If you are reading this article, you are probably looking formore info on what a synthesis essay is. Everyone who is getting ahigher education has already submitted several essays ondifferent subjects. However, a word “synthesis” may bewilder evena well-versed student who has completed loads of writing tasks.Below we are going to unscramble the process of writing asynthesis paper so that you will be able to create this essaywith no sweat.
Let’s start off with the definition of a synthesis essay. Whenyou think about a synthesis essay, you can think of it as being akind of an argumentative essay. Actually, this essay has much incommon with an argumentative paper but the key point of it is thetask to analyze the sources provided by the instructor. In otherwords, you are offered a certain number of sources to interpretand discover the relationships between them. You do it tosubstantiate the argument.
You must understand that synthesis does not imply summarizing.Your goal is to make a strong point and support it with theevidence you have dug out from the sources.
A great skill is being able to draw the facts that directlysupport your argument because the information can be useful toback up different sides of the matter. Do not ignore the sourceor information that is contrary to your key points. You shouldconsider it closely to show your argument from a strongerperspective.
Don’t get upset if that sounds a bit theoretical to you – you’llsort it out with the examples of synthesizing process below.
Examples of how to make a synthesis
Before generating the information from the prompt sources youshould go through a research stage during which you look for,investigate and select the facts that go with the subject of youressay. We can call this the evaluation of the obtained info.You'd better choose the facts that have the greatest value andare innovative to your topic. Only after evaluating the sourcesyou may go further on.
For instance, your topic is associated with vegetarianism and theprompt gives you 7 different sources to analyze. Study them andselect three or four sources that agree with your thesis. If youridea is to show that vegan diet is healthy rather than disastrousfor the human body, the selected sources will help you to proveit.
Let’s assume that your choice falls under sources 3, 4, and 7. Wewill show you how they will contribute to the argument:
Source 3. You have selected a documentary source. Great choice!Your essay will benefit from it a lot as a scientific piecereflects the entire nature of the subject explaining how a humanbody consumes the vegetables and plants and why they are usefulfor healthy functioning. To be brief, a documentary provides youressay with the essential scientific-based information.
Source 4. You have decided to take some of the academic papersfrom the university archives or from the online college library.The information from these sources emphasizes the impact ofvitamins and minerals found in vegetables on mental activity of ahuman. It is a good idea to use this evidence in your paper, too.
Source 7. Your final decision is to support your viewpoint withthe article that debunks the existing myths about the negativeeffect of veganism on people of different age. Still, there aremany of anti-vegetarian ideas that distract others from takingthe side with vegetarians. The article will help you prove theopposite.
All of the examples above show that the sources were selectedcorrectly and the writer can rely on them in the essay. However,don’t get too positive when proving your agreement and providethe readers with an unbiased standpoint.
Manage your writing effectively
A formula of success for every academic writing process is astep-by-step plan. If you are properly organized, you will saveyour time and focus the efforts on the research, synthesis andpresentation of the achieved results.
Get started, proceed and finish writing using this plan:
- Select a topic
- Find credible and relevant sources on your topic
- Research and think of your point and arguments
- Determine the main idea and purpose of the essay
- Make sure that your arguments support the thesis
- Write the argument in the logical order
- Outline your ideas
- Design the first draft
- Rewrite (if needed)
Two types of synthesis papers
Synthesis essays are divided into two categories:
- Explanatory synthesis writing
In this essay, the writer’s main goal is to make the readersunderstand the topic.
To do this, you break the information into separate parts. Everysection contains a clear explanation of the issue with thedetailed presentation of facts, state of affairs, people orevents. The manner of interpretation should be sober andobjective.
- Argument synthesis writing
This type of essay has a thesis statement. The writer selectsrelevant data and organizes it in a logical way so that torepresent his viewpoint. To prove the argument, the writer usesvarious persuasive techniques. He refers to the statistics, usesquotes and citations to support the opinion. This type ofsynthesis essay is a common task in the business area. The APtest also includes this format to evaluate student’s analyticalskills.
Stunning and poor topics for synthesis essays
Once you understand the goals of a synthesis essay, you faceanother problem which is how to choose a suitable topic for thistype of paper. It is quite easy to come with the idea for yourtopic as synthesis essays tend to have broad rather than narrowtopics. Why? As your task is to analyze and synthesize severalsources, it is natural for the topic to be broad. If you are notassigned the topic by your instructor, feel free to compose it onyour own. However, some preliminary practice is required so thatyou will be able to distinguish between strong and weak topicsfor a synthesis essay.
Great synthesis topics are the ones that refer to generalknowledge, for example, Yoga Develops You Both Physically andMentally. Many of the readers would support this idea plus thereare plenty of sources that prove this fact.
Your topic may seem weak if it is not clear enough. Here are someexamples of the not-so-great synthesis topics:
- Write about cancer
- Argue on obesity
- Carbon emissions
- Alternative power stations
- Violence at schools
- Sport for disabled people
- Teenagers and drugs
- Fake mass media
Your topic will not be interesting if it evidently reveals onlyone good side of the argument. That means you have taken theinformation from one source and there is just nothing tosynthesize. Make sure that you choose two or more sources if yourtask is to create a synthesis paper.
A great deal of synthesis essay topics is centred on currentsocial issues. Pick these examples of great topics that talkabout the social woes:
- Should schools allow cell phones in class?
- Do disabled children feel more comfortable in public orboarding schools?
- Do sitcoms promote idly lifestyle?
- Should the world governments institute death penalty?
- Should there be more Geography lessons for junior students?
- How feminism ideas affect women’s minds?
- Should smoking be banned everywhere except for private areas?
How Complex is a Synthesis Essay Structure?
A person who is inquiring how to write a synthesis essay shouldalso figure out the key elements of its structure.
A typical essay structure – introduction, body and conclusion -is good for your synthesis paper. However, it has one moreelement that we call a claim and include it in the introductionand each body paragraph.
A claim is information from one source. As you have more than onesource – frequently two or three – there should be the samenumber of claims. An effective way to show your synthesis is totake information from one source – claim 1 and support it withthe evidence from another source – claim 2.
The introduction has the following sentence order:
- Thesis statement
- Claim 1
- Claim 2
In the opening paragraph, you talk on the topic in general,avoiding too much-cited material. You address the topic morespecifically and provide arguments in the body paragraphs.
A synthesis paper body is often comprised of one paragraph.However, one paragraph is not enough to cover the informationfrom several sources. So the body needs more than one paragraph.
Each paragraph follows a strict algorithm:
- Main argument
- Analysis of Evidence
- Main claim 1 (2)
A distinctive feature of synthesis essay writing is using quotes.According to academic requirements, the writer should use adirect quote. Therefore, you need not mention the title of theresource you are citing. This information can be found in thereference section.
The conclusion is the last part of your essay where you addressthe reading audience. Therefore, be careful to write it asskillfully as you can to make the reader know exactly what youwanted to prove about the topic. In a synthesis paper, you do notneed to repeat the information; you have to explain how theseideas contribute to the thesis. That is why you should have apoint based on the sources. If you have not come with it, yoursynthesis paper needs rewriting.
How to craft the essay most accurately
Writing a synthesis paper is not such a big challenge as it mayseem at the beginning. Once acquainted with the structure of theessay and the procedure of synthesizing the material, one shouldmaster the art of writing. So it is high time to figure out thefactors that will make your essay successful:
- Format. For a synthesis essay APA, MLA and Chicago style aremost common formats.
- Audience. Identify your audience at the stage of selectingthe topic.
- Tone. Use formal language and appropriate topic vocabulary.
- Credible sources. Also, it is desirable to pick vivid textsbecause strong emotions can connect the audience with thepresented material.
- Examples. If possible draw examples from the real life sothat not to sound too theoretically.
- Perfect grammar and style. Edit and proofread your textthoroughly paying special attention to proper citation.
- Claim. Try to develop and defend your claim. Note that aclaim is the key criteria evaluated by the instructor in asynthesis paper.
- A good thesis statement. Design it with a strong connectionto your point of view. Write your thesis during the preparationstage.
- Paraphrasing technique. Your essay should include onlyparaphrased information which must be cited according to theformat of the paper.
- Cohesive devices that are transition words, synonyms,parallel sentence constructions, verbal bridges, etc.
Your synthesis essay will be perfect if you act like this:
- Design convincing arguments
- Appeal to the researched facts, not the source
- Be organized while writing
- Identify your position when synthesizing the sources
- Use quotations
- Be creative
- Avoid plagiarism
- Have your own writing style
- Write about the topic that fits your interests
- Stay dedicated and inspired
Still, there are some students who find it impossible to startwriting without having a look at the matchless example of asynthesis essay. Online essay services including ours provideessay samples free of charge. All you need is to find thecategory and subject of the paper. On our website you may readmultiple articles on how to write a synthesis essay. Besidesthis, everyone is welcome to order any type of essay from ourcompetent writing team. We solve the most difficult tasks andwrite stunning papers that will surely impress both you and yourteacher.
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