A thematic essay develops around a specific topic, so to write agood essay, you need to divide the writing process into severalparts: preview, writing, and checking.
A theme essay presumes the analysis of the theme and involves youworking with the thought, the concept, believe, or opinion thatthe author has. It is very helpful to study a theme when workingon different aspect of literature rather than studying it byitself. The theme is the main observation or message the writersuggests.
How to find a theme?
Sometimes you can discover the theme by simply reading throughthe work and looking for topics that appear again and again. Youwill see that some characters of the book talk about the samethings repeatedly and it will be one of the topics of the work.
If you’re having difficulties in finding the theme of the work,study the relations of the parts of the story and the relationsof the parts of the whole. Think about what kind of people thecharacters are, what they do, what motivates them, how the authorpresents the reality, what the author’s attitude towards thecharacters and the subject is, etc. You can also try and noticewhat paragraphs the author uses, whether they are conversational,very long, and involved, what kind of sentences there are in thestory – long or short, etc. All these details will help youdefine the theme of the work. Novels usually have several themeswhile a short story mostly has only one.
An allusion is a figure of speech which is usually used as a typeof shorthand for something else. Often allusions are used to makea point quickly. Look at your work you’re studying and see ifthere are any allusions. If there are some, think about whetherthey are historical, modern, or biblical.
If you do not know the cultural reference, it will be difficultfor you to recognize allusions. If you find allusions in yourwork, this may be a good point for you to start with. If thereare many allusions about a certain topic, that is a good signthat the topic is a theme in the work.
Literary themes are suggested through the elements of the text.That is why take notes as your read. It will help you determineand collect the clues of the book. Highlighting interestingpassages, moments when characters make difficult decisions,writing down questions, and examples of symbolism will make theinterpretation of the book deeper and will also provide you withthe material to base your essay on.
How to write a theme essay: Preview
First, understand the topic. Go through the title of the paper,where you need to formulate the topic.
- Usually, the theme is denoted by the first noun in the titleof the paper. For instance, the name is: “mood swings are one ofthe most common mental diseases.” It can be understood from thisproposal that, most likely, the theme is mood swings.
- However, the topic is not necessarily used in the title.Sometimes, you can get it from the first two proposals. Forinstance, you can start this way: “In psychology, illnesses thatimpact an ability of people to keep a certain mood are the mostdifficult to grasp.” Even if the topic is not obviously specifiedin the context, it is quite clear from this proposal what it is.
Determine your objectives, any items or things that need to beinserted in the essay. They can include information, samples, orthe analysis of the samples.
- quantity of samples is usually specified.
- In every sample, most likely, it is necessary to give exactdates, facts, places, and events.
- If the instructions do not indicate the objective of thepaper (for instance, prove something), record the questions
In every sample, most likely, it is necessary to give exactdates, facts, places, and events.
If the instructions do not indicate the objective of the paper(for instance, prove something), record the questions that youneed to answer. Structure a topic around these problems.
Search for samples that you can insert in the paper. They may beindicated in the instructions, or you’ll have to compile asequence of samples on your own. Look for criteria or sampleessays. A paper is a type of evaluation instrument, so you may berequired to write a paper on the subject that you have alreadystudied.
Compile possible samples. Select the most suitable andestablished facts. Make sure to check the minimum quantity ofsamples you’re allowed to use. In some theme papers, you may beoffered to pick a position of the issue and explain it.
Provide examples to every little theme, including the points inthe description. Creating an order chart may help you. Write downthe requirements and objectives, then define which of them arethe most important, and then think about how many details you canoffer for every item.
Write down the thesis, a proposal that contains the idea of theessay, your main thought. It is advisable to insert the thesis inthe entry paragraph.
The thesis has to reflect your point on the selected topic. Thethesis can be added with samples and facts. For instance, a paperon mood swings may consist of the thesis like “Clinicaldepression is a mental disease that impacts various processes,but has not been studied sufficiently.”
Write an entry. The first paragraph is an entry paragraph, whereyou have to introduce the reader to the topic of the paper.
- It needs to describe that in an essay you will offerarguments on some position, discuss a topic, etc.
- If you compose a paper about a certain person, a situation,or event, you need to indicate this in the entry paragraph.
Concentrate on the body part of your paper. Every paragraphshould talk about a certain little theme. Keep in mind theinstruction for the paper not to go over the required size.
- The quantity of paragraphs in the body can be different. Evenif the instructions do not specify the number of paragraphs, themain part should include at least three of them.
- Every paragraph’s first proposal should be connected with thepreceding one and include a thesis on the little theme. The restof the contents of the paragraph should include details anddescription.
- If it is required, you can describe samples and evidence fromthe lectures or textbook on this subject. You can rephrase anexample or quote it.
- Refer to the list of examples that you prepared in advance.You can use as examples facts on this topic.
In deduction, write a brief summary. The final section is arevised thesis and its brief evidence.
- Here, it is important to sum up the main ideas, evidence, andsamples.
- No new information should be provided.
How to write a theme essay: checking
Check the paper, by correcting spelling, punctuation, and otherinexactitudes.
- Grammatical and spelling mistakes can be fixed right away,but the rest of the inexactitudes need to be fixes later, at theverification stage.
- These include ambiguity of the context and speech errors.Ambiguity of the context and other inaccuracies associated withthe content appear when the content does not correspond to thetopic, problem, or thesis. Speech inaccuracies include thedisunity of paragraphs and sentences, the wrong sentencestructure, and inappropriate vocabulary. All these errors need tobe emphasized or highlighted in order to return to them later,when you rewrite the essay for a final copy.
Check the consistency of the content with the topic andrequirements. Ask yourself whether you are satisfied with thecontent, whether it is compatible with the topic.
- Go back to the errors and fix them.
- This will also help to quickly check whether the paragraphand the micro theme meet the requirements.
Check whether your thesis confirms the content. After you areconvinced that the essay meets all the requirements, check thecontents again.
- Read each paragraph of the main part. Each sentence mustprove the thesis.
- Verify the authenticity of the information and thetruthfulness of the facts cited in support of the thesis.
If necessary, rewrite the essay for a clean copy. Pre-correcterrors, remove inaccuracies.
The essay can be fixed, and you can rewrite it to a clean copy(depending on the requirements and the amount of errors).
Basically, one rewriting is enough, but otherwise, you canrewrite two, and even three times.
Finding the theme
A theme is the universal idea that is usually a reflection onhuman experiences offered by the text. Usually a theme can befound when evaluating the circumstances that surround repeatedobjects or symbols in the story. The main theme can also bedefined by stating the strengths and weaknesses of thecharacters, their values, actions, and thoughts. The theme is notsomething that is obviously stated. Thus, the notes you took arevery important for the identification and evaluation of thebook’s main theme. Common examples of themes in the book include:
- Crime doesn’t pay
- Aging is inevitable
- Death is a part of life
A theme essay is synthesizing your reflections on part of thestory and their relationship to a deeper meaning. The analysisdemonstrates how the theme is depicted in the text and why it isimportant both in the story and the real world. Analyzing, youcan examine why characters make certain decisions, how thesetting of the book influences the plot, what conflicts there arein the text, and how they are resolved. The main thing youranalysis should do is to give an answer to the question why anyof the points matter.
How to write a theme essay collecting quotations
In the body of your essay, you also need to include evidence toback up your analysis. Applying to direct quotes from the novel,you can connect the theme to the story using the specificexamples. The quotations prove the point you are making. Allquotations must be correctly cited and accompanied withexplanations of how they are an example of the main theme of thebook.
Writing theme statements
There are different ways to present your theme statement.Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the directions with yourteacher. However, there are some agreed-upon rules of composingtheme statements. They include:
- Don’t apply to clichés. Don’t use popular expressions. Theyare just phrases people use all the time and they have verylittle power or real insight.
- Don’t be too obvious. Do not write a theme like “War is bad.”Research a little deeper using details from the novel. Offerspecifics on what is so bad about the war and how it impacts thecharacters in the story.
- Don’t give advice. A sentence like “You should always bethere for your family” is more a suggestion then a real theme.Make a theme statement objective and base it only on the evidencefrom the story.
- Don’t insert plot points or specific characters. Don’t writeanything like the perspective of the story should be used only bypeople and situations outside of the story.
Difference between a theme essay and research paper
In order to know how to write a theme essay professionally youneed to know the difference of the theme essay and a researchpaper. In a theme essay, you need to write on a theme that comesfrom a source like drama, a book, a story, or a poem. Researchpaper is a piece of work where you need to make an argument or ananalysis of your position on a certain topic that is backed up byrelevant data from different sources. Even though both types ofpaper analyze the theme, the research paper is a specific kindthat expands the theme requiring you to select a stand point andmake an argument for it.
Writing an entry paragraph
The first thing you need to do when writing a theme essay is tocompose an entry paragraph. You need to read and understand thetheme of the piece you are writing about. When you find thetheme, you will want to indicate what the general theme is andcraft a thesis statement, which then will be used to give anexplanation to what your paper is about. When reviewing the pieceyou are writing about, it is recommended to take notes on themain points of interest so that you can explain them and offerdetails on them in your paper in the course of work. It is alsoadvisable to start an essay with a good hook, which will attractthe attention of readers and make them read it till the end. Thenyou can introduce your statement and the entry of your mainideas.
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