A persuasive essay is a piece of academic writing aimed atproving a certain point or an argument by means of universalreasoning and logic. Its main objective is to reach out a readerand influence his or her point of view on a particular subject.The evidence behind an author’s argumentation is typically basedon concrete facts and statistics, relative case studies, expertopinions, and hypothesis.
To outline a persuasive essay, make sure you check the followingboxes:
- First things first, decide which stance you will be proving.If there is a key issue, choose your side and think of a solutionyou could offer.
- Think of your readers. Is your audience more likely to agreeor disagree with you?
- Go big on researching. To prove a point, you need a solidevidence and backstory to why your opinion is especially relevantand sufficient. It is often not enough to just provide a readerwith your own opinion and support it with your own belief system.Rather support it with hard evidence, such as numbers, statisticresearch, and previous quantitative and/or qualitative findings.
- Structure the order in which your arguments will be presentedby considering the above-stated points like your target audience,topic, and essay objective.
Four ways to support the argument
You can support a persuasive argument in different ways dependingon what kind of the evidence is available. While researching thetopic, you are making careful notes of the evidence that can beuseful for your paper, so in the end, you see what evidence willwork best for your argument.
Please note that sometimes it is impossible to find appropriateinformation for the claim support because of various reasons. Inthis situation, you should inform the readers about it. They alsohave to know that some available data is imperfect. Experiencedresearchers admit that they rely on incomplete information whichin the course of the time can become false when more reliabledata appears.
The argument is commonly supported by:
- Facts. It is a powerful way to convince the audience asfactual data, which may come from research, observation orwriter’s experience, is irrefutable and can be found by everyone.It is important not to replace factual data with truths as atruth stands for people’s beliefs and ideas which are impossibleto prove.
- Statistics. Many researchers consider statistics as anexcellent poof, however, you should be careful with the sources.Check if this or that statistical evidence comes from a crediblesource. Moreover, when referring to the statistics in your paper,all sources must be cited.
- Examples. To strengthen the argument, a writer uses exampleswhich function well as a proof and often make an essay more vividand interesting. As a persuasive argument requires beingspecific, it is advisable to support it by an example whichfurther can be fortified by statistics.
- Quotes. Make reference only to the expert opinion in thefield you are researching as only it can be a credible supportfor your argument.
How to hone the argument
Once you have developed an outline and possibly have even writtenyour first draft, proceed by polishing your arguments. Followthese steps:
- Make sure you are well-informed about the topic of youressay. It is never a bad idea to write notes and research othersources than just the Internet.
- Test the main argument of your essay. It is expected thatyour argument has two (alternatively more) sides open for adebate. To ensure your thesis is debatable, try to articulate anopposing to your stance on the issue that your topic revolvesaround.
- Aim at proving the opposing stance wring. Search forinconsistencies or misconceptions and point them out, whilesimultaneously supporting your side of the argument.
How to check if the evidence is solid
Strong evidence is measured by these criteria:
- Relevancy. Speak on the problem that matters.
- Authenticity. To ensure that the information you provide isaccurate, take the same data from different sources.
- Adequacy. Focus on the most significant points of yourargument and try to be as specific as possible in supportingthem. Less important ideas are also worth considering if yourargument requires them.
- Representativeness. It means you cannot talk about the issueas a whole if your data covers only its part. Refer to theavailable information but mention the problem to the readers.
- Details. The more specific you are, the stronger the argumentis.
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