Keywords: food technology advancement, food and biotechnology
Nowadays the there various kind of issues that arroused in our country, Malaysia and most most likely the issues strongly related to the food industry. For my article, i will give attention to the issue of innovation in food technology by the used of biotechnology. In order to produce healthy food choices formulation at the same time nutritious food, various traditional food technology have been advanced and new solutions developed efficeintly. Recently, there can be an important aspect of advancement in food technology to be able to translate nourishment information into a product. (Deliza, Rosenthal & Silva, 2003).
The problem of invention in food technology very aspire me to build up more on it because I have found one article from the The Celebrity online papers which regarding the bettering on food quality. Accoding compared to that article the School of Nottingham Malaysia Campus is growing new technologies aimed at ensuring the food that we grow is wholesome and safe for ingestion. In fact, the Centre of Excellent for Post-Harvest Biotechnology (CEPB) led by Dr Asgar Ali who's expert in post-harvest biology and technology said that. the purpose of the centre is creating new technology that could decreasing food looses, increasing overall quality and safeness of the food. The major reason is to improve the revenue to marketers and growers and the make availability of the product quality and healthy food to consumers.
Biotechnology uses natural systems, living microorganisms, or components of organisms to make or adjust products or processes for specific uses. For centuries farmers have improved crop crops by traditional breeding techniques, but since thousands of genes are mixed whenever two plant life are crossed, the outcome of the cross-breeding is arbitrary and difficult to control because unwanted characteristics are offered to the new crop combined with the desired ones. Therefore, this traditional cross-breeding can take place only between closely-related types. Modern crop breeders, however, can select a specific genetic trait from any place, or even from an canine source, and copy it into the hereditary code of another seed through modern biotechnology.
In addition, Some people feel that the effects of Genetically Modified (GM) plants on human being health are not yet adequately comprehended. You can find concerns about the utilization of viral DNA during the modification process, and some question whether there would be new health risks if genes unveiled in a GM crop were to be taken up by our body. The safety of GM plants is often evaluated in comparison with the closest regular counterpart. All in all, the main concern regarding biotechnology in food production is whether genetically improved solutions is safe to take which is still to be solved even after the enactment of the Biosafety Action 2007 (Phuoc, 2012)
This issue give the big impact on the social, financial and politics factors. In today's culture, people desire both good health and endurance and therefore demand healthy and functional food that encourages their wellbeing, enjoyment, and productive lifestyle. Today, there are widely used of biotechnology in food creation and we as a consumer does not know if the food that people take in is safe to take or not.
Basically, biotechnology can donate to future food security if it benefits sustainable small-farm agriculture in growing countries. Significant deviation is accessible in everyone's thoughts about biotechnology. Although there is vast support in health benefits for place biotechnology, but still have differ views on the issue of pet genetics for financial gains. Although some are conflicting to it, many are unsolve about genetically customized foods.
There are concerns that the use of GM plants might point to a reduction in biodiversity (the variety of plants and pets or animals in the wild), Mainly in areas where in fact the crop is originated and a wide selection of natural genetic diversification is available. There might also be unexpected outcomes of gene transfer (or 'gene stream') between plant life, for example an irretrievable or uncontrollable 'escape' of genes into neighbouring crazy crops by pollen. The matter come up regarding that pests or weeds could acquire resistance to vegetation (Anonymous 2, 2003).
The other effect to the social is regarding the real human health towards this issue. Allergenicity, many children in the United Talk about and Europe have suffurred from life-threatening allergies to peanuts and other food stuffs. There is a high opportunity that launching a gene into a flower may create a fresh allergen or cause an allergic reaction in susceptible individuals. Therefore, a proposal to assimilate a gene from Brazil nut products into soybeans was deserted in order to avoid unexpected allergies. There is a growing matter that introducing foreign genes into food vegetation may have an unexpected and negative effect on individual health.
A recent article published in Lancet analyzed the consequences of GM potatoes on the digestive tract in rats. . There have been significant variations in the intestines of rats fed GM potatoes and rats fed normal potatoes Yet critics say that paper, like the monarch butterfly data, is flawed and does not hold up to scientific research. Additionally, the gene inserted into the potatoes known as snowdrop bloom lectin which substances can cause poisonous to mammals.
Biotechnology may give a way out of the dependence on unsustainable agriculture by eventually producing crop crops that enable agriculture to support yields but decrease environmental impacts. However the perception in Europe is that a few of the present generation of genetically changed (GM) vegetation, especially those developed for the united states agricultural situation, which can be herbicide- tolerant and insect-resistant, may present yet further risks to biodiversity in our present extensive agricultural system.
Instead of influencing public, the biotechnology in food will affect the economical as well by bringing a GM food to advertise is a lengthy and costly process, and undoubtedly agri-biotech companies wish to ensure a profitable come back on the investment. Many new place genetic engineering technologies and GM plant life have been copyrighted, and patent infringement is a major concern of agribusiness (Whitman, 2000). Yet consumer advocates come to mind that patenting these new plant varieties will raise the price of seeds so high that small farmers and third world countries will not be able to afford seed products for GM plants, thus widening the gap between the rich and the indegent. It really is hoped that in a humanitarian gesture, more companies and non-profits will follow the lead of the Rockefeller Foundation and offer their products at reduced cost to impoverished countries.
Patent enforcement may also be difficult, as the contention of the farmers that they involuntarily grew Monsanto-engineered strains when their plants were cross-pollinated shows. One method to overcome possible patent infringement is to create a "suicide gene" into GM vegetation. These plants would be feasible for only one growing season and would produce sterile seeds that not germinate. Farmers would need to buy a fresh supply of seed products every year. However, this might be financially devastating for farmers in third world countries who cannot afford to buy seed every year and traditionally set aside a portion of the harvest to seed within the next growing season. In an open letter to the public, Monsanto has pledged to give up all research by using this suicide gene technology (Whitman, 2000).
The last implication regarding political factors. At this point, there is no proof that any injury has come to anyone of the thousands of people about the world within the last decade who have eaten foods produced from biotechnology. Regulatory regulators in your community closely screen the safety of all foods including foods produced through biotechnology. THE MEALS and Agriculture Business and the earth Health Organization have established procedures to determine the safeness of biotechnology products and these procedures are achieved or exceeded by regulatory systems across the world. Countries like the USA, Japan, Canada, Australia, Argentina, Korea, Russia, Poland, Hungary, Romania and the Western. Union have all used their regulatory process to look for the food basic safety of at least one product of biotechnology.
Developments in food biotechnology experienced numerous impacts about how food is produced, packaged, tested and conserved as entire it give big impact to the meals industry. Lots of the changes have meant undisputable improvements to our safety and health, while others are more controversial. For example, utilizing the biotechnology in food handling in where cheap wraps that prevent food from spoiling inhibit the expansion of bacteria, and some are even edible. Natural antibiotic substances derived from options such as cloves, oregano, thyme and paprika have been combined with controlled-release biodegradable polymers (smart polymers) to produce plastics that can prevent biofilm formation resulting high quality of food products on the market.
In the area of food production, the use of biotechnology falls into four main categories, specifically: 1) foods consisting of or containing practical organisms; 2) foods extracted from or containing elements extracted from GMOs; 3) foods formulated with single substances or additives produced by genetically revised microorganisms (GMMs); and 4) foods formulated with ingredients refined by enzymes produced by GMMs (Hsieh and Ofori, 2007).
The food industry plays a vital role in shaping consumers' attitudes and desire for foods for new foods. This is particularly true for the merchandise developed with biotechnology. Competitors have waged an extreme plan to pressure the industry into publicly rejecting biotechnology. In such instances, companies have been forced to take steps against their own beliefs and long- term pursuits (Thomas, 2000).
Their main concerns require insufficient consumer acceptance -- not the security of the foodstuffs. They share high degrees of confidence in the research and the regulatory process. In fact, almost none believe that biotechnology should not be used because of uncertain, potential dangers. Most food industry market leaders do not feel it is necessary to get special product labels on foods developed through biotechnology. They point out concerns that such brands would be regarded as a alert by consumers. In addition they worried that the need to segregate commodities would pose financial and logistical burdens on everyone in the system including consumers. Food industry market leaders recognize a major need to teach the general public about biotechnology. They turn to third people, such as university and government experts to provide such control.
Many solutions that could be done to ensure that the isssue regarding biotechnology in food can be overcome. From my point of view, one of the best way is considerable screening of GM foods may be asked to avoid the probability of harm to consumers with food allergies. Plus, labeling of GM foods and foods will acquire new importance. Relating to Whitman (2000), Labeling of GM foods and foods is also a contentious concern. Overall, agribusiness industries assume that labeling should be voluntary and influenced by the requirements of the free market. If consumers show preference for labeled foods over nonlabeled foods, then industry will contain the incentive to regulate itself or risk alienating the client. Consumer interest organizations, on the other hand, are demanding essential labeling. Folks have the to know what they may be eating, argue the eye teams, and historically industry has proven itself to be unreliable at self-compliance with existing safeness regulations.
preventing outcrossing by engineering pollen incompatibility and other mechanisms into plants. This may significantly decrease the risk of spread of GM features into native species. Alternatively, achieving insect level of resistance by changing physical characteristics of plant life, perhaps by increasing hairiness or thickening the seed cuticle. This could reduce insecticide use, without needing in-plant toxins. Protecting fungal amount of resistance in adult vegetation by "moving over on" level of resistance genes that are mixed up in seed, however, not presently in adult crops. This appears to be a stylish and safe use of biotechnology which could lead to significant reductions in fungicide use.
Research shows that consumers will accept biotech foods if indeed they see a advantage to themselves or modern culture and if the price is right. Their reactions to foods developed through biotechnology are basically the same as for just about any other food: flavour, nutrition, price, protection and convenience are the major factors that impact our decisions about which foods to eat. How seeds and food substances are developed is only going to be relevant for a relatively small group of concerned, consumers. The food industry needs to focus on what it does best: namely producing and distributing value added foods that consumers want.
Given that people have only 1 planet, more people to give food to and fewer resources available - what shall we do? A smart way is always to use the various tools we have at our disposal to better adapt to future changes and invest in those innovative alternatives. We've the technology. We have the infrastructure. The rules and regulations already are set up. Must we've a crisis before we take action in European countries?
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