Place of legal informatics in the system of legal knowledge - Information technologies in legal activity

The place of legal informatics in the system of legal knowledge

The peculiarity of legal informatics is that it presents and harmoniously linked the two principles - legal and information technology. Therefore, this discipline can not be attributed separately to legal, informational or technical branches of knowledge. Knowledge in the field of legal informatics belongs to the interdisciplinary branch of knowledge.

How does legal informatics relate to other legal sciences?

The use of knowledge in the field of general theory of law - of fundamental legal science revealing the essence and laws of legal reality in general, all legal phenomena and processes is of key importance for legal informatics.

The central problem of legal informatics is the problem of the nature of legal information. In general theory of law, it is associated with theoretical concepts rules of law. As you know, the rule of law is the main structural element of the legal system and the mechanism of legal regulation; The link connecting these scientific disciplines. General theory of law examines legal information as a means of legal regulation, i.e. established rules of conduct, and legal computer science examines the norms of character in terms of text forms of legal information, the nature of the legal norm as an image of a fragment of legal reality and a rule of behavior model, the main element of the legal text. In other words, these branches of knowledge harmoniously complement each other from different positions.

There is a close relationship between legal informatics and such legal disciplines as criminal and civil process, criminology and criminology, legal statistics and legal psychology. In the named branch of the legal science, legal information also occupies one of the leading places in the study of problems of the theory of evidence, information processes in the procedural activities of law enforcement agencies, criminalistics techniques, tactics and methodology, legal problems of reflection theory, etc.

The interest of lawyers is caused by analytical information technologies and their application in jurisprudence. Legal analysts take an ever-increasing place in the activities of law enforcement agencies. Methodological problems associated with the acquisition, processing and analysis of information arise in all legal sciences without exception.

Legal informatics and legal cybernetics. It should be noted that discussions among lawyers regarding the place of information problems of law are conducted relatively long ago, from about the time when cybernetics ceased to be considered in our country pseudoscience. Printed works on this issue appeared already in the late 1950s.

The first of the jurists to actively participate in scientific discussions, along with mathematicians and physicists, was the theory of law professor DA Karimov. In one of his last fundamental works (96) he refers to participation in a scientific discussion with Norbert Wiener, the father of cybernetics. A significant dispute took place at one of many scientific conferences on cybernetics, held in 1961 in the USSR. An active participant in the discussions among lawyers on the problems of legal cybernetics and computer science was always Academician V. N. Kudryavtsev. Being a criminalist by his specialization, he, nevertheless, headed the law sector of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (now the Russian Academy of Sciences), he was the organizer of many scientific conferences on the problems of legal informatics and cybernetics. As a result of such discussions, scientific collections were published under the general title "Problems of Legal Cybernetics" and "Issues of cybernetics and law"; (99).

The outstanding scientist in the field of legal informatics and cybernetics was an outstanding criminologist, a professor at Moscow State University. Lomonosov N.S. Field, which edited several fundamental scientific works and textbooks on legal informatics. The scientific positions of N.S. Polevoy on the problems of the nature of information were most appropriately correlated with the conceptual foundations of the essence of information that existed at that time in fundamental science, they served as the basis for the philosophical conception of understanding nature and essence of information described in this manual. The active position in the formation of legal informatics and the development of information bases of legal science has always been and continues to be occupied by scientists A. B. Agapov, V. B. Vengerov, OA Gavrilov, IL Bachilo, SS Moskvin, Μ. M. Rassolov, AR Shlyakhov, AA Eisman, LG Edzhubov and others

A prominent place in legal informatics was occupied by VA Kopylov, who, though not a lawyer by profession, but being a doctor of technical sciences, professor, published many scientific and educational works devoted to the information bases of jurisprudence.

Evolution of knowledge in the field of legal information, legal informatics and legal cybernetics is most thoroughly and fully described in the textbooks "Legal Informatics and Cybernetics" edited by N. S. Polevoy (1993) and the "Course of Legal Informatics". edited by OA Gavrilov (2000), as well as in textbooks and textbooks on information law, for example, in the textbook by IL Bachilo & quot; Information Law & quot; (2013).

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