Typology of interaction, Development - Philosophy course of lectures

The type of interaction

It is based on the comparison of power and information interactions in the system of the universe: - in the abiotic structure, two main levels of force interaction, characterized by a measure and giving

understanding of the infinite variety of processes: gravitational and electromagnetic, which can be strong and weak;

- in biotics, energy and information interaction is investigated at various levels: molecular, cellular, organismic, population, species, biocenosis;

- in the social life of interaction are realized not only within the social groups, organizations, institutions of society, but also within humanity as a whole. Society is a product and process of interaction of people with nature and with each other through activity.

Beyond the concepts of communications and interactions , it is impossible to understand the essence of development.

There is nothing final in the world, once and for all completed: everything is in a state of constant change.


And this or that type of connection and interaction forms a certain vector of this path, that is direction. The principle of motion of matter as a way of its existence in conjunction with the principle of universal communication gives us a general idea of ​​development.

Development is an objective process in the system of the universe, suggesting a regular, definitely directed qualitative change of material and ideal objects.

Development is not just movement, it involves changing the measure of an object. If the change of day and night is a movement caused by the rotation of the Earth around the Sun, then the replacement of one socio-economic formation by another (from the primitive communal level to the modern state of society) is a development conditioned by quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the changes in the parameters of civilization.

The essence of development:

a) irreversibility, that is, in the process of development, unlike the cyclical functioning of any system, it is impossible to return to the already passed states (childhood - youth - maturity - old age)

b) certainty, that is, directed change, that is, in the process of development, single-qualitative changes gradually accumulate, determined by the type of interaction of the given object with the surrounding world and its internal contradictions. The set of single-quality changes determines the line of directional change of the object (for example, the invention of gunpowder - the creation of explosives - the creation of a solid-fuel rocket);

c) regularity, that is, at the basis of development are not random events, but the necessary processes inherent in the universe: the objective existence of abiotic matter caused the emergence of biotic and subsequently social matter;

d) focus on the emergence of a new quality, which was not in the previous.

Development and progress.

For all intimacy, they are not identical. Development leads to the emergence of a new quality, but not necessarily, that it would be more complicated or more perfect than the previous one. If the new quality in some respect exceeds the old one, then this is progress, if worse, regression (in particular, in OAO GAZ, production lines for the production of obsolete models of the Volga car and modifications of the cars "Gazelle" - regressive and progressive technology).

Regress, like progress, is irreversible, that is, at any stage of regression a new quality (quality with a minus sign) appears that is irreducible to the previous state.

As one of the trends in the development of the living, regression is not necessarily associated with degeneration or extinction: there may be an adaptation to a new environment, or perhaps extinction - entering the "Red Book".

There are two opposite directions of development: on the ascending and descending lines.

Development on the ascending line is development in the direction from simple to complex; top-down development is the path of decomposition, "grinding", depletion and decay.

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