Corporate Information Systems
Features of corporate information systems (CIS) form technologies to support management standards (MRP I, ERP, ERP II, ISO-9000, etc.). Corporate information technologies (service-oriented architecture, corporate databases and large-scale data warehouses, high-performance heterogeneous computer system, intranet, information security and data protection, open architecture for building software and hardware systems of CIS, application of methods of simulation and data mining ( Data Mining, Business Intelligence, etc.), emphasis on integration with the external environment). The most effective variant is the adaptation of the circulating software products of KEY which contain a set of typical functional modules, a repository of reference models for business processes, electronic document forms, tools for configuring and developing CIS.
SAP R/3 Corporate Information System
This is the most popular corporate information system that provides support for business processes in various industries and uses modern information technology.
Basic module (basic system, BC). It forms the basis of the system configuration and configuration of the functional structure of the CIS, monitors the functioning of the SAP R/3 system; system maintenance (database update, user registration, transaction logging, etc.); management of the system of access control; print management; installation and configuration of DBMS; generation of reports; electronic document management, etc. The module includes an integrated development environment for applications ABAP/4, as well as tools for business design R/3 for building the reference model R/3 and the organization of the flow of business operations.
FI module (financial accounting) is designed for accounting and tax accounting. Financial accounting is represented by components: General ledger - the main accounting register; Accounts Payable - the main records of suppliers, posting documents, displaying postings in the balance sheet, aligning open items, settling accounts with suppliers, etc .; Accounts Receivable - basic records of customers, posting documents, displaying postings to the balance sheet, clearing open items, down payments, loans, etc .; basic records and accounting of fixed assets, valuation and depreciation of fixed assets; operations to close the accounting registers with a certain periodicity (day, month, year), record keeping and reporting, tax deductions; information system of finance.The CO module (controlling) is used for management accounting (internal reporting) in the context of orders, technological redistributions or detailed operations, costing, calculating and analyzing profits.
The IM module (investment management) serves to manage investments in fixed assets of the enterprise.
The TR module (financial management) manages finance and budget: short-term financial planning, forecasting, liquidity control (initial data - current state of accounts, analysis of personal accounts) ; medium- and long-term financial planning and liquidity control at the enterprise level, corporation (initial data - information on FI business transactions); medium- and long-term financial planning and liquidity control at the level of business areas.
The EU module (information system) supports information technologies for making managerial decisions (analysis of the correspondence of real data to planned indicators, the search for reasons for deviations, analysis of situations) and accounting of employees and units , whose effective operations generate profits.
The LO module (logistics) provides decision support based on analysis of accounting and planning data on the flow of material flows, associated with SD, MM, RR, etc. the module manages the business processes of purchasing materials, manufacturing products, forming stocks, maintenance (repair), quality of products, works and services.
The SD module (sales) monitors business sales processes (shipping, shipping, billing of supplies). It is interconnected with the MM modules (checking the availability and accounting of shipment of material assets) and FI (accounting for the credit line limit, accounting for sales income).
The PP module (production planning) is intended for planning and managing the production of products, works and services: the integrated planning of production and marketing of products; long-term planning; developing a production program; planning of material requirements and production capacities; planning of production orders (production orders); maintenance of design specifications and technological routes; control over work centers; accounting and costing of production costs, etc.The MM module (material management) provides management of business processes: purchase (purchase) of basic materials, material requirements planning, contractual company and placing of orders for the supply of materials , stock management in a warehouse, inventory of materials, control of basic information about materials in the database, management of warehouse operations, etc.
Using mySAP.com, you can integrate business processes over the Internet with Web services.
The concept of mySAP.com covers four areas:
• personalized user workplace using a web browser - inySAP.com Workplace - access to all applications is supported, a Workplace Portal portal is used;
• synchronized open market mySAP.com Marketplace - an open marketplace with which the company offers its products and services, intercompany integration of business processes;
• MySAP.com industry-specific business scenarios for e-commerce, customer relationship management, logistics chain processing, enterprise strategic management (Customer Relationship Management (CRM) applications allow client-oriented processing of business transactions.)>
An indicative list of industry scenarios includes Business-to-Business Procurement and Selling, Business-to-Consumer Selling, Supply Chain Management, Relationship Management with Customer Relationship Management, Business Information Warehouse, Strategic Enterprise Management, Corporate Finance Management and Knowledge Management, Logistics, Financials ), Human Resources.
You can use application hosting, implement innovative concepts of outsourcing (attraction and use of intermediary services - Outsoucing, Application Hosting). The introduction of mySAP.com is aimed at optimizing the economic impact of investments in CIS by improving business processes, increasing productivity and expanding economic activity. In 2004, a new SAP Net Weaver software platform was developed, which includes: Enterprise Portal (a platform for portal enterprise solutions); Process Integration (formerly Exchange Infrastucture) is an enterprise-level integration solution; Mobile Infrastructure (former Mobile Engine) - platform for implementing applications for mobile devices; Business Intelligence (formerly Business Warehouse) - a platform for creating corporate data warehouses and business intelligence; Knowledge Management - knowledge management platform; Master Data Management - a system for maintaining reference information at the enterprise level; Application Server is the platform for running all other SAP Net Weaver products and other SAP products (such as SAP ERP-R/3).
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