Blogging from the scene
This method is technically not so simple to implement - there is hardly a modern Julius Caesar, who can simultaneously see, hear, type, send, answer questions, etc. Therefore, he practiced a little and most often blog entries and comments appear after certain events. I also need to say about traditionally more detailed texts in blogs compared with "tweets", limited in the number of characters.
Using microblogging platforms (most popular in this regard is Twitter ). Especially valuable mobile reporters are owners of smartphones connected to the mobile Internet, as they have the opportunity not only to quickly record in their microblog, but also to send photos from the scene of events and even video. For example, I had to see the report on the arrival of a famous politician on the evening of the meeting of the graduates of a rural school transmitted to one of the TV channels in this manner. Although it is technically feasible for modern telephones and smartphones (not to mention laptops and tablets), you can also take photos or shoot videos, upload them to specialized hosting sites and post a link to the content on the forum or on the site - and do not use the built-in automatic services, such as microblogging. In other words, the possibility of microblogging is also found in most blogs, the question is in the technical equipment and the literacy of the user.
Entries in social networks
To date, most social networks, such as & quot; Odnoklassniki & quot ;, & quot; Vkontakte & quot; etc., have convenient mobile versions or special programs for smartphones. There is also the ability to record directly by sending SMS messages. And here the main danger lies in the potential for the presence of a "fake author", for whatever reasons creating a fictitious or falsified text. Regarding the differences between social networks from blogs - now it is minimal, there are mobile versions, for example, for the blog system "LiveJournal". In general, all blogs are recently published on phone users, and the redesign of all blogs for mobile versions is a matter of time, perhaps even in the next few years. The advantage of social networks is more in their own hosting for storing video and photos, while standard blogs almost always work only with links. In general, all such platforms with time, as evidenced by the latest practice, become very similar in functionality. Or different systems are spliced and integrated, for example as Youtube - video hosting and Google , originally a search engine and a mail service. Now the user can do all the basic activities on the web to create an online publication (type text, attach photos, videos) using just one or two accounts and one technical device.
Realization of direct video from the site of events via smartphones
This method was repeatedly used by various TV channels to broadcast protest rallies from Bolotnaya Square in Moscow and the facts of illegal detention of some citizens. The main problem in this case is too large financial expenses for an average citizen, since such a service is too expensive in our country and abroad.
From the point of view of the directions of effective activity of civil journalism, in our opinion, three directions can be distinguished.
The first characterizes the direct use of information of this kind by traditional media. Based on the monitoring conducted by us in 2013 together with students and postgraduates of UrFU, we found out that in the content of federal and regional mass media such information occupies a relatively small part of the content (1-3%). And the most important factor in this case is the typology of the mass media. In regional and local media this percentage is expected to be 3-5%. Since the sample was in most cases random, we only present these data as hypothetical.
The second direction is reaction to reports and information of civil journalists (reporters) and bloggers by representatives of state bodies, officials, public figures. The name of Alexey Navalny, who initiated the creation and active promotion of the site "RosPil & quot; (rospil.info), has become a household name and symbolizes the fight against corruption in the process of public procurement. But somehow in the shadow there are activists-volunteers who track these numerous state purchases through the site zakupki.gov.ru, sending information about suspicious contests to experts who make the whole process really open not only for the prosecutor's office, but also for ordinary visitors of the Network, those. forming a public opinion through mass media.
The third direction - real changes in reality, occurred after the publication of civilian journalists. If we move away from politics, in particular from the approval even at the highest level, that after the rallies on Bolotnaya, the active participation in the preparation and coverage of which was taken by civil journalists, "we woke up in another country", we can give many examples of such activities in other countries spheres. Once a famous children's poet Agniya Barto, who in the 1960-1970's. led on the radio station & quot; Mayak & quot; weekly (!) program "I'm looking for a person", said that she dreams about the day when the need for her program is no longer needed. Alas, the site of Dmitry Vtorov and Gayane Stepanyan "Search for missing children". (poiskdetei.ru) and the commonwealth of volunteers and civil journalists conducting real investigations are constantly included in the active work. Just like the online fund & quot; Help.org & quot; Anton Nosik and Sarah Nezhelska (pomogi.org), which deals not only with collecting and distributing donations for social and medical needs, but also monitoring, let's say, the fairness of this kind of activity in our territorially vast country. And similar areas, where professionalism, perseverance, creativity of "non-professional journalists" is valued " - not count.
Thus, speaking about the mobile possibilities of citizen journalism, it can be noted that the main factors of its effectiveness are the indifference and involvement of the communicator in events relevant to many people, its respectful attitude to the real and potential audience, and also, undoubtedly, the technical specificity of communication and the readiness of the mobile reporter for this process. Therefore, in conditions created by civil journalism, in certain cases its information products can compete with the content broadcast by traditional media. Although, of course, one should not exaggerate these opportunities, especially from the point of view of the depth and comprehensiveness of analysis, the use of expressive means and the language mastery of the subjects of information activity.
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