Structure, composition and content of ISO 14000 standards, SEM certification - Commodity management

Structure, composition and content of ISO 14000 standards

The structure of the ISO 14000 series of standards (defined by the activities of ISO/TC 207 subcommittees) is shown in Fig. 8.3.

Analyzing the structure of the complex, we can distinguish three groups of standards:

1) foundational (blocks 1-3);

2) standards related to the product (blocks 4-5, 7);

3) standards for assessing environmental efficiency (block 6).

Above, the basic standards were considered, and they establish the principles of environmental management and tools for environmental monitoring and evaluation.

Standards relating to products in the part of marking are considered in commodity science.

Structure of the ISO 14000 series of standards

Fig. 8.3. The structure of the ISO 14000 series of standards

The idea of ​​standards for environmental efficiency can be obtained from the scheme given in Appendix 6. In Table. 8.1 the standards relating to the ISO 14000 series are classified, depending on their place in the PDCA cycle.

Table 8.1

Classification of ISO 14000 standards, taking into account [52]

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Plan

Do it

Control

Act

Implementation of the environmental management system

Life Cycle Assessment and Environmental Performance Management

Managing Audits and Assessing Environmental Performance

Dissemination and use of environmental declarations and statements

ISO

14050: 2009 Environmental management - the dictionary

ISO 14040: 2006 Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Structure

ISO 14015: 2001 Environmental management - Environmental assessment of sites and organizations

ISO 14020: 2000 Environmental labeling and declaration - General principles

ISO

14001: 2004 Environmental management systems - Specification and guidance for use

ISO 14044: 2006 Environmental management - Life Cycle Assessment - Requirements and guidance

ISO 14031: 1999 Environmental management - Environmental performance assessment - Guidelines

ISO 14021: 1999 Environmental labeling and declaration - Self-declared environmental claims (type II environmental labeling)

ISO

14004: 2004 Environmental Management Systems - A General Guide to Principles, Systems and Methods

ISO/TR 14047: 2003 Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Examples of the application of ISO 14042

ISO 19011: 2002 Guidelines for the audit of quality management systems/environmental management systems

ISO 14024: 1999 Environmental labeling and declaration - Environmental labeling type I - Principles and procedures

SEM certification

The principles of the EMS audit are the same as those of the QMS, are set out in GOST R ISO 19011 (see Chapter 6).

Since the ideology of the ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards is the same and certification for compliance with these and other standards can occur at the same enterprise, then, according to experts, it is advisable to do the certification procedure unified, i.e. check by one commission compliance with the requirements of both series of standards.

The EMS certification for compliance with ISO 14001 was carried out in 159 countries. In terms of the number of issued certificates, the first place is occupied by China, the 2nd by Japan (with a large margin), the third by Spain.

The leadership of China and Japan is associated with the particular urgency of the problem of ecology for these countries. Ultra-high rates of economic growth combined with high population density have led to an ecological catastrophe. The economy of manufacturing companies at environmental costs has been repeatedly covered by the damage caused to the biosphere and the costs associated with its coverage. In this regard, the states of these countries were able to motivate the industry to adopt high environmental standards and to confirm compliance with the EMS standard.

In Japan, the fact of an environmental disaster was realized back in the 1970s.

The state paid huge sums to the peasants for the loss of crops due to the ingress of cadmium into the soil; replacement of the soil cover. The cost of reimbursement of health damage to people due to air pollution increased from 1974 to 1981 by more than 18 times. The state took control of small and medium-sized enterprises - the main culprits of pollution of the biosphere.

In light of the foregoing, it is understandable to say the specialists from the British Standards Institute about ISO 14000: "With them you will count savings, without them - the costs."

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