Organizational politics is behaviors that others perceive as self-serving practices for personal gain at the trouble of other people and possibly the organization (McShane and Von Glinow, 2009). Politics in company can be viewed as different perspective either in negative or positive view. From our question, we can identify the condition that as Steve Jobs applies political strategies to protect his valued resources, position and home image? Although CEO said Steve Jobs as a conniving backstabber because he used politics tactics to get his way, instead in positive view, the others think that the company will be out of business if he hadn't bought out the company.
However, organizational politics that happen in company have benefits and drawbacks to the company depends upon how the employee are perceived by others. Even as identified that Steve Jobs's action is the main one example of organizational politics, but his action is one of good thing for his company. It is because he sold his stocks of 1 1. 5 million which can bring goodwill for the company. On the other hand, he also show a negative point of view in organizational politics when he substituted the positioning of Apple's CEO. From our dialogue as an organization, we list out three alternatives which are maintaining romance in organization, alert to the potentially damaging facet of organizational politics, and also aiding team norms and corporate culture. From these alternatives, maintaining relationship in corporation is the best alternative to decrease the organizational politics and also can reduce turmoil within the team.
As conclusion, we can decrease the organizational politics by giving clear rules for source of information allocation, establishing a free of charge flow of information and having market leaders who as a role model of organizational citizenship.
2. 0 INTRODUCTION
The composition of a business can be established in vertical or horizontal collection among individuals and groups. Each group will symbolize their job and interdependent with other group. In a few organization, the worker choose with a competitive and self-serving situation. They are simply bond together to create small communities and are inattentive in their work. This situation make organizationan would be politics. You might understand a co-worker's attempt to influence the boss as normal tendencies however in someone view might understand the co-worker's tactic as the main one of organizational politics.
Organizational politics have been thought as action by individuals who are aimed toward the goal of furthering their own self-interests regardless of well-being of others or their business (Kacmar and Baron 1999' p. 4). Other research said that organizational politics can be considered a negative outcome for folks (Harris, Andrews, and Kacmar 2007). In other description, McShane and Von Glinow (2009) defined this is of organizational politic as business behaviors that others perceive as self-serving strategies for personal gain at the expense of other people and possibly the organization.
However, politics in organizationan can viewed as both negative and positive perspective. Everyone techniques politics in a few situation within an organization but recognized in positive point of view view, the politics are believed to have positive force within the organization. Instead, in negative perspective view, organizational politics can also influence the partnership between the leader and staff in leading to the development and success of the department in group. Different point of view shown different effect that can effect the organization patterns.
3. 0 PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION
From our critical thinking question (no. 7), the situation show that Steve Jobs is a special adviser and increase morale among Apple employees and customers, but he put in more time advising the CEO how to cut costs, redraw the organizational chart, and employ the service of new people. Most of the top people at Apple were Jobs's fellow workers, who started to systematically assess and weed out groups of Apple employees. Besides, he sold 1. 5 million shares of Apple stock he had received. This action caught the attention of Apple's table of directors, than they decide to replace the CEO with Steve Jobs. The CEO stated Jobs was a conniving backstabber who used politics tactics to get his way. Others suggest that Apple would be out of business today if he hadn't taken over the company. In our opinion, this example implies that Steve's Jobs's action can be an example of organizational politics.
From the question, we can see that Steve Job not doing his work as a special adviser and raise morale among Apple employees and customers, but he spent additional time advising the CEO. Besides, he also appeals to the attention of Apple's mother board of directors when he sold 1. 5 million stocks of Apple stock he had received. From then on, the mother board of director makes a decision to appoint Steve Jobs as a new CEO. Although the others claim that Apple would be out of business if he hadn't taken over the company, but the ex-CEO feel that he was a conniving backstabber that used political practices.
Our group recognizes the problem that as Steve Careers applies political ways of protect his appreciated resources, position and home image? Although we can easily see that Steve Careers as a conniving backstabber when we identified in negative point of view, but in positive perspective, the others think that the business will be out of business if he hadn't bought out the business.
SOURCE IN THE PROBLEM
4. 1 Explanation
From the situation identification, we can said that Steve Careers applies political startegies to safeguard his valued resources, position, and self image for himself and also give gain for the company as well. The top point to point out about organizational politics is the legitimacy of both the outcomes and the techniques used to attain them. However, organizational politics that happen in company have edge and downside for the business depends on how the employee are perceived by others. When employees understand many incidents of organizational politics, the effect is lower job satisfaction and organizational dedication as well as high levels of work-related stress.
The good thing about organizational politic that people can see is the Steve Careers will have knowledge of general political conditions prevailing in the business. The indications that available to assess political climate are basic job satisfaction levels, responsiveness to progressive ideas, and efficiency of decision making machinery and also the speed of implementation of decisions. However, understanding is the important key for leaders to exploit and smoother organizational politics and also to improve their own leadership trustworthiness.
But not all the organizational politic have advantages, additionally it is have the cons such as lowering loyalty and increasing concentrate on personal interest, hoarding of information and control, increased worrying about status and recognized slights, less constructive criticism and opinions and also defensiveness about errors and blunders.
However, organizational life is definitely and also be characterized by politics. The task for the first choice is to learn how to play the overall game while simultaneously hoping to improve and enhance the rule as well as for organizations is always to ensure that politics do not prevent them from changing and adapting to new challenges. In cases like this, Steve Careers use the organizational politic for himself and then for the company. That why, they can sold 1. 5 million stocks of Apple stock he previously received and at exactly the same time caught the attention of Apple's plank of director. So with this step, Steve Careers can replace the CEO and run the business to achive the company goal.
5. 0 LEARNING OUTCOMES
From this project, you should be able to explain the meaning of organizational politics. Although we can see the definition of organizational politics will vary from the other point of view but the meaning is always similar to each other.
Besides, in this task you ought to be in a position to list some benefits and drawbacks of using the organizational politics in the company.
From this project, you have the ability to start to see the some alternative that people used to solve this problem. We will probably list out three alternatives to resolve the problem about organizational politic that happen in company. We can see two different views either in positive or negative view when someone does indeed politic practices in firm. From these three alternatives, we could chosen the best one alternative to solve this problem. The best choice is depends which one can be good solution to resolve this problem.
6. 0 GENERATE ALTERNATIVES
As we identified that Steve Jobs's action is the main one example of organizational politic, but his action is the main one of good thing for his company. It is because he sold his stocks of just one 1. 5 million which can bring a very important thing for the business's name. Additionally it is can draw in a whole lot of shareholder to invest in the business. But he actually used politics methods since he was not sincere and honest in providing their shares. Because of his action, the planks of directors decide to replace the CEO with Steve Careers. This example shows a terrible part of organizational politics that happen in APPLE MACKINTOSH specifically for Apple's CEO.
From this is of organizational politic, it is behaviors that other perceive as self-serving strategies for personal gain at the trouble of other folks and possibly the organizational. The change of CEO position is an individual gain for Steve Jobs however, not for the ex-Apple's CEO. So, one of the alternatives that can solve this issue is maintaining interactions in company because the effective politics that happen in company is not about winning whatsoever situations but about centering the human relationships while obtaining our goals.
Other alternatives, is to be alert to the potentially damaging aspects of organizational politics in order to reduce their negative impact. Of course, specific within organizations can spend your time overly engaging in political action. So, the boards of directors need to see their employees frequently and also to ensure they are doing their work not the other's work.
Last however, not least, the other option to solve this issue is encouraging team norms and corporate culture. Whenever we are promoting team norms and coporate culture, it can reduce discord and stress within the team. It is because each member in team will come along with his or her guidelines, attitudes, worth and personality style. So, the organizational politic that happen in company can be minimize as well.
Although the bad thing of organizational politics is happened when Steve Jobs replace the CEO position, generally at exactly the same time, the good thing is happened for the organization.
7. 0 CHOOSE ALTERNATIVE
From the three alternatives that receive, one of the alternatives is the best the one that can solve the bad thing of organizational politics that happen in Apple Company. The best choice is maintaining human relationships among the staff in organization. This is because the effective politics that happen in firm is not about receiving whatsoever situations but about centering the connections while reaching same goals.
The office is one of the most typical places for issues and also for organizational politics occurred. So, employees need to socialize more with the co-worker because people in the workplace work collaboratively. We have to know that all individual or section in company doesn't have their own goals because everyone works and can take an effort to achieve a typical goal for the benefit for the business. So, Steve Jobs need to maintain harmony romance with ex-Apple's CEO, so that it can decrease the conflict and improve the cooperation between them.
Morever, Jobs's action that sold his show and attracts the interest of board of director is the main one of good thing that presents his effort to achive a company's goal. Though it is an example of organizational politic but it's a positive thing for the business because the others suggest that Apple would be out of business if he hadn't taken over the company
Besides, the concept of 'organizational politics' identifies any patterns and process that are considered incorrect and unfavorable for the organization. So, to be able to make it through in, we must learn how to 'go with the circulation' or 'play the game. '
8. 0 TEAM REFLECTION
As a team, we have worked in an extremely good team and everyone contain the opportunity to communicate his / her shared in numerous ideas, facts and learning problems with we without their ideas being ridiculed. Each team member will let others to finish talking in presenting some idea before sharing his / her opinion or nurturing a question and non-judgmental of other member, and also happy to listen to others' views.
Each team member exists in every discourse and ready to take part. We do the discourse at the Sultan Abdul Samad Main Catalogue every Wed around 2 or 3 3 hours. We learned a fresh topic about Organizational Politics and we discuss it on the list of member in our team to solve the problem. We've also learned how to work in a team and get assignment done promptly to complete the project that distributed by our lecturer. During the discussion, none folks sit quietly without offering any ideas or speak about other things, however they are given efforts or give their views or comment in our topic.
In addition, we've divided the responsibilities to each person in our group member and we knew that everyone can be accountable and get his or her work done promptly. Each team member do the study or work that are given to him or her. In are a team, we get cooperate to work effectively and affectively.
In this group, we are receiving very deeper, friendly and nurturing with each other because all customers in this group are from different record and category.
9. 0 CONCLUSION
Organizational politics refers to influence strategies that others understand to be self-serving behaviours at the expense of others and sometimes contrary to the interests of the complete business on work device. Apple's CEO must have more control over the personnel whose Steve Jobs is in fact to serve as a particular adviser and raise morale among Apple employees and customers, but he has used political tactics to spent additional time advising the CEO of the company. Organizational politics is more prevelent when scarce resources are allocated using complicated and ambigious decisions so when the organizational tolerates or rewards politics behavior. Steve Careers with high need for personal electricity and strong Machiavellian beliefs have a higher propensity to use political methods. Steve Jobs is great as an employee because he has sold stocks of 1 1. 5 million and escalates the company's name Apple. He actually was required to use political techniques since his motives are not honest and honest in selling their shares, this step caught the attention of Apple's plank directors as a CEO is not good.
Organizational politics can be minimized by providing clear guidelines for reference allocation, establishing a free circulation of information using education and participation during organizational change, aiding team norms and a corporate culture that discourage dysfunctional politics, and having leaders who a role model organizational citizenship alternatively than politics savvy. CEO of Apple would also have to measure the characteristics of an individual whether it's honest or honest in a given job before employ the service of or promote someone.
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