The role of any manager has much exceeded what has been explained in previous years by traditional theorist Henry Fayol. In today's organizations, managers are faced with the complexities of your dynamic environment where changes happen therefore of its inner and external surroundings. Therefore the manager's role differs across organizational levels and functions. Organizations have goals and objectives which they make an effort to achieve and these can be arrived at by having a coordinated effort of the individuals in the organization.
An organization will not can be found in isolation, it consists of a collective group of individuals working alongside one another to realize its goals and targets.
It is which means responsibility of the manager to ensure these goals and goals are achieved against the background of varying worker needs, government policies, investment decisions, different devices/departments and bureaucracy, where such is accessible. This makes the manager's role highly complex because they will have to consider the implications with their activities and an important skill they have to develop is managing change (Hannagan T, 2008). These changes appear therefore of its inside and external conditions such as changes in administration and economic regulations, cultural issues, technology inventions, change in consumer demand, rivals and labour unions. To be able to maintain a competitive advantages over its market rivals, a director must be creative and impressive in establishing company policies, set ups and ways of working.
What is Management?
Management can be defined as a process that involves combining functions of planning, organizing, directing and managing to the effective and effective use of all available material, financial, informational and recruiting in order to accomplish stated organizational goals. (Hannagan T, 2008). Management is approximately utilizing resources that is available through proper planning and arranging. Many people are a administrator because at any point in ones life, is controlling his/her home, resources or friends/co-workers or bosses whom they interact with. All these attempts are directed towards a goal that will be achieved. Naylor (2004) observed five important elements in defining what management is usually to be: Achieving organizational goals; In just a changing environment; Balancing efficiency, Effectiveness and equity; Acquiring the most from limited resources and with and through other folks.
The Role of your Manager
The roles of the manager has improved over the years and although in organizations today, the tasks played by professionals have far vanished beyond that of planning, organizing, direct, coordinating and controlling as identified by the traditional writer ''Fayol'' (1916), these functions can't be totally ignored. The important thing to note is the fact that managers play a very crucial role on the success of organizations and their actions have implications which make them accountable with their superiors. Mintzberg (1973) and lots of other scholars have criticized the classical functions of management, nevertheless, you might concur that managers today perform a number of tasks which includes those functions described above. The role of managers have become more complex and interactive as Mintzberg known.
According to Mintzberg (1973) study, the fundamental functions of the principle Executive are not good information of the classical views of management. He acknowledged the activities of a manager predicated on ten managerial tasks which were split into: Interpersonal functions- Figurehead, Innovator and Liaison, Informational roles-Monitor, Disseminator and Spokesman, and Decisional roles-Entrepreneur, Disturbance handler, Source of information allocator and Negotiator.
Evident by Mintzberg's study which targets top level managers, the roles of an supervisor, though similar, differ in line with the levels and functions in the organization. The jobs performed by a manager changes as he increases in the hierarchy in one level to some other. A role of any Chief Executive will involve planning, plan formulation and implementation, networking with outsiders and decision making. A middle director will be involved in arranging and allocating work, motivating employees, communication, negotiations and more. The lower level managers are interacting with delegating, staffing issues, record keeping and monitoring outcome.
A manager is also in charge of managing all resources which include employees in the organization. A manager should ensure resources are well-organized and efforts are coordinated effectively and proficiently in alignment with company strategies and aims. A manager's role involves getting things done through other people (Parker Follet, 1941 cited in Hannagan T, 2008).
In today's competitive and global world, where changes in our environments have dominated our lives and then for businesses, innovation sometimes appears as an important role to be played by professionals. A manager needs to create new ideas for his company to be able to make it through in this highly competitive market. Most successful companies like Apple, Nokia, Toyota and Virgin Airlines are attaining success through their improvements in technology, strategies and business models which is providing them with competitive advantages.
Generally, the role of professionals should be determined by the organizations industry level and present situation. When work methods and procedures change constantly, controlling change becomes the main management feature.
Why management is very important to organizations.
All organizations have goals in which they make an effort to achieve. Such goals may be to make gains, increase market share or show price. These goals can only be performed if all efforts are properly coordinated by management.
The success or inability of any business lies in the hands of its management. It is therefore the role of the manager to make good use of the resources they have at its removal effectively and proficiently to guide the business towards achieving its goals. A manager designs a highly effective plan of activities which is intended for the achievement of the goals and ensures that these activities are effectively given to competent employees/members to execute. This may ensure higher performance and upsurge in productivity of every worker that may contribute to the entire success of organizational goals and goals.
Management plays a pivotal role which can't be disregarded whatsoever as they provide the guiding compass to give direction the business will take, to position itself and take advantage of the marketplace in by capitalizing on its strengths, stopping weaknesses, identify its opportunities and mitigate the threats. It also supplies the following:-
Ensures organization goal is achieved - efficiency in goods and services production
Design and keep maintaining stability of operations of the organization
Optimum utilization of resources
Helps in achieving group goals
Strategy making and adapting in a controlled way to changes in the organization
Serve the key information link between the environment
Essential for properity of the society
2. Why is it important for managers to understand inspiration and how do this
improve organizational performance?
Motivation is a crucial aspect atlanta divorce attorneys organization and as effective managers, we need to focus not only on complex issues, but also people issues. Everyone is a unique creature which explains the difference in their patterns and frame of mind to particular situations in work environment. The Manager's role in organizations will involve dealing with people and getting things done through people. Therefore, in order to be successful in its implementation, it's important for managers with an understanding of the functions of motivational theories of people's needs to become able to influence the worker's behaviour to improve performance and achieve maximum outcome in the attainment of company's goals.
WHAT IS Inspiration?
''Motivation can be regarded as a set of pushes that energize, direct and sustain behavior''. (Michael A. Hitt, Dark colored, S. J, and Porter, L. W, 2009). These causes can be internal or external. Motivation is concerned with what makes people react the way they are doing and why they act in a particular manner. In every organization, individual frame of mind and action vary as a result of differing individual needs, preferences, anticipations, track record and culture which depends upon what motivates them. Every action is always motivated by a pressure of thoughts and emotions that makes or drives us to do certain things which depends on this condition.
Understanding motivation to improve Performance
In modern times, there's been much matter over employee drive. People are seen as the important asset an organization has and the methods to achieving increased performance and therefore, there is the need to motivate these individuals to be able to get the best out of these. Corresponding to Kreitner et al cited in mullins, 2007, it was suggested that although inspiration plays a part in work performance, potential to perform the job is also a adding factor. But to ensure that the job is done, managers must ensure that the workers are highly motivated. It has become a challenge for professionals to meet organizations' goals and also satisfying the needs of the employees for motivation and reward to accomplish effective production. ( Manolopoulos, 2007).
The basic motivation theories have been categorized into two types thus:-
Process theory - make clear the different factors that affect just how a person works. its focus is on how these parameters motivate a person's effort. It offers four important ideas that depict how determination occurs which can be Needs-goal theory, Expectancy theory, Equity theory and Porter-Lawler theory. Each one of these theories rely on one another to give a broader perception of the desire process. That's, a blend of individual's understanding of fair treatment, Person needs and Anticipations on work result and pay back.
Content theories targets what different needs people have and the way to satisfy these needs. The center point is on individual needs and understanding that the needs of specific vary. The various theories developed to provide better understanding are: Maslow and Alderfer's hierarchy of needs, McClelland's bought needs theory and Herzberg's two-factor theory. These ideas consider both interior and external factors that contain an effect on action. (certo and certo, 2005; Hitt, Black color, and Porter, 2009).
People have different perspectives on inspiration and so does indeed their reaction. Also. According to the needs-goal theory, specific needs differ. So when folks are given rewards that are not highly relevant to them, they aren't motivated. For example, when an employee from a wealthy qualifications who gets enough money from his/her parents would be less motivated by a higher pay. Perhaps, he/she could be more motivated by a higher level or general population recognition. If a manager wants to achieve motivating employees, a knowledge of their personal needs is necessary.
Some people are of the thoughts and opinions that an worker is encouraged by an increased pay which improves his level of performance and thus output. However in practical reality, it's not so.
Organizations are mainly concerned with the actual performance of people or group and be concerned less in what really motivates them to perform effectively.
Motivation depends on one's culture. For countries like Japan, Greece and Mexico (where uncertainty avoidance is strong), security is top on their hierarchy needs. Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Netherland that have high quality of life would have interpersonal needs at the very top. However, some studies are of the idea that there surely is a universal importance of basic factors in the motivation-hygiene theory. These essential factors like growth, success, responsibility and desire for interesting work are rated high to almost all workers, regardless of their nationwide culture. (Robbins, 1996 cited in Billsberry, 1996).
Managers who can successfully motivate their employees are rewarded by an increasing performance from the employees. However, this isn't easy to accomplish. There are specific conditions which can effect the motivation level of many employees, either family or personal circumstances, and these can greatly influence their attitudes and degree of performance. Therefore, with a knowledge of these motivations, managers have opportunity to effect on the performance of those who work with and then for them if indeed they understand the essential principles involved in the motivational process. (mgt. 2009).
While it is an important factor to understand what motivates an individual, we should also consider the individual's potential in doing what he is encouraged to do. If this is absent, it greatly undermines performance.
1. What's the importance of good structure? Critically analyze how structure
relates to the entire effectiveness of a business. Illustrate your key
arguments with organizationally based examples.
Different organizations are present and regardless of their size and type, need a certain framework that will guide them to carry out activities in order to attain their goals.
What is Organizational Framework?
Like the human body which really is a skeletal composition that consists of bones, organs and tissue that connect together to allow the body to perform activities, an organizational framework is that platform that was created to ensure that all activities are controlled and carried out in a planned, organized and managed manner. It identifies each individual's task and tasks and the links of communication within the many subunits. Framework is a guide that shows the flow of work on the list of positions and among users of the business (mullins 2007). That is, the relationship between the different levels and subunits and how each unit's work influences the other.
An organizational composition should assimilate the systems, personnel and activities so that everyone and every activity is aimed on the same goal of reaching the organizational goals.
Importance of a Good Structure
A firm's composition suggests its formal reporting links, strategies, power, control and functions in decision making. It really is usually problematic for an organization to develop a structure that helps its strategy because of unpredictable elements in the global competitive surroundings. When structure has been properly aligned with the surroundings, the business can effectively implement its strategies, hence, a good composition.
A great challenge facing organizations today in the global market is developing the right composition. This has become a significant determinant for organizations to succeed in the global market. The hierarchical framework of command, power and control unveiled by classical article writer Max weber, implemented by organizations brings about a number of inefficiencies in their functions because it does not recognize the need for work and folks integration and as a result of rigidity, it generally does not create room for change and co-operation among employees.
According to weber, hierarchy results in department of labour, allocation of authority among organizational positions. Some people noticed this as a badly masked attempt to legitimize unequal syndication of power which allows some people dominate others.
This form of structure was regarded as static. The wide open systems theory unveiled the theory that encouraged types of growth and change in organizational constructions. Also, more dynamic views of structure have been introduced by symbolic and postmodern perspectives. (Hatch 1997).
Organizations ought to be organised effectively to make it through in today's competitive world because, an organization's composition greatly determines the potency of its strategy and its own efficiency. Evident in recent researches, a firm's composition should be made to be in condition using its operating environment in order to achieve greater success. The effective implementation of firm's strategies however, depends upon how organizations carefully come up with the firm and its own activities.
In developing a structure, organizations need a contingency approach that will ensure flexibility in dealing with unanticipated obstacles. Some organizations adopt a centralized or decentralized structure which both has its advantages as well as cons with respect to the environment it is functioning.
Another structure followed by companies today is the network framework which allows companies to outsource its development or call middle operations to other parts of the world. A good example of a company. . . It must ensure that close contact is maintained with the firms it includes outsourced its work to. This type of composition is important because organizations have alliances, suppliers and customers they have to be in close contact with.
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