Concerns in Implementing Biometric Technology

Though this seems to be an edge, the integration of the system into the existing system is tiresome. Some of the major concerns in applying biometric technology are as follows,

  1. The system depends on complex data handling algorithms which consumes considerable amount of time.
  2. Lack of developing and integration of special purpose hardware in the prevailing system.
  3. Adoption of biometric technology in the day-to-day life is slow-moving.

A new way that is attaining attention in the field of biometrics is referenced as behavioral biometrics, also referenced as behaviometrics. The behaviometrics concentrate on analysis the patterns of an individual while getting together with the computer and try to authenticate him.

The hardware Mouse capable of screen the actions of the user and analyzing these to extract a personal, which is exclusive for each individuals [4]-[6]. Generally there two types of authentication method available in the mouse dynamics,

  1. Static authentication
  2. Dynamic authentication

The main power of mouse dynamics biometric technology is within its potential to continuously screen the genuine and illegitimate users based on their session consumption of any computer system. That is known as continuous authentication. Ongoing authentication, or individuality confirmation predicated on mouse dynamics, is very useful for continuous monitoring applications such as intrusion recognition [5]-[8].


Extensive research has been manufactured in the field of utilising the oe of the computer source devices, Mouse, towards development of interface design composition [10]. Only in the recent times, the mouse dynamics is further improvised as behavior biometric technology.

The previous try out ware designed to review the user's identification based on the mouse gesture research. Initially, the amount of participants because of this prgramme is around 48[12]. The system is focused on both static and powerful method of authentication, but later the system exclusively tried to build up the ongoing authentication because for static authentication where in the need of special purpose design of GUI and utilization of certain predefined form of personal. Gamboa et al conducted similar experiments to learn the user's activities while participating in a memory game. These are 50 participants mixed up in experiment. A sequential ahead selection technique based on the greedy algorithm was simply used for the best solitary feature later add one feature at the same time to the feature vector. Gamboa et al[5] proven that upsurge in the movements (relationships), the greater accurate the id process would be. But, we cant utilize this method of the static authentication type because Gamboa et al[5] reported that the storage game had taken 10-15 min in average.

The main issues with these studies are the bare minimum amount of mouse moves required to authenticate an user was improbable. This method retains well for customer reauthentication or ongoing authentication but failed in static authentication. So, further work has to be done in neuro-scientific Mouse gesture dynamics: a patterns biometric [18],

[19]. Our work is to recognize the user predicated on their handwriting patterns. There are significant amount of research work was manufactured in the field of discovering the user predicated on his handwriting. The complete work process has been split into two functions: signature verification and user recognition.

The pilot experiment where in fact the 50 sufficient users are allowed to hint and their personal is later used to identify them. The individuals are wanted to draw eight different gesture and all of them twenty times. The exact same eight gestures are being used throughout the entire process and the users are advised to attract the strokes in a single stroke. By learning pilot experiment meticulously, we can understand pursuing facts which play essential role inside our work and they're the following.

  1. The average gesture size drawn was made up of 64 data details in a single stroke.
  2. Some participant will hint faster as they time goes and this cause departure from other normal tendencies.
  3. The raw data contained sounds that must be filtered before control.
  4. The users were recommended to be as constant with the variability in condition and size. These modifications were clearly an important way to obtain inconsistency.

In our paper, we provide security against shoulder browsing on by toggling between the visibilities of the personal and also we offer additional security features like anonymous security password feature.


Based on the facts, we from pilot experiment, we divided our complete work into following modules.

  1. Input gesture and test modules
  2. Gesture processing
  3. Extraction and acquisition of data points
  4. Anonymous Password feature

A. Suggestions gesture and Test modules

The source gesture creation component and sample component is simple pulling screen that used to ask the participant to easily draw a couple of predefined gestures. The primary reason for this module is to help make the participant familiar with the system also to draw them in his own way which is to reproduce them down the road. So, the gestures aren't destined to any specified language plus they do not necessarily have a so this means.

The suggestions gesture creation and sample module helps the user in two various ways. First, it moves the input sketching to the center of the area. Though the shifting of the attracted gesture is done, the data factors are gathered without keeping these changes.

Second, the component steps the gesture spacing to accomplish a size of 64 data details. These 64 data factors were predicated on the pilot experiment. As mentioned early, we were able to determine the common size of drawing the predefined set of gestures in one stroke.

B. Gesture Processing

Once, the data is gathered how these signatures are revised for further use. What exactly are the steps mixed up in process of switching the user personal into their related data items are well briefed in this section.

The signature collected from the pulling area involves three main components,

  1. the horizontal coordinate (x-axis),
  2. vertical coordinate (y-axis), and
  3. the elapsed amount of time in milliseconds at each pixel.

Each gesture replication for a given gesture can be discovered as the collection of data details and all of them is represented by way of a triple consisting of the X-coordinate, Y-coordinate, and elapsed time, respectively. For instance, the jth replication of the gesture G can be represented as a sequence

Gj = , , . . . < xnj, ynj, tnj >,

where n is referred to as the gesture size (GS) and each where (1‰ i ‰ n) is a data point.

C. Extraction and acquisition of datapoints

The extraction and acquisition of data factors module consists of three main components, namely, data acquisition, data planning, and data storage space and authentication.

1) Data Acquisition: This module presents the gestures, which was created at first by an individual in the suggestions gesture creation module, and displays them to the user to reproduce. The module files the user's drawing while he interact with the computer. This module essentially documents the signature in three components, horizontal coordinates denoted by xij, vertical coordinates denoted by yij, and the elapsed time in milliseconds beginning with the foundation of the gesture tij, as explained in the insight gesture module. For each user, the application form creates individual folder filled with all the replication of different gestures. Each gesture must be replicated a specific number of that time period (eg. , 20 times). The user has to wait for minimum amount 3 s between each replication which is to prevent the user from attracting the gesture too fast. We believed that the put it off time and mouse release will power the users back to his normal acceleration and behavior each time they replicate the gesture.

2) Data Preprocessing: This component is to process the accumulated data points in such a way it reduces to noise in it. The user's signature may be shakened or jagged during attracting. They could lead to inconsistencies in the process of data point series. You will find two varieties of normalization techniques which should be applid first before lowering the noise patterns. The foremost is middle normalization which shifts the gesture to the guts of the sketching area. The idea behind this tranisition is that an individual may have a tendency to draw his personal at any spot of the drawing area so we have to process the signature from any any area of the area. So, it is a good idea to go all the gestures to the center of pulling area. The second reason is size normalization which alters how big is the gesture so that the final size is equal to the size of the template gesture to be able to compare the two gestures later. If the size of gesture is larger than the template size then k means algorithm is utilized to reduce its size. The k means algorithm varieties 64 clusters of data things first, take the centroids of each cluster as the datapoints.

To take away the outliners and noise in each replication, data smoothing techniques are presented. The user cant draw same signature without changing its size and condition under multiple situations. So, the data smoothing takes away the variations in the signature. We use the standard weighted least-squares regression (WLSR) method to smooth the info and Peirce's criterion [21] to eliminate the outliers.

3) Data Safe-keeping and authentication

The collected data tips are further stored in the database for each and every use. The database is capable of keeping all the replication of gestures of an individual which he inserted during the insight gesture and test module. When the user entered the signature during the authentication time, all the replication gesture would be compared.

is one of the imminent devastation in these modern specialized world. Information extortion occurs when an attacker took the password and other authentication information from an individual forcibly. Neither the original text-based security password system nor biometric systems provide easy way-out of this. Regardless of the security password is a text, fingerprint or iris activities it could be taken by pressure.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)