Applying Theories of Management, Organizations and Motivation

Leadership is a communal process through which a group or community delegate some power to someone or individual who influence the behavior of others without pressurizing or using any pressure for doing this but such leader/individual stimulate the other. But on other hands leadership is the extra quality/ability of the management of an organization by which the management direct the subordinates to be employed by mutual goals of group confidently.

Leadership styles are different in different company, industries and areas because of their works styles, production capacity and working environment. Environment of all organizations, industries and sectors differs than the surroundings of other because the type of business and working capacity of different systems of working is in accordance to its needs and needs of business. Therefore, to direct the subordinates of a particular device, the management of the same elect or select its leader through some process and delegate some capabilities to such innovator and who make use of the forces delegated to him for the one reason for the welfare or shared benefits/goals of the group and the as of the business. Selection of market leaders normally held in this manner in bureaucratic organizations.

2. Leader

A leader is a person who exercise impact over subordinate and other folks without using threats or electricity for the sole sake of the benefit or welfare of the city or groups so chosen or elected him/her as their head. It could not be meaningless to state that a innovator is someone who influences others through desire and people likes to obey her or him willfully not in compulsion. A head is person who symbolizes the urges and requirements of his community or group and his all actions are only for the welfare and benefits of his categories. Generally market leaders are of two types' formal market leaders and informal leaders.

A leader who is appointed as head and has been delegated some ability under the shelter of a specific rank or position to perform the particular subject. A formal innovator is not a natural head because such leaders are picked or elected in bureaucratic firm through some process for a specific time with the delegation of some particular forces to the amount of the achievement of organizational goals and targets.

An person chosen by an organization or community to which he belongs, without the election or selection can be an informal head and such leaders have got God gifted skills of communication and self-assurance. Such leaders do not have expert as the formal leaders are delegated because they're not preferred or elected and they are not innovator of only a business nonetheless they are leader of a group or community to with they belong and the represent the ideology, demands, requirements, necessities etc. of the groups or community. Casual leaders are natural leaders.

3. Requirements of Control for Reaching Present and Future Organizational Goals and Objectives

Leaders will be the heroes and resources of the organizations or communities to which they belongs plus they have basic aim to achieve the task being placed to him with the help of their groups confidently and it is one of the work and responsibility of the leader to communicate the task properly to the group and muster up their courage the perfect time to time in all the way required, take the suggestions of the group users to judge the frame of mind of the group participants, organize the group to complete the task so given to them by making use of the group. Pursuing skills are required to a leader to meet up with the organizational goals and objective to enhance the efficiency of his group.

3. 1 Communication of Process Knowledge to the Group

Leader of an organization is a formal head who have been given some power to point or affect his subordinates to work for the goals of corporation. Formal leaders are part of bureaucratic corporation and in this way a innovator is given some tasks to be completed within a particular time with the connivance and co-ordination of his group. So you can get effective work a leader is meant to be such a person who possess the entire knowledge about the task in all respects and therefore, it is the first skill of your leader and the basic requirement of leadership to deliver/speak the requisite understanding of the duty to the group at any level to get the best of the group at all the changing times. He should speak all the loops of the responsibilities to the group so that little or nothing should be continued to be doubtful about the task and the task should be started with confidence till the completion of the task.

3. 2 Understanding Organization's Needs

Leadership is the energy of an organization by which it accumulate its durability in form of self-assurance of the person electric power and high moral which lead the organization towards the prosperity and this is all possible only when the market leaders or management of a business remained educated with the demands of the organization needs. A task is a test of the organization's capability whether they have capacity to work in any circumstances such as in essential and difficult time by making right and useful decision in such situations. Co-ordination between your leadership and man vitality is the basic element of organization's success and completion of difficult tasks.

3. 3 Understanding Group's Need

Labor/group is main electric power of a business and they're fighters who battle for the success of business because their success is an integral part of the organization's success. It is one of the key quality of leadership that it completely stimulates the labor/groupings and will try its level best to solve the issues and match the needs of the organizations because satisfaction of the group is composite and unrebutable dependence on a task's completion. Good command works directly for the welfare of corporation but indirectly it is struggling with for the benefits associated with the group. Management of an organization utilizing the process of leadership not control the groups in the business but also by using leadership become in a position to enhance the weakness of a business man power into its advantages.

3. 4 Agreement for Training of Groups

An firm is platform in which all areas/departments related to to the nature of organization's work are merged such as purchase section, manufacturing department, marketing, funding and retailing all departments will work collectively. Time to time new inventions are happened which must also mould or choose new ways to improve the working conditions and skills for the gropes of different fields. It's the responsibility of the management of a business that it will remained intact with the authority of the categories to understand their needs and requirements for better working situations because in so doing the management through authority can measure the weakness of the organizations and can improve their skills by planning training in the fields of stress. Through these training the management can either increase the skills of the labor but on the other hands also becomes able to measure the working capacity of the labor and these training vacations also highlight the strength of relationship between your groups and management.

3. 5 Analysis of Weaknesses and Strengths

A easy working can only be perform if the business know perfectly the domains of emphasis and stress and this could only be possible when a business is able to recognizes its weaknesses and strengths. For which makes it possible, leadership takes on the main role such as a formal leader is definitely a head from the organization who is selected by the business through some process. Such authority helps the organization in analyzing the weaknesses and advantages of the organization right out of the groups of the organization because all the group people have good relationships with the leaders plus they also talk about their problems as well as about their extra skills with them and by polishing such extra skills through training an organization can not even improve its talents but also covert its weaknesses into its strengths. A successful organization is such an organization which knows very well about its weaknesses and dangers and by mustering the courage and moral of the categories the organization can get a rid of those weaknesses and risks and this is just possible because of good authority.

3. 6 Determination of Groups of Organization

It is the authority which has been delegated to the market leaders they have some powers by which then can direct and even can impact the subordinates and the subordinates obey the directions of the market leaders happily because they have confidence in that the activities of the leader are for the welfare of these and they are their associates. Management of a business can encourage the sets of the organization for the goals and aims of the organization just through leadership, Therefore, organizations should remain good and cordial relations with the management and should properly inspire to them in order that they be able to motivate the organizations properly and the best outcome could be expected and achieved.

3. 7 Building Confidence

All staff of a business should be self-confident and assurance of personnel is the key of success for organizations. All market sectors, organizations, sub-divisions and jobs have different characteristics of work therefore, requirements of all differ however the basic demand for all of them is the self-confidence of labor and confidence e of labor come in labor when they are content with the business management. A leader is intermediate person between your organization and its categories but he represent the communities because he belongs to them. Authority of a business can motivate the categories and can built self-assurance as well as for such self-confidence could be possible on the basis of given and taken, therefore, the business has to some extent polite in favor of the categories and just as the communities have to remain polite to some extent and only the organization which given and considered built long lasting confidence between the organization and groupings which is the necessity and requirement of the leadership.

Leadership performs the most unique role in the progress of the organizations, sub-divisions, business and projects because just based on money and recruiting no effective work could be achieved. Effective and useful work could be done only by the co-ordination between your concerns and sets of the concerns and this co-ordination and self confidence is soughted only by the role of the leadership because business concerns can not fulfill the dependence on each and every labor or person in labor of such concern. Therefore, by co-coordinating one another the organization can achieve its goals and the organizations can also achieve their goals vested with the goals of the organization, industries, sub-divisions and projects. Nature of all organizations, business, sub-division and assignments are different just as the attitude of the leaderships of them are different but the strategies for all of them are same because the labor wishes priority to their needs and a bureaucratic innovator is the individual who can solve the problem of the concerns.

4 Modern Ideas of Leadership

All the days the component of command was available available activities and as the business working pace has changed in the same way the theories about the control are also advanced and detailed which deals in every the requisite aspects of the control out of which some modern theories of control are the following

4. 1 Situational Theory of Hersey Blanchard

Situational theory of Hersey Blanchard is dependant on quantum of route towards the task, relationship between your leadership and teams and level of maturity of the duty so governed by the command to the groups. Within this theory the quantum of path is supposed to task patterns while relationship between the leadership and organizations is the relationship behavior. It is the potential of the management that how good relations and coordination it remains with the subordinates because management and control are not the actual electric power of companies, organizations, sub-divisions, and project, actual electricity is groups that are in numbers and keeps the ability to change the fate of supplier through its working skills.

This theory is split into three actions such as

Task Tendencies: This habit evolves around the first choice and the communities in which the leader remains engage in splitting out the responsibilities and responsibilities to the groupings based on the task that what is the task, what is the task of the each group, how to do, when to do, who to do, where you can do. In task behavior the leader of the categories remains in teaching the responsibilities to the categories about the task and connect the group in a single way nearly the duty.

Relationship Action: Relationship patterns is a two way communication patterns where the leader remains engage in supporting the communities because he must listen the issues, facilitating the groupings for smooth and effective working and pushing them for building self-assurance. In marriage behavior the leader remains an integral part of the duty working and support the group in all the ways he possibly could.

Level of Maturity: Level of maturity of every person is different and this is actually the consent and taking responsibility of the person to direct their personal actions. Every person owns different degree of maturity and in this way understanding and commanding capacity to the extent of the level of maturity is different. Accomplishment of an activity depends after the maturity degree of leader and communities since it is up to the leader that in what way he directs and on the other hand in what way the groupings understand.

All the market leaders possess different abilities and degree of maturities but to determine the appropriate style it could be assessed from guidelines of different market leaders in same situation plus they way the facilitate and talk to the teams about the duty. Because when the level of maturity rises the leader will certainly reduce its task tendencies and increase marriage behavior because in such situation the understanding of the teams has better therefore, the leaders have need to accomplish the teams in dealing with their problems for the accomplishment of activity and through this molding frame of mind the first choice can measure the right degree of maturity of the categories working. This theory does apply to all establishments, organizations, sub-divisions and projects working on long term strategies because with the change in the rate of inventions the skills of the organizations/labor are not improving in the same ratio therefore, by communicating properly and trained in the requisite domains the business firm can have the expected and beneficial results by using effective leadership. Degree of maturity when increase whether of innovator or labor then he require facilities through which he can perform more effectively and with an increase of speed than at initial stage, therefore, every business concern even of any level can get benefit of this theory since it is applicable to all level of business, business, sub-divisions and tasks.

4. 2 Charles Handy's Theory of Best Fit Approach

Theory of Handy is a adaptable theory through which his emphasis is on the versatility of style which is adequate in line with the situation and circumstances of work if the style is preferred by the leader or groups however the style should be proficient to fulfill the requirements of the duty. In such a theory the style should be chosen according to the environment and task performance which is immaterial that the style is preferred by whom, the leader or the groups. Regarding to Handy's best fit procedure, a method which is fit in accordance of head, groups, job and environment appear only once all the factors accept it and such style gratify all the needs and dependence on the working and it makes the first choice confident that the other workings are in consonance of process and the task now could be completed as is expected. A best fit according to Handy occur only when all the first three factors are at one point and calls for same style to be adopted for working and after adopting such style all the factor received moderate and perform more effectively then according to Handy this is the best fit procedure.

This theory is a average theory of leadership and can certainly applicable to all or any kind of business of small level because multination companies or multiprojects are of such aspect works which works on permanent strategies and planning and in permanent planning average theory is not appropriate because such jobs are involving huge money of stakeholders and stakeholders never take such kind of risk just relying on leadership. In small enterprise as the strategies are short conditions and can be amended when required since it is not engaged huge financial risk. Therefore, this process of Charles Handy 'best fit' does apply only businesses apart from sectors, organizations, sub-divisions and multination companies because the said items strictly put into action strategies so well prepared because such strategies are prepared after considering all the effective factors which directly and indirectly effect the activities of the concern.

4. 3 Style (Behavioral) Theories

Approach under this theory totally concentrates what a leader's style, what a leader does indeed and what's his action. Simply this theory revolves around the style, behavior and activities of the leader. It is very difficult to determine the behavior of any innovator because as the previous theory of Charles Handy express the moderate tendencies of a innovator in this manner the behavior of an leader could modified relating of circumstances and may never be remain same and therefore, it is problematic for someone to evaluate the attitude/behavior of your leader. In the same way a style is also difficult to assess since it changes with the changes in the working condition. Autocratic, democratic, bureaucratic and laisser-faire will be the term which are being used for to describe the general contacted used for a innovator.

Style behavior methodology is not a best and extensive theory according to me since it is revolving around the actions, behavior and style of a leader that what he does indeed, his behavior and design of working. It is a limited way and can only be relevant to small companies because in large unit or enterprises there is absolutely no idea of assumption and molding of style according to the wishes of the first choice because large companies the strategies are being ready after looking at the strategies of previous years along with the results. Strategy producers also take into account all the factors might be induced in future utilizing the services of skilled and specialists merely to avoid any doubt and ambiguity in the strategy. Therefore, this theory is not suitable to market sectors, organizations, sub-divisions and multination businesses by no means because it is lacking lots of necessary factors to be account for and is not a detailed theory.

5. Command Models

A innovator is role model for his enthusiasts and the fans happily adopt the varieties of their head because in their view their innovator is best one in every. Following are leadership models:-

5. 1 The Fiedler Contingency Model

According to the Fred Fiedler Contingency Model, the best performance of an organization would depend on the proper match between your leader's design of directing his group and the particular level to which the circumstances allowed the leader to lead and impact to his group.

Fred Fiedler is the programmer of first contingency model of leadership. This model of leadership proposes that a group's best shows can only be performed if the match between the style of the leader and follower is compatible because the degree of situation never remains the same but it's the behavioral interaction between your innovator and the groupings which make it possible to be achieved, therefore, to attain the best performance of a group it is mainly be examined that the compatibility between the style and relationship of the leader and group is in consonance or not. In this model it is suggested to be checked that whether a certain authority style is effective in several situations because situation vary from time to time. This model point out the leader member relations with the categories, task composition and position electricity of the leader because these all factors are interrelated to each other because sometimes the style of the leader will not properly match due to the structure of the duty and sometimes because of the relations between your head and group the style differ and will not match in such way essential for the effective performance.

5. 2 Innovator Participation Model

This model stress after the leadership habit and contribution of management in decision making in various situations. According to the model the patterns of the leadership must modify to reflect the task degree. This model originated by the Victor Vroom and Phillip Yetton. In simple words, this model emphasis on the tendencies of the command should be flexible which could be modify to reflect the duty structure. This model was got changed in early 1970s because research continued to be continue to determine the effective leadership style. A authority should retain in mind your choice making contingencies while he's identifying that what command style would be most effective in current situation. Team competence, leader's experience, group competence, group support, decision value, importance of dedication and likelihood of commitment will be the contingencies of decision making.

5. 3 Path-Goal Model

Path-Goal Model is produced by Robert House. This model clearly highlight the work of the leader that it is the work of the leader to assist his group in achieving the goals and present them proper route as well as make it possible to provide them the support needed in attaining their goals and to ensure them that their goals are absolutely appropriate for the organizational goals and objectives. This is a thorough model produced by the Robert House since it deals with the responsibilities and duties of a leader. The basic duty of a head is to provide assistance to his group and make them in a position to attain their goals that happen to be indeed compatible to the goals of business.

Through this model Robert House divided the patterns of the leaders in four categories such as

Directive Market leaders: Such market leaders who directs the fans that what is to be done, when to be done, and how they can accomplish the task so given.

Supportive Leader: Supportive head facilitate their groups for effective performance and continued to be friendly with them in like manner build their self confidence which directly enhance the performance of the fans.

Participative Head: A innovator who take part in decision making and before making any decision talk to with his followers and consider their suggestion in all esteem when possible to consider.

Achievement-Oriented Leader: A innovator who have confidence in best performance on a regular basis from his enthusiasts because such innovator set the challenges and converse the group member immediately and continued to be supportive and participative all the time.

According to Fred Fiedler the leader should not change his style and should remained tight but on the other hand Robert House suggest that the behavior of your leader should be flexible and should be molded relative to the situation and this is the sign of effective authority because a effective head always handle the situations not personal ego. That is why the Path-

Goal Model is a comprehensive model which can be applicable to all or any types of organizations, corporations, sub-divisions and jobs because leadership continued to be dedicated with the organizational goals which are compatible to the goals of the followers.

Advise on the Succession of Sir Alex Ferguson

After observing the history of the Manchester United and the previous innovator Matt Busby who led the golf club since 1949 and retired in 1969 and demonstrated him to be an effective and energetic leader of the golf club but after his retirement living the club remained regrettable because no manager of the golf club after him brought back the years of brilliance and glory except Sir Alex Ferguson. But when we research the historical track record of Sir Alex Ferguson then it is concluded that how difficult Sir Alex Ferguson achieved this position and be an extreme and dominant innovator after facing great challenges in earlier of his life.

All certain requirements and skills required to a innovator for get together the troubles in present and future have been detailed hereinabove counting on the theories and style of leadership. Therefore, based on above thorough studies it's advocated to Sir Alex Ferguson that succession should possess the following skills and skills for effective leadership:-

Should have connection with working in same situation as is in Manchester United;

Should be diligent and hard working;

Should be able to talk the subordinates properly;

Should have the skill to evaluate the weakness and advantages of the team if any;

Should possess the capability to inspire the sub-ordinates properly and get their finest performance;

Should possess the ability to build confidence of the enthusiasts;

Should possess the ability to understand club's needs and goals;

Should own the skill and potential to work under great pressure;

Should have positive attitude towards the teams or fans;

Should have the ability to understand the requirements and needs of the organizations and enthusiasts;

Should be able to make right decision in several situations;

Should be eligible to overcome the crucial and uncertain situations;

Should possess good moral principles;

Should be supportive and participative towards supporters or groups;

Finally it's advocated that as Sir Alex Ferguson is available in the team till the next season and also know perfectly the capabilities and skills of the sub-ordinates therefore, being truly a groundbreaking and successful innovator of the golf club, he is the individual who are able to choose the succession of the Manchester United because he have a very long and health connection with working effective authority and being a highly effective leader he's the main one who knows perfectly that which one would be the succession of him and what things should be understand to the succession and now Sir Alex Ferguson has almost one season and it is sufficient time for him to get choose his succession and do working out of him if required and make him able in his existence to handle the gravity of work and this would be most productive for Sir Alex and his succession because if under the supervision of Sir Alex his succession perform excellent then Sir Alex could imagine him that he would perform good in his absence. Therefore, in my own advice Sir Alex Ferguson should choose his succession in his presence because where the club is currently is because of him therefore, he must have the right to choose his succession with his own will but keeping because goals and vacation spots of the Manchester United.

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