the time, take the appropriate pose, relax the muscles and choose the object of concentration. If thoughts start switching from one object to another, you can not abruptly deal with this, overstrain yourself, pull yourself together, shake your head, driving away extraneous thoughts. As thoughts go to the side, we must gently return them to the goal of concentration. It is important that, during the time allowed, the idea should go to the side no more than three times.

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