Antacids Composition and Uses

Antacids are medications that improve the pH balance in your abdomen. A number of symptoms, including heartburn, gastritis, and gastro -esophageal reflux disease (GERD), can be cured with them. Generally, antacids start working within minutes. It is important to notice that they may not continually be necessary, and they can have serious consequences if used incorrectly.

The most typical of the bases are hydroxides, carbonates, or bicarbonates. The next table includes a set of the substances found in a few common commercial antacids, and the reactions where these antacids neutralize the HCl in stomach acid.

  • Compound
  • Chemical Formula
  • Chemical Reaction
  • Aluminum hydroxide


Al(OH)3(s) + 3 HCl(aq) -----> AlCl3(aq) + 3 H2O(l)

Calcium carbonate


CaCO3(s) + 2 HCl(aq) -----> CaCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)

Magnesium carbonate


MgCO3(s) + 2 HCl(aq) -----> MgCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)

Magnesium hydroxide


Mg(OH)2(s) + 2 HCl(aq) -----> MgCl2(aq) + 2 H2O(l)

Sodium bicarbonate


NaHCO3(aq) + HCl(aq) -----> NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)

  • What Are Antacids?
  • How Do They Work?
  • Types of Antacids
  • Is Simethicone an Antacid?
  • What Are Antacids Used For?
  • When to Consult Your Doctor About Antacids
  • Final Thoughts on Antacids

Working of antacids

The opposite of acid is a base, and that's just what an antacid is. Antacids cause you to feel better by increasing the pH balance in your belly. The pH system is a level for measuring the acidity or alkalinity of confirmed environment (in cases like this, your abdomen). The size goes from 0 to 14. A pH of 7 is neutral. Below 7 is acid solution. Above 7 is alkaline

Normally, the acid level in your stomach is about two or three 3. Trouble may start when your pH drops below those figures. To make you feel better, an antacid need not bring the pH level all the way up to 7 (natural), which will be a highly unnatural talk about for your belly. To be able to work, all the antacid has to do is help you to 3 or 4 4. It does this by neutralizing some of the excess acidity.

Due to several complex factors, a base can't neutralize your acid simply by itself. Basics needs some chemical substance "helpers, " or substances, to accompany it as it neutralizes the acid in your tummy.

All antacids contain at least one of the four primary materials
  • Sodium
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Aluminum.

Antacids are medications that raise the pH balance in your belly. A number of symptoms, including heartburn, gastritis, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can be cured with them. Generally, antacids start working within minutes. It's important to note that they might not always be necessary, plus they can have serious repercussions if used improperly.

What Are Antacids?

Antacids are drugs that work by increasing the pH balance in your abdomen. Americans presently spend near to $1 billion per season on antacids. This is because antacids can quickly relieve the symptoms associated with occasional heartburn and indigestion. Though they cause problems for a few, antacids can be taken easily by most people. Consumers who use antacids only one time in a while, so that as directed, are unlikely to experience significant side results.

But antacids may well not always be necessary, and they can have serious repercussions if used improperly. Frequent and prolonged use can cause irreparable injury to your heart and soul, kidneys, or bones. Whether or not used sometimes and in moderation, antacids can cause problems for people with special medical conditions.

How Do They Work?

The opposite associated with an acid is basics, and that's exactly what an antacid is.

Antacids make you feel better by increasing the pH balance in your belly. The pH system is a scale for measuring the acidity or alkalinity of a given environment (in cases like this, your abdominal). The size runs from 0 to 14. A pH of 7 is natural. Below 7 is acidity. Above 7 is alkaline.

Normally, the acid solution level in your abdominal is about 2 or 3 3. Trouble may start whenever your pH drops below those amounts. To cause you to feel better, an antacid need not bring the pH level completely up to 7 (neutral), which would be a highly unnatural point out for your tummy. To be able to work, all the antacid has to do is help you to three or four 4. It does this by neutralizing some of the excess acidity.

Due to many complex factors, basics can't neutralize your acidity all by itself. Basics needs some substance "helpers, " or elements, to go with it as it neutralizes the acid in your abdominal. All antacids contain at least one of the four primary substances
  • Sodium
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Aluminum.

Types of Antacids

As mentioned above, antacids have four types of materials. Within these four types, there are many different brands. Below we discuss each kind, name several brands, and discuss their possible part effects.

Sodium Antacids (Alka-Seltzer, Bromo-Seltzer, among others)

Sodium bicarbonate (commonly known as baking soda) is perhaps the best-known of the sodium-containing antacids. It really is potent and fast-acting. As its name advises, it is saturated in sodium. If you're over a salt-restricted diet, and particularly if the diet is intended to take care of high blood pressure (hypertension), have a sodium-containing antacid only under a doctor's requests.

Calcium Antacids (Tums, Alka-2, Titralac, and Others)

Antacids by means of calcium carbonate or calcium phosphate are also strong and fast-acting. Regular or heavy doses of calcium (more than five or six times weekly) can cause constipation. Heavy and expanded use of this product may clog your kidneys and cut down the amount of blood they can process. Extended use of calcium antacids can also cause kidney rocks.

Magnesium Antacids (Maalox, Mylanta, Riopan, Gelusil, and more)

Magnesium salts come in many varieties -- carbonate, glycinate, hydroxide, oxide, trisilicate, and aluminosilicate. it has a slight laxative impact; it can cause diarrhea. Because of this, magnesium salts are hardly ever used as the one active ingredients in an antacid, but are combined with aluminum, which counteracts the laxative impact. (The brand names listed above all contain magnesium-aluminum combinations. )Like calcium, magnesium could cause kidney stones if considered for a prolonged period, especially if the kidneys are working improperly to start with. A serious magnesium overload in the blood stream (hypermagnesemia) can also cause blood pressure to drop, resulting in respiratory or cardiac depression - a potentially dangerous decrease in lung or heart function.

Antacids are medications that increase the pH balance in your abdominal. A number of symptoms, including reflux symptoms, gastritis, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can be cured with them. Generally, antacids start working within a few minutes. It is important to notice that they might not exactly continually be necessary, and they can have serious results if used incorrectly.

Aluminum Antacids (Rolaids, Alternagel, Amphojel, as well as others)

Salts of lightweight aluminum (hydroxide, carbonate gel, or phosphate gel) can also cause constipation. Therefore, aluminum is usually used in blend with the other three key ingredients.

Used greatly over a protracted period, antacids formulated with aluminium can weaken bones, especially in people who have kidney problems. Aluminum can cause dietary phosphates, calcium, and fluoride to leave your body, eventually leading to bone problems such as osteomalacia or osteoporosis.

It should be emphasized that aluminum-containing antacids present practically no risk to individuals who have normal kidney function and who use these products only occasionally and since directed.

Uses of Antacids

Antacids may be used to treat a number of common symptoms in the esophagus, belly, and intestines. A few of these antacid uses include
  • Indigestion
  • Gastritis
  • Heartburn
  • Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Peptic ulcer.


Indigestion is a fuzzy expression that is often used to refer to vague abdominal distress. Additionally it is known as
  • Sour stomach
  • Acid indigestion
  • Upset stomach
  • Acid abdomen.


Gastritis is an ailment that occurs whenever your stomach lining becomes swollen by too much acid solution secretion.


Heartburn occurs when the stomach's contents, including its corrosive juices, get into reverse and come back up the esophagus (known as acid reflux disorder or gastro- esophageal reflux).

Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease

If you experience gastro esophageal reflux frequently, you might have something called gastro esophageal reflux disease, or GERD for short.

Peptic Ulcer

If the location of the burning up sensation is a little lower, and if it continues to be around formore when compared to a few days, you could have a peptic ulcer. An ulcer is simply a sore in your abdomen that keeps getting irritated by stomach acid.

Side effects

Excess calcium mineral from supplements, fortified food and high-calcium diets, can cause the milk-alkali syndrome, which has serious toxicity and can be fatal. In 1915, Bertram Sippy launched the "Sippy regimen" of hourly ingestion of dairy and cream, the continuous addition of eggs and cooked cereal, for 10 days, coupled with alkaline powders, which provided symptomatic alleviation for peptic ulcer disease. Over another several decades, the Sippy regimen led to renal failure, alkalosis, and hypercalemia, largely in men with peptic ulcer disease. These adverse effects were reversed when the routine discontinued, but it was fatal in a few patients with protracted vomiting. Dairy alkali syndrome declined in men after effective treatments were developed for peptic ulcer disease. But in the past 15 years, it has been reported in women taking calcium supplements above the recommended selection of 1200 to 1500 mg daily, for protection and treatment of osteoporosis, and is also exacerbated by dehydration. Calcium has been added to over-the-counter products, which contributes to inadvertent excessive intake.

The New Great britain Journal of Treatments reported an average case of a female who arrived in the emergency department vomiting and altered mental status, writhing in pain. She acquired consumed large quantities of chewable antacid tablets formulated with calcium carbonate. She slowly but surely recovered.

Compounds formulated with calcium could also increase calcium end result in the urine, which might be associated with kidney stones. Calcium salts could cause constipation.

Other undesireable effects from antacids include

Carbonate: regular high dosages may cause alkalosis, which may lead to transformed excretion of other drugs, and kidney rocks. A chemical response between the carbonate and hydrochloric acid may produce carbon dioxide gas. This triggers gastric distension which might not be well tolerated. Carbon dioxide formation can also lead to headaches and decreased muscle overall flexibility.

Aluminum hydroxide: can lead to the forming of insoluble aluminium-phosphate-complexes, with a risk for hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia. Although aluminium has a minimal gastrointestinal absorption, build up might occur in the presence of renal insufficiency. Aluminium-containing drugs could cause constipation.

Magnesium hydroxide: It offers laxative properties. Magnesium may gather in patients with renal inability resulting in hypermagnesemia, with cardiovascular and neurological complications. See Dairy of magnesia.

Sodium: increased absorption of sodium may be deleterious for arterial hypertension, heart inability and many renal diseases.

Side results from antacids differ depending on individual and other medications they might be taking at that time. Those who experience side results most commonly have problems with changes in bowel functions, such as diarrhea, constipation, or flatulence.

Although reactions to any drug may vary from person to person, generally those medications which contain lightweight aluminum or calcium will be the likeliest to cause constipation, the ones that contain magnesium are the likeliest to cause diarrhea. Some products incorporate these materials, which essentially cancels them out, to forestall distressing side results.

In general, people with kidney problems should probably not take antacids as this may sometimes cause an ailment known as alkalosis. In other people, side effects may occur if substances such as sodium, sweets, or aspirin, are put into a particular medication. As with all medications, always carefully read the product label on the program and check with your doctor or pharmacist if you have any question about potential medicine interactions or side effects.

Some side effects, such as constipation and diarrhea, are fairly obvious. Other more serious side results, such as tummy or intestinal; bleeding, can be more difficult to identify. In general, any sign of blood in the stool or the presence of vomiting is a threat sign and really should be brought to the immediate attention of a physician.

If your symptoms persist for more than 10 times to two weeks when you are using the medication, you should stop taking it and seek advice from your doctor. Prolonged symptoms may reveal that you have more a serious problem than occasional acid reflux disorder. Pregnant or nursing baby should consult your physician before taking this medication. Generally, you should not give these medications to children under the age of 12 unless under the advice and supervision of your physician or the program label has indicated that the merchandise is safe for young children

Antacids (THE REALITY About Antacid)

I'm sure you know of a person who is suffering from heartburn on a regular basis and requires antacids like they're chocolate. It could even be you. A lot of people think the answers to all their abdominal problems can be fixed by firmly taking over-the-counter antacids. The truth is, their intestinal problems typically stem from low gastric acid, very few intestinal enzymes, and huge dishes which were not chewed well enough. These meals cause food to take a seat in the digestive tract longer than they have to.

As an outcome, food ferments, causing gas and bloating when it is not properly digested. As gases rise and reach the esophagus, they cause pain in the breasts that some say feels like a coronary attack. Too much gas causes the valve that helps to keep the stomach items from the esophagus to stretch. This spills acid in to the esophagus, leading to the stinging experience other wise known as heartburn.

Taking an antacid medication may briefly ease the getting rid of sensation since it reduces stomach acid. When this is performed, improper food digestion occurs, and then ferments. Then the whole problem starts off yet again. Through the use of antacids to regulate gastric acid, the abdominal compensates by providing more acid.

Below I have outlined common substances in antacids and their results on our body. Please read carefully through them. It really is amazing that, particularly if used large dosages, antacids can be bad for your health!

Aluminum salts: These salts interfere with the absorption of phosphates. This may lead to constipation, loss of cravings, weakness, and bone damage. Aluminium salts can aggravate patients with Alzheimer's disease, kidney disease, those who find themselves dehydrated, and those with certain bone disorders.

Calcium salts: In excess, calcium sales can cause constipation, urinary system disorders, headaches, mood changes, muscles weakness, and nausea.

Sodium bicarbonate: It has a laxative impact. Sodium bicarbonate can also have an impact on blood circulation pressure and cause swollen legs and thighs.

In addition, antacids can hinder the absorption of vitamin supplements and medication, especially antibiotics. Antacids which contain magnesium can be dangerous when given to people who have a kidney disease. It can be dangerous for individuals who have problems with dehydration. I've read that antacids obstruct the vitamin supplements B12the most essential vitamin for the human brain. Researchers think that the lack of supplement B12 in the brain may be one cause of Alzheimer's disease.

If indeed you have osteoporosis or are in risk, or if you are a child, you must never take antacids. I am in the process of placing out 10 proven tips that will certainly reduce your heartburn within a very short period of your time. I too have suffered with years and years of agonizing heartburn which is my pleasure to share these secrets for you. Until just lately, I learned the truth about antacids plus some proven ways of curing heartburn.

Let face it, if you will settle for dealing with heartburn rather than curing it, you will be wasting your money! This method of treatment will bring absolutely no long term results and a probability of esophagus cancer could occur. Inside our next newsletter, I am going to discuss 10 techniques to conquering heartburn.

Antacids are medications that boost the pH balance in your belly. A number of symptoms, including heartburn, gastritis, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can be cared for with them. In most cases, antacids begin working within a few minutes. It is important to note that they may well not always be necessary, and they can have serious implications if used incorrectly.

Is Simethicone an Antacid?

Some antacids contain an ingredient called simethicone, a gastric defoaming agent that breaks up gas bubbles, making them better to eliminate from the body.

The Food and Medicine Supervision (FDA) says simethicone is safe and effective in combination with antacids for alleviation of intestinal gas associated with heartburn. Not absolutely all antacids contain simethicone.

If you are looking for alleviation of symptoms associated with gas, browse the antacid's label carefully to ensure it contains simethicone.

What Are Antacids USED IN?

Antacids may be used to treat a few common symptoms in the esophagus, tummy, and intestines. Some of these antacid uses include
  • Indigestion
  • Gastritis
  • Heartburn
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD for brief)
  • Peptic ulcer.

If antacids fail to relieve symptoms of any of these conditions within 10 to a quarter-hour, or if symptoms are severe, you should visit your physician.

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