- Making the first draft
- Making the second draft
- Checking the introduction, the main text, and the conclusion. Making the final draft.
Writing a first draft – main secrets
Most students begin to write the essay with a presentation of the main content. Usually, ideas arise separately, independent from of each other, then gather in a single idea. Only when the final idea is ready, the introduction and the conclusion can be written. This kind of work seems the most effective, that is why many students use it. Editing the first draft should not be too energetic.
While editing a draft immediately after writing it, you risk missing out on most of the mistakes made. A break of at least a few days will allow you to evaluate the work as people see if from outside, more balanced. When writing the first draft of the essay, you should analyze the content of it. Ask yourself, have you answered the questions posed to you? Also, ask yourself, have all aspects been considered?
Only after that, you can go to the test of style and literacy. Otherwise, you will spend time and energy on correcting the material, which after all you may have to delete at all. Remember that the result of editing should not be the killing of the essay! The purpose of the editorial stage is to remove all the trash from work, to make the idea clear and understandable, leaving it alive.
Writing the second draft of the essay
Many students spend too much time on this stage. However, you can be smarter. After you have edited the first draft, make sure that its content is optimal. You should also pay attention to the essay components - paragraphs, sentences, and words. Each paragraph should contain only one basic idea. The easiest way is to start a paragraph with a key sentence expressing the essence of the statement, and then, with the help of further suggestions, proceed to explanations and illustrations.
It's good if the size of the paragraphs ranges from 30 to 200 words. Use short paragraphs to amplify not enough brightly sounding thoughts. You can use the long paragraphs to explain complex ideas or examples. Even with a good combination of paragraphs in the right order, the essay can be difficult to read due to general incoherence. To avoid this, use certain phrases and expressions.
When the second draft will be finished, it is time to check all the structural components. Check the introduction, the thesis, and the conclusion. Make sure, that all the parts are working for the main purpose. After all this, you can do the final draft. To learn how to write a good essay, you should also learn how to fight procrastination, eliminate distractions and manage your time.
Procrastination among students
Procrastination is the postponement for an indefinite period of something important. Usually, complex and unpleasant cases are an object of the procrastination. However, they must be performed. Procrastination is also can be called the individual's tendency to permanently postpone specific important and urgent tasks by replacing them with extraneous matters. Procrastination is very common among students.
The laboratory study of procrastination shows that the phenomenon arises from the counteraction of 2 brain regions: the limbic system and the frontal cortex. The first is responsible for momentary pleasures and refers to the unconscious sphere of our personality. The second is our planner, who cares about welfare in the long term.
The conflict between these two brain zones deprives the person of the opportunity to work in full force and to do his business exactly when it needs to be done. But not only the physiology of the brain is the cause of our inefficiency. There are a lot of other reasons for procrastination, except the biological.
How you can improve your writing process
- The assignment is boring
- Strong routine
- Difficulties in the assignment
- Unstructured or ambiguous task
- No personal motivation or meaning
- No satisfaction.
When you know the reason for your procrastination, you can try to change your attitude to it. If the task is boring, you can go to your favorite cafe on Saturday and do it with pleasure. If the task is extremely routine, it creates a feeling of futility. You can come to the same cafe, but apart from the assignment, you can do something interesting. Install a timer on your smartphone and work on assignment for exactly 30 minutes. Over 30 minutes you can work only if the procrastination has gone and you feel that you are able to continue.
If the task is too complicated, you should find out exactly what steps you need to take to make it. Go to the working place during your biological primetime, when you have more energy. If the task is unstructured or ambiguous, you should learn the background on related topics and on this basis draw up a detailed plan of the writing.
If the assignment has no personal meaning for you, you should still look for positive sides. For example, if you can receive a good grade, then you can think about how it will influence your career in college. To get some extra motivation, you can invent the award for every assignment done. Such motivation will give you more energy to learn how to write a good essay. The other option is to hire a professional writer to free some time for other tasks.
How to identify the problems with distractions?
- Everything should be here and now
- Monotony is intolerable
- Vain movements
- Sitting in one place is akin to penal servitude
- The desire to throw everything halfway
- Your browser and computer are cluttered
- Exhaustive waiting kills.
Distractions can be really an obstacle for the assignment writing. Moreover, they can be like an addition to the problems with procrastination. If you are impulsive and prefer to take decisions of any degree of importance instantly, then it is difficult for you to think about the problem for a long time. It is also hard to wait for more suitable conditions for the organization of a better solution. Therefore, you rarely make plans for the future, preferring to live by the present moment.
Distracted students cannot keep the same thought in mind for a long time. They always need a change in activity or subject of reflection. Concentrating on one large-scale task for them is an impossible task. Hands or mouth are always busy with something: you tug your sleeve, bite the handle, hold a cigarette in your mouth, eat snacks, spin a mobile phone and feel uncomfortable when your fingers or lips are not occupied. If you want to fight your distractions, this is mainly the internal process. You should go through it to learn how to write a good essay.
Anti-schedule method to fight procrastination
Often we begin to procrastinate because of general fatigue and emotional exhaustion. This method to fight procrastination is also called an anti-recession. Its essence is to indicate in the working schedule absolutely all of its affairs, except for work. This the time that student needs to sleep, the way to college and from it, the lunch break, meetings with friends, going to the movies and much more. Such an anti-timing gave a remarkable effect. It helps to clearly understand how much time student spend on work and on the other processes. In the end, this gives an excellent motivation to work quickly and efficiently.
Splitting up the method to manage the time
Here's another way to outsmart yourself and stop procrastinating. Make a timetable where all work time will be broken down into small intervals: from 30 to 60 minutes. At the end of each segment, reward yourself with five minutes of pleasant rest. The next piece of working time has passed - mark it with a tick and rest a little. This approach helps to see that you are confidently moving forward, that the work is on and that the tasks are being carried out.
Time frame method to manage the time
Always determine a clear time frame for each specific task. Set a task, break it into small steps and give a specific time for each of them. This way reminds you that time is running, the stages are being completed and soon everything will be over. You can also create a list of tasks. In principle, even procrastination can be productive. Create a list of meaningful high-impact tasks that you can do the next time you catch yourself in procrastination.
This will allow you to remain productive and activate the prefrontal cortex. For example, during the project, you often postpone reading long and tedious scientific articles. Therefore, for this case, you can compile a special list, which includes such cases as writing and sending important emails, putting things in order on folders on the computer, and writing an essay. It is also very useful to give yourself two tasks to choose from - one of those that you tend to postpone for a long time, and the second - a task with high returns.
Make a list of negative consequences
A simple listing of the negative consequences of an unfinished business is a way to activate the prefrontal cortex. This very simple technique will greatly increase your chances of winning the fight with procrastination. In the end, what is the most effective, is to just get down to business. Try setting the timer for only 15 minutes, then allow yourself to stop and do something else. If after 15 minutes of work you feel that you can continue - continue. Do not worry if you do not want to continue working.
Good things about procrastination
- It increases your energy
- It makes you more attentive
- Helps to make things faster.
Everyone knows that it is rather difficult to undertake a project, which you absolutely do not want to perform. That's why you put the task at the end of the list with tasks. However, as soon as you fear the consequences, you immediately get down to business. At the same time, it does not matter in what state you are in and whether you have the time to give due attention to this project. You feel a rush of energy and close the task as soon as possible.
Just like in the case of energy, you are extremely focused, if you know that there is a catastrophically short time before the deadline. You cannot be distracted by your favorite actions. You completely immerse yourself in the project. Fear not to do the task in time wakes you up and gives high clarity of mind, what happens after a good sleep or a cup of coffee.
If you need two hours to complete the task and it's two hours before the deadline, then there is no chance that you will be distracted. You take the task and do it. You just do not allow yourself such weaknesses, because you need to deal with the matter as quickly as possible in order to cross it off with a clear conscience two hours later. You do not even need the discipline to start and stay focused on the task; deadline and fear of consequences will do it for you.
- Procrastination leads to stress
- It worsens the quality of work
- It discourages control and comfort.
If you have a few hours before the deadline, and you have not yet undertaken the task, then you are under the hard pressure. In other words, you feel stress. If in some cases, stress can push you to focus. However, the increasing incidents of procrastination will slowly spoil your health. You will constantly feel nervous, depressed and out of order. It's not worth it.
Procrastination makes impossible to qualitatively make the task because of leaves too small amount of time for its performing. Even if you manage to jump above your head, you will sacrifice quality. Projects or assignments completed at the last minute often lack intelligence, clarity, and quality. As a result, the grade will be not so high as you wish.
The habit of postponing business "for later" makes deadline the main thing in your life. If initially, you have a choice of time, when you can get down to business, then deadline makes it more obvious. That is why, you are completely focused on the deadline, and not on the performance of a task. You cannot control the
Learn from your mistakes
The next time, knowing that you are procrastinating, try to think about the consequences. What can this lead to? How will this affect not your work, but also the career in college? Maybe this will give you additional motivation and push to action. Sometimes, surprisingly, procrastination is useful. When you are doing something more important, putting aside all sorts of little things, this is a good procrastination. Even if then you have to shovel a heap of irrelevant cases, devote yourself to one good, interesting, worthy business for 100%.
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