Personality and "I", Individual as a special unit value, Idea of ​​the individual - Philosophy

Personality & & quot; I & quot;

Individual as a singular unit value

Man, as a kindred being, is concretized in real individuals. The concept of individual indicates, firstly, that is an individual as a representative of the higher biological species Homo sapiens and, secondly, na a single, separate & quot; atom & quot; social community. This concept describes a person in the aspect of his separation and separateness: each individual has the right to his own speciality - this is his natural given, developed by socialization. The individual as a singular unit integrity is characterized by a number of properties: the integrity of the morphological and psychophysiological organization, stability in interaction with the environment, activity. The concept of the individual is only the first condition for denoting the subject area of ​​human research, containing the possibilities of further concretization with an indication of its qualitative specificity in terms of personality and individuality.

The idea of ​​personality

At present, there are two basic concepts of personality: personality as a functional (role) characteristic of a person and personality as an essential characteristic of a person. The first concept is based on the notion of a person's social function, more precisely, the notion of a social role. Despite the importance of this aspect of personal understanding (it is of great importance in modern applied sociology), it does not allow us to reveal the inner, deep human world, fixing only its behavior, which does not always and necessarily express the real essence of man. A deeper interpretation of the concept of personality reveals it no longer in the functional, but in the essential plane. Here the personality appears as a clot of regulatory and spiritual potencies, the center of self-consciousness, the source of will and the core of character, the subject of free actions and "supreme authority" in the inner life of man. Thus, personality is the individual focus and expression of social relations and functions of people, the subject of cognition and transformation of the world, rights and duties, ethical, aesthetic and all other social norms. Personal qualities of a person in this case are a derivative from his way of life and self-conscious mind, therefore a person is always a spiritually developed person.

In the concept of the human body, its biological principle is emphasized, in the concept of man - its biosocial beginning. In the concept of personality, the integrative socio-psychological characteristics of a person: world outlook, self-esteem, character, self-esteem, value orientations, lifestyle principles, moral and aesthetic ideals, socio-political positions and beliefs, style thinking, emotional environment, willpower, etc. As the highest level of hierarchical consideration of man, the concept of personality is, however, more concretely and more meaningful than the concept of man in general. Sometimes the concepts & quot; man & quot; and & quot; identity & quot; sharply divorced and even opposed. This can not be accepted: any person is one or the other person.

A person is a self-aware and outlooked person who has reached an understanding of his social functions, his place in the world, comprehending himself as a subject of historical creativity, as a link of a chain of generations, including related ones, one vector directed to the past and the other to the future. Personality is the individual focus and expression of social relations and functions of people, the subject of cognition and transformation of the world, rights and duties, ethical, aesthetic and all other social norms, including legal ones. Personality qualities of man are derived from two moments: from his self-conscious mind and from his social way of life. The field of the manifestation of personal qualities is served by his social life. To illustrate the dependence of personal development of a person on the development of his self-awareness and the surrounding society, mentally glance into the depths of centuries. When does the person appear in the philosophical sense of the word? Along with the appearance of man as a biological species? No. Our distant ancestor, who was in the conditions of a primitive horde and the initial stages of the formation of consciousness, was not yet a person, but he was already a man. Personality is a socially developed person. Not only historically, but also genetically a person becomes a person as the creation of a social and intellectual culture and in process of his individual involvement in it. A child, especially at a very early age, is, of course, a person, but not a person. It only & quot; picks up & quot; a person, he still has to become it. If a person's social connections are broken or pathological processes in the body occur (mental disorders, etc.), the personality disintegrates completely or partially, depending on the strength of such unfavorable and tragic circumstances.

So, personality is the resultant function of a person's social and biological beginnings. Without any of these ingredients, a person will not take place; moreover, even with partial infringement of either the biological or the social principle in man, this deformation will immediately affect the personality. Although the body itself does not constitute the essence of personality, but without it there is no personality. The essence of the personality is rooted in its body as the material vehicle of the personal principle. To think differently is to return to the historically passed stages of the formation of the personality category, when the human consciousness, which was considered the only bearer of the personal principle, was isolated and absolutized. Personality comes forward with her specific body organization, figure, gait, with a special expression on her face, manner of speaking, etc. It would be absurd to think that a serious illness nesting in a person does not at all affect the person. A person suffering from a serious illness is, to some extent, a sick person, and no matter how elusive the personality changes in the sick person are, they are always present. The social environment surrounding it, which not only forms the personality, but, most importantly, is the field of its manifestation, is also a necessary support for the integrity of the personality. Deprived of the possibility of its external manifestation, the personality, just like in the case of a bodily illness, is deformed and, as it were, falls ill with a kind of social disease, for example alienation. At the same time, personality does not reduce to its bodily, anthropological, features, nor to its diverse social functions. The personality is a self-contained integrity, its bodily and social manifestations are attributes of the personality, but not its ingredients. On the other hand, both biological and social play a dominant role in the genesis of the personality.

So, by personality, we mean an integrating and cementing principle that unites both the biological, the social, and the psychological in the individual. Personality, as it were, crowns, closes, makes all the morse of social and biological forces raging in man. Personality is the end result of the action of these forces. Personally, in a person, what is stable. The necessary conditions for the emergence of personality are bodily appearance, self-awareness and social life, and most importantly the manifestation of a person who has become a person is a worldview.

What is the personality of individual people, whom we know as representatives of various fields of activity: writer, seller, doctor, digger, clerk? What is that inner spiritual temple, which is closed to people, but open to God? This question, which S. Bulgakov asks, can be answered in this way. The inner spiritual element of the personality is primarily its worldview, understood in the broadest sense of the word: than there lives a man, that he considers to be the most sacred and expensive, as he lives, as serves his shrine. To know a person as a person is to learn the basic twists of his mental state, the "spider's web" his thoughts, feelings, desires and hopes, his value orientations, his faith and beliefs.

The personality is formed in the process of activity, communication. In other words, the formation of personality is, in essence, the process of socialization of the individual. This process occurs by the internal formation of its unique unique appearance and requires the productive activity of the individual, expressed in the constant correction of his actions, behavior, actions. This, in turn, calls for the development of the ability of self-esteem associated with the development of self-awareness. In this process, the peculiar mechanism of reflection is worked out. Self-consciousness and self-esteem in aggregate form the main core of the personality around which a unique "patter" is formed around the richness and diversity of the subtlest shades. personality, inherent only to her specificity.

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