Wilson Fundations for K-3 is the phonemic/phonological awareness,spelling and phonics program for the classroom of generaleducation. The basis of Fundations is the principles of theWilson Reading System. It is used as a prevention program toassist to reduce spelling and reading mistakes.
Instead of fully replacing the core curriculum, Fundations offerthe research-confirmed strategies that add to the alreadyestablished programs to meet federal standards and serve theneeds of kids.
Teachers include a 15–30-minute Fundations lesson every day intothe instruction of the language arts classroom. The lessons ofFundations concentrate on carefully ordered skills that includethe following:
- Alphabet awareness
- Print knowledge
- Phonological awareness
- Phonemic awareness
Fundations is recommended as part of a whole literacy solutionincluding the Wilson Reading System interference and intensiveprogram and literature-based language arts program. Fundationswriting paper is great for young learners. The program provides asystematic and explicit approach to spelling and reading withphonics.
Wilson is an acknowledged leader in the structured andmultisensory programs of language that brings explicit andsystematic instruction to the K-3 classroom. Using the principlesof the system of Wilson reading, the Fundations offers thematerials based on research as well as strategies important to athorough spelling, reading, and handwriting program.
The Fundations makes the learning to read a fun activity whileestablishing the foundation for the literacy for life. K-3students get a methodical program in the important foundationalskills.
Fundations follows the strict career- and college standards ofthe state. Even though Fundations includes some strategies ofcomprehension, it must be united with the main literature-basedprogram of the language arts for a comprehensive and integratedapproach to spelling and reading.
Those students who enter Fundations K level in kindergarten, areintroduced the activities to learn alphabetical order,letter-keyword-sound, and the skills of letter formation.
The power of this program is that it applies a comprehensiveapproach to teaching skills making an everyday lesson to teachand then reinforce the appropriate skills. Fundations isstructured, multisensory, cumulative, systematic, and explicitprogram that is based on a thorough and accurate documentedresearch. The program concentrates on the development of studentsby distinguishing instruction and actively engaging students intheir learning.
Fundations as part of the MTSS
Fundations is important to a multi-tiered systems of support(MTSS) model offering scientifically-founded instruction in Tierone and an early interference program for students who may havereading problems. MTSS is the model based on prevention thatacknowledges various reasons for why a child may struggle tolearn when a certain learning disability is only one of a fewpossible reasons. Using the MTSS model allows teachers tointervene and identify early to avert students from developingworse reading deficits, and assist to more clearly determine thestudents who have difficulties in learning as a result of certainlearning disability. Their main goal is to avert the dominoeffect of kids developing weaknesses in foundational skills thatovertime lead to the deficits in higher level reading skills likethe understanding of a difficult text.
To help implement the MTSS model, the monitoring of progress isincluded into Fundations allowing students, who require a moreintense program, to be noticed before going through years offight.
Implementation of Fundations
Fundations is an additional instruction for general education. Itprovides all students with a strong foundation in spelling andreading skills. It does the following:
- Fundations is universally created to serve all students inthe regular classroom of education. The standard lesson plan isavailable to all students because the terms that are taught andpracticed integrate many learning modalities.
- It is provided to all students in the classroom of generaleducation for 30 minutes a day as an additional program or theblock of the word study to the main literacy program.
- There are certain guidelines to address the needs of advancedstudents, English language learners, and students who havedifficulties and need different support.
- Lessons are flexible. Teachers choose certain words to teachconsidering the needs of the students in their classroom.Students may be asked to produce the Fundations writing paper todemonstrate their skills.
Those students, who may need strategic interference, getFundations in a small group setting established by theinterventionalist or the teacher.
If Fundations has already been offered in Tier one, the strategicinterference includes the targeted lessons in a small group foran extra 30 minutes 3–5 times per week.
Schools that use Fundations only of the Tier two have thestandard Fundations lesson scheduled five days a week and lasting30 minutes each in small groups. Additional interference lessonsshould be scheduled as decided by progress monitoring.
The highlights of the program
The program includes the following highlights:
- Skills taught systematically and explicitly
- Study of word structure and systematic phonetics areemphasized
- Instruction is combined
- Teachers use the model that directs students to repeat words,sounds, and sentences
- Assessments monitor students throughout the program
- Thanks to the extensive practice, there are manyopportunities for skills usage
- The manual offers direction for support staff to meetindividual needs of students
- There is a home support packet that encourages involvement ofparents
Activities included in Fundations lessons
Students take part in Fundations lessons every day that includethe following activities:
- Formation of letters using dry erase boards, sky writing,finger tracing, and notebooks.
- Sequencing the alphabet using sound cards or magneticbuilding board.
- Fluency drills for real words, sounds, trick words, nonsensewords, etc. to develop phrasing, automaticity, and expression.
- Finding letters and words using the building boards or themagnetic letter and phoneme tiles.
- Segmenting and blending sounds with the Wilson technique offinger tapping.
- Dictation for words, sounds, and sentences applying thecomposition books and dry erase board.
- Using the activity of the word of the day that reviews thestructure of a word and develops vocabulary with the help ofindex cards, sound cards, and vocabulary section of the notebook.
- Trick words using gel boards, skywriting, notebooks,flashcards, and composition books.
- Storytime includes writing and reading activities likeFundations writing paper.
- Word play, word talk, and Make It Fun art activities that usethe manipulatives to reinforce the concepts or go through theones that were previously taught.
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