Writing papers in the biological sciences

Writing papers in the biological sciences

All papers written on biological sciences must stick to a certainformat, and students need to follow it to present theirexperiments and findings in an organized way. When you master themain elements and everything they include, you’ll find writingpapers in the biological sciences a much easier academic task.Some instructors or teachers may have their unique criteria, socheck relevant course materials and formatting instructionsbefore getting started. A quality academic paper of this kindalways exemplifies the basic skills expected by all professors,including:

  • Your attention to details;
  • A correct organization;
  • A critical analysis;
  • Evidence-based decision making.

How to get started

Creating a concise and brief title page is the first step thatshould be taken when writing papers in the biological sciences.It provides readers with a better idea of your biologicalexperiment. If you have any specific results, you need to statethem, but don’t overthink a title of your paper. It’s highlyadvisable just to describe a specific experiment without making atitle too long. Include your name on this page to receive creditfor this writing piece. When writing a group lab report or othersimilar papers, include the names of all the students included inyour group. You also need to add the date, class title, and thename of your instructor below a title. Talk to teachers to findout if they have any specific title instructions and let themkeep track of your writing.

Writing an introductory paragraph

The introduction of your biology papers should provide readerswith a certain framework and show that you really understand thepurpose of writing it. State a particular problem in thisparagraph and explain to the audience the following details:

  • What you’re studying;
  • Why it’s important;
  • How you want to gain knowledge in this biology study.

There are certain results expected to be observed during abiological experiment or study. That’s why you need to presentyour hypothesis in the introduction. It’s not always conformed byresults, but it’s just a prediction made before performing agiven experiment. Consider that a strong hypothesis always endswith its anticipated outcomes.

Present any background data that readers need to understand themain purpose of your biological study. Include any theoretical orhistorical backgrounds relevant to your biology research andaccompany them with a review of primary and other importantmaterials. Next, you need to determine terminology and explain itin the introduction, especially if your paper uses ant specificjargon.

Make sure that you use appropriate words to explain to theaudience what you’re going to do. When writing papers in thebiological sciences, you’re quite likely to document, test, ordescribe something. It’s impossible to verify, prove, ordemonstrate that you’re right about something because you can’tdo it within the realm of science.

Write an abstract if your assignment prompts have thisrequirement. This section is quite a brief summary of yourbiological experiment or study, and it needs to cover thefollowing:

  • Your reasoning why a particular experiment is conducted;
  • What its main result is;
  • Different methods used during it;
  • Your overall conclusions.

List methods and materials

Writing papers in the biological sciences

In the next section, you need to list all the materials used foryour experiment or study. It’s necessary to incorporate allmaterial descriptions into a procedural explanation becausespecific items were used during it. Don’t forget to includespecific times, amounts, and measurements.

Write a detailed description of all procedures and make sure thatthe level of detailing is high enough to allow other people torepeat or duplicate the same biological experiment. However, youshould avoid including unnecessary information that will onlyoverwhelm the audience. Describe how all specimens were gatheredand indicate whether your experiment was done outside. If it’spossible to reproduce it without certain facts or details, youcan leave them out.

Write everything in this section in the past tense because itshould sound like the accounting of everything what you didinstead of being an instruction manual. Use the first personperspective when completing this task. You’re allowed to utilizeboth passive and active voices. Some teachers ask their studentsto use the third-person perspective when writing papers in thebiological sciences. In any case, the main goal is keeping yourwriting as easy-to-follow and straightforward as you can.

Explaining all results

Your results are all about the collection of the factual dataobtained during a specific biological experiment. First, you needto state them all in the text, and then use different visual aidsto show results. Keep in mind that graphs and tables aren’tself-explanatory and they should be explained and described tothe audience in your text.

Tables, graphs, and charts are quite helpful tools whenpresenting results in the format that is easily understood byreaders. Each one helps you organize important data clearly andlogically, but make sure that you label all of them. They alsoneed to be accompanied by a special short paragraph that explainsthe data contained.

Identify any parents and trends in your results to ensure thatthey are made clear to the audience. Avoid interpreting data inthis section because this step is always taken in a concludingparagraph of biology papers.

Drawing a concluding paragraph

Writing papers in the biological sciences

When writing the conclusion, include a summary of any importantinformation without copying the data section. Highlight majorpoints and make sure that they are relevant before elaboratingwith a personal interpretation of data.

Discuss all potential errors in your biology experiment andcomment on what may cause them. You should give a briefexplanation of how this experiment can be changed to correct allmistakes. It’s necessary to discuss errors only if they’reverified by specific data in your biology study. As an example,if rainy conditions are likely to have an impact on expectedoutcomes, reflect that in your paper, but don’t state that theycause possible errors if you have no evidence to prove that.

Present a brief and concise concluding paragraph as this is whereyou interpret the results of your biological experiment. You needto either reject or accept a hypothesis and explain yourreasoning. The key objective is to convince other people that youfully understand relevant data and consider it intelligently andcompletely.

Don’t make your conclusion too long when writing papers in thebiological sciences. All you need to do is to present the datarelevant to your study in a logical and well-organized manner.

Crediting references

Use the required bibliography format, like MLA or APA, to listall citations. Give credit when needed and ensure that allsources are cited correctly. Otherwise, you will face harshplagiarism consequences. There are some basic details that shouldbe included when referencing the sources used in your paper,including the year, title, page range, author, etc.

Be sure to paraphrase ideas taken from other sources whencompleting your biological assignment. Some instructors andtutors don’t like seeing quotations in such paper, so they preferstudents to paraphrase all sources and present interesting ideasin their own words. You can easily weave any information into thetext with just a lead in phrase and adding a specialparenthetical note. However, some students find paraphrasing aconfusing task because changing only a few words is not enough.

When formatting your biological papers, there are some basicrules that must be followed according to a specific style. If youfail to do that, you won’t be able to earn high marks aftersubmitting your assignment.

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