Choosing expository essay topics is a very difficult process because depending on the chosen topic you’ll have to build your project using the knowledge you have.
How to choose a theme for a dissertation?
- What is the subject of the discussions of scientists?
- Which question does not lead to a single solution?
- What problem is not fully understood?
- What problem is considered in most studies?
- Is this subject interesting? In cases where the chosen problem is not of interest to the graduate student, it is best not to undertake its development.
- Is this problem investigated?
- What problem has the least number of studies?
Choosing a topic
The choice of expository essay topics for the research is very important, in many respects determining its value. The correct approach to determining the topic influences the effectiveness of the whole work of the thesis.
When choosing a topic, its relevance is taken into account, the novelty of posing a scientific problem, and the needs of practice. The relevance of the topic is determined in this case by two parameters – the need, firstly, in its study by science itself, and secondly, by practice. Here the practice is understood broadly, it involves the use of materials of the essay not only in a practical matter, but also in the educational process as special courses, additional sources for the disclosure of the topic.
In determining the research topic, the novelty of the formulation and solution of the problem is of great importance. Determining it, it is necessary to take into account earlier studies and conclusions made by the predecessors. The topic should be formulated so that its research is a new step in science.
At the same time, in the social sciences there cannot be an absolutely explored topic. The discovery of new sources of materials, a new angle of consideration of a seemingly already well-known topic or a well-known event, and much more give the study a new dimension.
This again shows how difficult it is to choose the right theme for an essay and how important it is for a successful outcome.
Why is it important to select the right topic?
A significant number of students, especially those who do not have a corresponding basic education, experience significant difficulties in choosing a topic, going through available literature. Here the role of the scientific leader and other specialists in this field is especially great. It is worth listening to as many opinions as possible. In this case, one cannot ignore the fact that each adviser has his own judgment and vision of the problem. It is not ruled out that among them there may be not quite conscientious advisers. The final decision is made by the author, and, if necessary, he will need to defend it when the topic is approved.
Each of us knows the price of the right or wrong choice of the topic. Here, the role and responsibility of the scientific leader is essential. There are many components when choosing expository essay topics, but you attach exceptional importance to its understanding, the graduate student’s awareness, if you will, his narcissism in the scientific problem.
When choosing a topic, it is necessary to consider the availability of a document base. Especially this applies to those branches of science, for which sources bear a fundamental burden. For example, historical works.
It happens that the topic seems to be looming, its content is well represented by the researcher, but the sources are clearly not enough to conduct a fundamental study of the scientific problem.
The topic of the essay can be basically new to the student. But it’s better, much better, if he knows it and understands it at least basically. Even three years at school are sometimes not enough to master a new, unknown topic.
Best of all, when the student brings with him a topic that he has chosen himself and knows it very well. Already this fact itself shows that he knows why he is going to science, and what he will do in it.
Particularly responsible, the supervisor should approach the choice of the topic when the postgraduate changes it in the course of the work. Time factor is of no small importance here.
4 tasks to solve before writing an essay
Starting to study the scientific topic, it is necessary to solve four problems that are of cardinal importance for all work on the project.
- Determine the extent of study of a problem, study its historiography, evaluate the findings of predecessors, determine which of them remain firm and which need rethinking, isolate issues that are bypassed by researchers, and on this basis prove the novelty of the upcoming study.
- Justify the scientific necessity and importance, relevance of the topic, formulate the main objective of the research objectives, and to facilitate their implementation, identify the object of research, establish the chronological framework of the study the phenomenon under study.
- Determine the methodology of the conducted research, evaluate the range of available sources, outline theoretical questions on which new interpretations and conclusions will be offered in the thesis.
- Justify the practical significance of the research conducted, find out to whom and to what extent it is oriented, in which spheres its results can be applied.
All this preparatory work will help define the topic.
When choosing a topic, it is necessary to correlate the breadth of the studied problems with the chronological framework of the period under study. With a large number of investigated problems, it is advisable to establish a narrower time frame, with fewer probable problems – a longer chronological period. A narrow topic is being worked on in more depth and detail, a broad topic should also be studied in detail, but there cannot be any detail here. The student determines which methods and principles of research are most suitable for disclosing a selected topic.
The choice of the topic is influenced by the target settings of the applicant. Some come from purely pragmatic considerations – to obtain an academic degree; for them the topic does not play a special role, the result is important, the project itself is not considered by them as a springboard for further scientific growth. Others consider the dissertation as the opportunity to realize ideas they have carried out, with which they are not going to leave after the defense.
But anyway, the topic should be chosen as quickly as possible.
When selecting expository essay topics, of no less importance is the wording of the topic.
- First, it must accurately reflect the essence of the topic, the purpose of the study.
- Secondly, it should be as brief as possible.
- Thirdly, of course, it should be written competently.
Sometimes great importance is given to the formulation to be vivid, catchy, but it’s not always possible.
Practice shows that the wording of the topic in the process of working on the research is often specified, changes until its defense. There are cases when the topic of the research changed radically. It can be transformed in the process of collecting material, processing it, studying the work of its predecessors, as a result of a change in the political conjuncture.
The topic can be changed by the issuing department, the dissertation council at the preliminary examination, and its acceptance to the defense. There is nothing wrong with that. The proposed changes can only go to the benefit if they are justified. But the author’s opinion remains decisive in this matter.
The professor should consider the position of the applicant. He may not agree with the proposals and defend the project with the wording of the topic that appeals to him. And council members, representatives of the department have the right and the opportunity to express their opinion on the defense of the thesis.
Is it possible to choose a topic without having an experience of scientific activity?
There is nothing impossible for a person with intelligence.
If you approach the choice of expository essay topics strategically, then of course you should start by choosing a scientific specialty. Someone makes this choice even before entering the university or in the process of training. Graduate study becomes a logical continuation of the research work conducted by the student during the period of training within the chosen specialty, and final qualification work is the basis of the abstract provided upon admission to postgraduate study.
However, as experience shows, students often do not quite imagine what topic of research to choose. In this case, the ideal option would be to combine the topic of scientific research with the field of basic work.
The search for an actual topic should begin with a conversation with your supervisor. Sometimes this way is the simplest and shortest. The scientific adviser (if desired) can, at the first meeting, talk about problems in your area of knowledge that you will be able to develop together to the topic of your project.
Unfortunately, not all scientific leaders are so generous in their participation, saving topic-problems for a special occasion. If so, do not despair.
It is important to understand that the success of the work depends on the correctly chosen and formulated topic. Therefore, it is necessary to choose a name that will demonstrate all the abilities, interests, and knowledge in this field. Of course, the more interesting the topic, the more there will be speeches and publications.
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