Climate change is becoming one of the most crucial aspects of our day to day lives as it has a profound effect on our systems and the overall physical condition of humanity. Such unprecedented change in the local climate has led to extreme catastrophes such as hurricanes, floods, outrageous fires, etc. Losing brought on by such damages is not limited by the general public, but is further passed on to industry, which thrives on the concept of underwriting investments.
The industries primary idea is to quantify the doubt of an unforeseen event. But as these incidents are growing in consistency and size, it'll continue to task the sustainability of insurance companies. Inevitably, it'll transfer the responsibility to the insurance purchaser, as insurance companies will seek higher premiums because of their products, that will only make it less affordable for the public to afford essential insurance coverage. In this essay we will discuss the various challenges that the industry encounters scheduled to climate change, the possible ways to mitigate the threats, and then your range of more opportunities arising out of the given change.
Climate change can be seen as a danger to many insurance firms in the long-term as well as the short-term. IPCC (2007) has affirmed a rise in the rate of recurrence of the catastrophe in the modern times. Insurance claims working into billions of dollars can result in a huge dent in this industry, which makes up up-to 10% of the united states economy. It is only natural for insurance firms to demand higher high quality for those asserts. Which face high risks, which makes it less affordable to the market. The chairman of Lloyd's of London quoted that "climate change is the quantity- one concern for that massive insurance group". And also Europe's largest insurance company, Allianz, stated "climate change stands to increase covered losses from extreme incidents in an average time by 37% within only a 10 years" (Hawker, 2007, p. 28).
In the past, insurance companies have relied on past data to formulate insurance policies. But such a practice has only caused high losses as the environment is changing in an instant way. Warren buffet pointed out "insurance firms cant simply extrapolate previous experience. If there is a is truly global warming, for example, the chances would move, since little changes in atmospheric conditions can produce momentous changes in weather patterns'".
Therefore new techniques such as risk management system (RMS) are used thoroughly by insurance industry for examining and managing risks.
Hurricane Andrew induced a lack of $23 billion to insurers as they established their procedures after counting on past data. However, the same industry acquired a much smaller impact when hurricane strike the US seacoast in 20004 and 2005, as they used future risk models such as RMS to formulate policies (Herweiger et. al. , 2009).
Climate change causes increase destruction and costs as ever increasing level and long lasting wildfires are creating more cases and property damages. Such regularity and magnitude of potential losses can jeopardize the solvency of insurance and reinsurance companies.
Sustainability can be covered if the given risks are dealt with adequately. Insurance industries have a brief history of fostering practices and technologies to reduce risks. Some of the possible and effective ways to mitigate hazards are, firstly, a lesser premium can be costed from customers of electric motor insurance who drive hybrid automobiles or use "pay as you drive" program. Special benefits can get to customers who buy vehicles jointly to use them under car pool system. Second, a close association with government firms to improve land use planning, better management of forestry agriculture and wet lands can assist in having a sensible growth that does not put to much pressure on natural resources. Collaboration with private contractors to promote, much better building codes, which insure minimum damage to the environment, lower energy requirements and long-term sturdiness. Thirdly, building consciousness amidst clients and formulation of open public policy. Companies can offer information and education to customers about the hazardous ramifications of violating regulations of nature. Assessment should get to key and secondary industry to lessen their effect on their immediate environment. .
Many insurers have previously made investment funds in green assignments like renewable energy, energy efficiency, forestry tasks and green funds to ensure that their customers receive coverage and also conserving them from large statements (Mills, 2007, p. 7). Advertising of voluntary energy saving and energy conserving codes can lessen our reliance on state electrical supply.
Active participation from insurance providers such as AIG offer its Private Consumer Group a service in which crews are deployed to use open fire retardant in areas such as Colorado which are threatened by wildfire.
Climate change can confirm as an extremely big chance for insurance providers as the unpredictable weather can threaten their customers and lead them to insuring their resources. Nonetheless they must modify timely & effectively.
Responding to improve is important as it brings opportunities. Insurance companies should develop new alternatives and introduce insurance of new belongings and risks for his or her customers changing needs. It is also seen that the Insurance industry is at regular search of better profits for its vast purchases. In this regard it could take good thing about the opportunities available in choice energy resources as it is an excellent investment as frequent technological developments make this it less expensive and attractive for the general public.
Introducing new products such as risk based costs under which insurance costs are charged according to their risk subjection. For normal policies, premium is recharged by keeping various factors at hand, but the prime is standard for those, & no factor is given to a policy holders risk coverage. For example- buying car insurance in UK, Any individual above age 21 is charged a simple insurance top quality which is more or less standard. However when it comes to providing protection plans to an individual below age 21, the policy premium is incurred at a much higher rate, as the probability of an accident is a lot higher as these new motorists are typically inexperienced.
Another opportunity comes from talk about help, in form of promotion, because If a lot of the populace do not make sure their properties then in case of a catastrophe, the financial burden will fall season on the state insurers, so to save from this burden, governments promote and favour private insurance firms. Thus which makes it profitable for private insurance providers as well as the government.
Some of the possible ways to tap the available opportunity are firstly by energy saving insurance, which is given to promoters of energy efficient projects to protect them from reduction anticipated to underachievement of predicted energy efficiency. Second by engine insurance where packages such as 'pay as you drive' insurance receive, where cover is given for the a long way driven. This helps to reduce mls driven by 10 %10 % to 15 % and also reduces injuries. Thirdly by renewable building insurance, insurance techniques for structures that adhere to green, eco friendly codes. Fourthly by micro insurance, where in fact the majority of the populace living below poverty brand, cannot afford insurance of any variety. Therefore new deals for this section of the society can help capture a very large customer foundation. Fifthly by buying alternative energy sources
As they can help get a much higher dividends to the surplus investable capital of insurance firms, as this sector retains great guarantee for better, cleaner & greener energy, through technological innovations. And lastly by improved id of flood plains will promote insurance purchasing in the proclaimed areas.
After discovering the implications of weather change on the insurance industry, I have shown above, the risks & opportunities that the insurance firms face.
By checking both edges of the discussion, I assume that the insurance industry faces more threats than opportunities anticipated to climate change. An ever-increasing catastrophe rate, sparked by extreme environment change has lead to increased financial losses, reduced customer base & in some case instances complete wipe out of companies. Therefore it is only befitting these companies to mitigate these hazards to be able to make sure sustainability.
In the given scenario, there also are present enough opportunities to develop new business models and increase earnings through new procedures, modified & competitive rates. Many untapped market segments, which stay untouched by industry, can provide high earnings. Adequate assets in research and technology will be good for the industry. Most importantly, a close association with the general public, government organizations & private sector organization will help the insurance industry to protect itself from the hazards of environment change and offer sufficient chance to grow in size.