The process of becoming self-conscious
The most important psychological process in adolescence is the emergence of self-awareness and a sustainable image of "I".
To the greatest extent it is during this age period that the following factors contribute to this.
1. Further development of intelligence. The development of abstract-logical thinking leads to the emergence of an irresistible desire for abstraction and theorizing. Boys and girls are ready to talk for hours and argue on abstract topics, which, in essence, do not know anything. They like it very much, because the abstract possibility does not know any restrictions, except logical ones.
2. In the early youth, opening up the inner world. Young men and women begin to sink into themselves and enjoy their experiences, look at the world differently,
Discover new feelings, the beauty of nature, the sounds of music, the sensations of your body. Youth is sensitive to internal, psychological problems. Therefore, at this age, the young man is already beginning to worry about the psychological content of the story, and not just the external, eventual moment.
3. With age, the image of the perceptible person changes. It is viewed from the perspective of an outlook, mental abilities, emotions, strong-willed qualities, attitude to work and other people. There is a growing ability to explain and analyze human behavior, the desire to accurately and convincingly expound the material.
4. The discovery of inner peace leads to the emergence of anxiety and dramatic experiences. Along with the awareness of their uniqueness, originality, dissimilarity on others, there is a sense of loneliness or a fear of loneliness. Youth & quot; I & quot; still vague, vague, unstable, so there may be a feeling of inner emptiness and anxiety, from which, like from a sense of loneliness, it is necessary to get rid of. Young people fill this vacuum through communication, which at this age becomes selective. But, despite the need for communication, the need for seclusion also worsens in adolescence. It is vital for a quiet, full-fledged analysis of your impressions and experiences.
5. Young age is characterized by exaggeration of its uniqueness. From young people you can hear such, for example, sayings: "In my opinion, it's harder for me not ..." With age it passes. The older the person, the more developed he is, the more differences he finds between himself and his peers. This leads to the emergence of a need for psychological intimacy that allows one to reveal himself and be admitted into the inner world of another person, which leads to an awareness of his own dissimilarity to others, an understanding of his inner world and unity with surrounding people.
6. There is a sense of sustainability over time. The development of temporary prospects is associated with intellectual development and a change in the life perspective.
If the most important for a child of all time dimensions is & quot; now & quot; (he does not feel the flow of time, and all important experiences happen in the present, the future and the past are vague for him), then the teenager's perception of time covers not only the present, but the past, and the future seems to be a continuation of the present. And in adolescence, the time perspective expands both in depth, embracing the distant past and future, as well as in breadth, including personal and social perspectives. For boys and girls, the main dimension of time is the future.
Thanks to such temporary changes, there is a reorientation of consciousness from external control to internal self-control, and there is a growing need to achieve goals. There is an awareness of fluidity, the irreversibility of time and the finiteness of its existence. Some people think about the inevitability of death, fear and horror, while others - the desire for activity, everyday activities. Some adults believe that the younger the youth thinks about the sad things, the better. But this is erroneous: it is the awareness of the inevitability of death that makes a person seriously think about the meaning of life.
Becoming a person includes the formation of a sustainable image of "I", ie. holistic image of yourself. There is an awareness of their qualities and a set of self-evaluations. Young men and girls begin to reflect on the themes: "Who can I become, what are my opportunities and prospects, what have I done and what else can I do in life?"
As for boys and girls, appearance is of great importance: growth, skin condition; painful appearance of acne, acne. An important problem is weight and figure. Sometimes young people, especially girls, begin to resort to various diets, which at this age are categorically contraindicated, since they can cause great damage to the developing organism. Boys tend to build up their muscles (they are intensively engaged in sports), and the girls, trying to have an elegant figure, try to "fit" her under the adjective of advertising and the media standard of beauty (the necessary size of the chest, waist, hips, etc.).
Since the properties of a person as an individual are formed and realized before the personal, the ratio of "corporal" and the moral and psychological components & quot; I & quot; in adolescence are not the same. Young people compare the structure of their body and appearance with the developmental features of their comrades, find faults in themselves and begin to "complex" about his "inferiority". As a rule, the standard of beauty at this age is overstated and unrealistic, therefore such experiences are mostly baseless.
Growing up, a person becomes more self-confident, a concern with appearance disappears. At the forefront are qualities such as mental abilities, willful and moral qualities, relationships with others.
In adolescence, changes in a holistic perception of the image of "I". This is reflected in the following points.
1. With age, the cognitive complexity and differentiation of the elements of the image of the "I" change. In other words, adults distinguish and realize in themselves more business and personal qualities than boys; young men - more than teenagers; adolescents - more than children.
2. The integrative trend is growing, on which the internal consistency, the integrity of the image "I" is dependent. This is expressed in the fact that adolescents and young men are able to give themselves characteristics, i.e. describe their qualities better than children. But since the level of their claims is not yet fully defined and the transition from an external evaluation to a self-assessment is still difficult, internal contentious contradictions of self-consciousness are noted (for example, a young man can say of himself: "I am in my view a genius + insignificance") that will serve source of further development.
3. Image Resilience & quot; I & quot; with time changes. Adults describe themselves more consistently than boys, teenagers, children. Self-description of adults is less dependent on situational, random circumstances. We must also take into account the fact that the personality traits, from which the image of "I" develop, have a different degree of stability. They can change, disappear, other traits can develop (for example, the person was shy, but became active, sociable, etc.).
4. There are changes in the concretization, degree of significance and clarity of the image "I". The older a person becomes, the clearer he becomes aware of his individuality, his uniqueness, his difference from others, the more clearly he can explain the features of his behavior. With the change in the content of the image, I & quot; the degree of significance of certain of its features changes, on which the individual concentrated attention, for example, in adolescence, external manifestations come to the forefront, while for young men and adults, internal qualities become priorities. There is an awareness of their experiences, which can be accompanied by increased attention to themselves, their concern for themselves and the impression that the young man makes on others. The consequence of these experiences is the shyness inherent in many young men and women.
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