- Hibban Zaffar
A disease is the adjustment of the structure and function where it affects the body from working normally in your body's system. The characteristics of an illness can be shown from particular signs or symptoms. These diseases are categorised into different kinds.
This is where in fact the disease is not present from birth it is therefore not inherited. These factors may appear from the external environment. They are diseases that can be offered through communicable and non-communicable means.
Acquired disease corresponds with infectious disease as it is non-genetic. A good example of an received disease is HIV. HIV is a sexual transmitted disease that may be passed from unsafe sex, contaminated blood vessels transfusions etc. This disease is categorized to be acquired.
This is where in fact the disease exists from birth. This can be hereditary or non-genetic. There are lots of conditions that may be passed in this way. One of them like sickle cell anaemia can be an inherited lifelong disease. The sickle cells are sticky and stiff so they prevent the blood circulation in the arteries. The blood circulation that is blocked can cause pain and organ damage. This is much more likely to build up into cardiovascular disease.
This can be caused from unsafe microorganisms such as bacteria, trojans, fungi or parasites. Infectious diseases can be transferred from person to person. Basically the diseases a person can 'get'. The pass on of diseases can be grouped into direct contact (individual to individual) and indirect contact (propagate through mid-air or touching an afflicted surface).
Direct contact happens when the contaminated person transmits the microorganisms to another person with out a contaminated subject or person.
Person to person contact: Immediate contact through individual to individual contact can occur by touching the infected person or from the secretion of bodily fluids. One other way is the aerosol of droplets that can spread an infectious disease which may appear from coughing and sneezing. The common cold is one example of the pass on of an infectious disease.
If the pass on of droplets from an infected person grows to the eyes, nose area or mouth area of a standard person, it can cause symptoms of the condition. The droplets can progress to three foot as they're large in proportions of 10 micrometres allowing them to stay in mid-air for an extended. Droplet transference can form from packed environments of which it clarifies in why respiratory infections are common during the calendar months of winter.
Infectious diseases can be propagate directly from creature to person. This may happen from being bitten or scratched from the contact of the infected animal. It could make you sick and tired but in extreme cases could cause death.
One other way it is propagate is from Mother to unborn child. The pathogens can pass through the placenta like the Helps disease and the toxoplasmosis parasite.
Indirect contact is the copy of infectious contaminants from person to person by an intermediate carrier. These pathogens can stay onto inanimate objects which include stand tops, doorknobs etc.
Other infections come from the organisms that live within the environment but are not passed from person to person. Examples include fungal infections like histoplasmosis, with some infection like anthrax.
Airborne transmitting happens from indirect contact where they travel through the air in miniature sized particles. These small sized contaminants ejected out in mid-air for even long periods of time.
Some disease can be transferred by bites and stings where in fact the bacteria use the insect service providers. This is mosquitos, fleas etc. The service providers are also known as vectors. Mosquitos are a good example of taking the malaria parasite. The vector pathogen spreads when the insect encounters that microorganism on its body or in its intestinal tract to where it land on the individual and bites them. The insect's body can be used to multiply the pathogen in order for it to infect a new host.
Other diseases by indirect contact can occur from food contamination. This can include water and food that is polluted. Or also called common-vehicle transmission that lets germs propagate and cause the condition. Food can be called a vehicle if the bacteria spread in triggering an illness like the contaminants of E. coli.
A fomite is another indirect transmission of where the substance or the thing is taking microorganisms. These can be germs or parasites that copy from one individual to another. A fomite can be anything just like a dirty material. These objects can assist in the get spread around of pathogenic microorganisms.
Diseases with environmental triggers:
This is due to environmental factors that may be a part of forming an illness. This affects individuals which have a particular condition that is already genetically inherited. This can include diet, stress, physical and mental misuse, contact with pathogens, poisons, radiation and chemicals.
One example is asbestos that was used to insulate homes, factories and institutions. Then it was realised of how dangerous the insulation can be where it was found to cause a type of cancer in the lungs called mesothelioma.
The structure or function deteriorating over time affecting the tissue or organs. Normally it takes impact from body wear or the selection of routine like eating habits or exercise. It often comes from the ageing process of the body putting on down as injuries occur that can sometimes lead to pain or loss of use. A good example can be osteoarthritis. Another exemplory case of degenerative diseases is Alzheimer's where their capability is bound in perform daily activities without support.
The above represents each different types of diseases and infections. These groups are used by doctor to recognize its relevance to its respective disease.
Classifying diseases has an order of investigation and representation of the group the disease comes into. The infectious diseases are most popular and within most humans. They are really regularly treated through vaccines. They sometimes referred as protozoal.
With this at heart Infectious diseases have other ways of 'infections' and conditions are being used to classify the speed and/or action ofinfectious diseases. Putting diseases especially infectious diseases in to useful system of understanding and its own actions can be overlapped with different meanings but by labelling them in sub-category will help professionals to build up diagnosis to the situation. Also diseases have different - rates, period it requires and area of spreading. Conditions used are either:-
- Acute disease
- Chronic disease
- Subacute disease
- Latent disease
The table shows conditions and classification of infectious diseases.
Factors that can influence the introduction of diseases and infections are Pathogens, environmental causes and where the cause is uncertain. Pathogens are bacteria or microbes (an illness agent). They could be pathogenic bacterial, fungal and viral. They can live in flourishing conditions, have a lifecycle and the probability of producing within humans. They are simply parasitic in characteristics.
Another factor is 'environmental causes' are credited to nutritional deficiency diseases, chronic eating diseases and their romantic relationship between conditions and disease. This may include impacts of pollutants and their effects, relationship between cancers and radiation or exposure to UV A and B radiation.
Where the cause is uncertain, it is sometimes difficult to see the reason like body degeneration. The degenerative have its classification.
The action of disease transmission and attacks are recommended with terms immediate contact, indirect contact, multiply through mid-air andspread through vectors. Also the direct contact by eating food or taking in contaminated liquid.
EBOLA is a viral haemorrhagic fever. The specialists classed this as an organization Adisease which means must be notified immediately by the infectorwithin5 days. The contaminated must be quarantined until medical clearance.
The source of infection for man is usually unknown for Ebola computer virus but secondary humaninfections occur through immediate contact, multiply by person to personspread withinfected blood vessels or secretions, includingsemen. The transmitting hasalso been reported originated through the use ofcontaminated fine needles and syringes.
The Ebola trojan iscommunicable disease as long as blood vessels andsecretions contain disease.
Virus hasbeen isolated in seminal fluid 60 daysafter the onset of disease.
All age range are susceptible to the virus. The length ofimmunity after infections is unfamiliar. The preventive methods are sparse no vaccinesare available. It is currently found in Western Africa and any intendingtravellers to the regionendemic areas should avoid contact withticks and rodents.
All infected people should be looked after at thehospital VHF treatment centre. The drugIntravenous ribavirin may be useful for treatment purposes. Infected person shouldbe looked after within an isolationroom, preferably with negative pressureventilation, and non-essential personnel andvisitors should be constrained. The highestlevel of barrier an infection controlprecautions should be institutedincluding use of dresses, gloves, face shields andmasks.
For Ebola trojan, no airborne transmitting has beenreported. AHEPAfiltration is no overall requirementbut should be utilized if available. Discardingclothing and holding items isadvisable. The obligatory period of isolation should be exercised. The time of isolation for a Ebolaviral haemorrhagic feveris at the least two days without feverand a total of 21 days and nights from onset ofillness. The incubation amount of the causative disease agent is 2 to 21 days and nights. TheMeticulous personal health isnecessary. Abstinence from sexualintercourse is preferred until genital fluidshave been proven to be free of the computer virus.
The Ebola pathogen has highfatality rate between 50-90%. The fever viruswidely allocated in Africa. The origins of the Ebola diseaseviruses is still unclear although itappears to own arisen in Africa.
Infectious agent: Ebola
Source of microorganisms: Contaminated individuals and carriers
Mode of transmitting route: Attacked blood-borne route; blood and body fluids
Mode of transmitting: Direct, contaminated blood
Authoritative Classify Group: A
It is astatutory need to assemble and evaluate diseases function to ensure the correct disease is investigated and notification of intensity of the condition is delivered. It's important and critical to change and understand a system which include and uses 'disease properties' such as:-
- infectious agent(s)
- incubation period
- mode of transmission
- period of communicability
- susceptibility and resistance
Each disease are associated with the above includes the next options, how diseases start by immediate contact, Indirect contact, disperse through the environment, propagate through vectors and food contamination.
The Ebola disease talked about shows how diseases can be classified to aid specialists to understand ways that diseases can be treated, healed or eradicated. Thisfacilitatesconcisesharing of information that is analysed by power and the weakness of the condition attributes.
There are programmes made to reduce and/or remove disease and their effectiveness. The output of this can be insight to common systems. Having diseases labelled and grouped really helps to analyse and treat an afflicted person. Although, classifying is challenging, there are so many disease guidelines to take into account, but using a breakdown of its function and source etc can help diagnosis.
A classification system for diseases database is very usefulfor reporting and monitoring diseases. This enables the world to compare and share data in a regular and standard way - between experts and hospitals. It offers common vocabulary to relay drug information against diseases.
The advantages of using a system is that all diseases are captured, examined and validated for stop or no get rid of. This drawback is the maintenance of the machine and disease collection can be time consuming. However, having a system for classifying diseases etc. is a life-saver.
Various authors, Acquired disorder, Wikipedia (The Free Encyclopaedia), http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Purchased_disorder, 06/10/14
Various writers, Congenital disorder, Wikipedia (The Free Encyclopaedia), http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Congenital_disorder, 06/10/14
Mayo Clinic Staff, Infectious diseases, Mayo Center, http://www. mayoclinic. org/diseases-conditions/infectious-diseases/basics/definition/con-20033534, 06/10/14
Various authors, Disease, Wikipedia (The Free Encyclopaedia), http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Infection, 06/10/14
Unknown publisher, Environmental factors influencing the pass on of communicable diseases, World Health Corporation, http://www. who. int/environmental_health_emergencies/disease_outbreaks/communicable_diseases/en/, 06/10/14
Unknown writer, Degenerative disorders, BrainFacts. org, http://www. brainfacts. org/diseases-disorders/degenerative-disorders/, 06/10/14
Various authors, Degenerative disease, Wikipedia (The Free Encyclopaedia), http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Degenerative_disease, 06/10/14
A/Prof Heath Kelly, Dr Noel Bennett, Dr Sally Murray, Ms Kerry Ann O'Grady, May 2005, Rules for the Control of Infectious Diseases, General public Health Group, http://docs. health. vic. gov. au/docs/doc/FE2665DB66894C46CA2578B0001BE87E/$FILE/bluebook. pdf,
Unknown author, Benefits and drawbacks of Identification and Labelling, Custom essay writing service, http://essay4you. online/blog/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-diagnosis-and-labeling/, 06/10/14
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