Defining a slide design
The art design of each slide and the whole presentation can be quickly set by selecting one of the design templates and layout layouts offered by PowerPoint . Along with this, the user can change any of the parameters of the selected template, as well as create his own design models (background, color scheme of the slide, ways of placing objects on the slide, etc.). To do this, in the Format menu section, you can define the background color, text and lines, shadows (if you use shadows in the design of the slide objects), text of headings, fill in pictures, select a hyperlink, etc.
To select a color, texture, pattern, or pattern for the slide background, use the Background command of the Format menu. In the Background dialog box, you can define the way to fill the slide background - automatically (ie from the proposed template) or choose colors and methods of filling (Options Colors ... and Fill Methods ...) (Figure 15.14).
Fig. 15.14. (end)
Not only the background, but any slide object can be filled (filled) with a uniform or iridescent color (with shades), as well as a pattern, texture or pattern. To change the fill in the Background dialog box, click on the list button, then choose Fill Methods, go to one of the Gradient, Texture, Pattern, or Drawing tabs. To restore the background color and the default fill, use the Auto button.
To change the color of any slide object that is included in the color scheme, you must select one of the eight basic colors. To change the color that is not included in the color scheme, you need to click the Other Colors button. On the Normal tab that opens, select the desired color, on the Spectrum tab, you can even more accurately determine the desired color (Figure 15.15).
Fig. 15.15. Color Selection Dialog Box
You can quickly change the background colors, how to fill a slide, and the text color using the corresponding buttons on the Drawing toolbar (at the bottom of the working window of the program).
Applying each of the changes made to the current slide is done by clicking on the Apply button, if desired, you can apply these changes to all slides of the presentation - you must select the Apply to all option.
When choosing a slide design, it is necessary to choose the right combination of colors for the background and font (in particular, it is recommended to choose contrasting colors, for example, when the background is light, the font should be dark, or vice versa); and also for color design of different slide objects - in this case, the general recommendation is to select additional colors . When choosing the background color and font, the first option is preferable, since in this case the text is read better; combination & quot; black text on white background & quot; can not always be called a successful combination for presentations, because often there is a ripple effect in the eyes (especially if the fine print is used) and thus the visual effect that is necessary for the effective perception of the material is not achieved.
Animation, various ways of changing slides and other multimedia effects are used to draw attention to certain aspects of the information presented on the slide. They can make the presentation more dynamic and attractive to the viewer and listener. At the same time it is necessary to understand that animation effects have a strong distraction effect, so they should be applied very dosed and only when their use is justified by the goals and tasks of the presentation. Animation is allowed either to create a certain mood or atmosphere of the presentation (in this case, the animation should also be restrained and well thought out), or to demonstrate dynamic processes that can not otherwise be depicted (for example, to stage the components of a drawing or diagram in stages).
For each slide object, you can set the time and the way it appears on the screen (for example, "appearance", "appearance", "exit" on the left or right side, tarnishing or changing in color, etc.) , as well as the time interval for presenting this object. To do this, select the object to which the animation effect will be applied, and in the Slideshow menu select the Embedded animation command and then activate the desired option (Figure 15.16a), in the Slideshow menu, you can also specify more precise animation parameters with the option Customize the animation ..., which allows you to create an integrated complex of animation effects for each selected object (Figure 15.166).
Fig. 15.16. Animation effects control dialog boxes:
and - built-in animation effects; b - customize animation effects
for slide elements
When creating animation effects, you must constantly monitor their implementation. To do this, we recommend that you periodically review the resulting result by clicking the Preview button in the Animation Settings dialog box before saving the selected animation settings of the object.
Animation affects can be included in the presentation demonstration process. In this case, they determine how to navigate between slides. Jump is the special effect used to display the next slide during the presentation. For example, you can ensure the appearance of a slide from a blackout or an influx, and also select the type and speed of the transition from one slide to another.
To determine how to change the slides, you must select slides in the Slide Sorter mode, for which you want to add transitions. Then, in the Slide Show menu, select the Change Slide ... command (Slide Transition ...) and in the Slide Change dialog box that appears in the Effects list, select the desired animation effect when switching between the selected slides (for example, Dissolve, Float. .., Vertical panorama ... etc.), the speed of the effect (Slow, Medium, Fast) and the transition conditions (Click or Automatically after a specified amount of time in the field) (Figure 15.17).
Fig. 15.17. The dialog for defining the methods of changing slides in a presentation
To apply the selected transition options to the selected slide (highlighted slides), click the Apply button. To apply these transition options to all slides, click the Apply to all button.
In the Slide Sorter mode, under the standard toolbar, an additional toolbar appears to define the ways and types of transition between slides. The Slide Transition button allows you to open the Slide Transition dialog box. To the right of the Slide transition button on the sorter panel are two drop-down lists. The first one adds or changes affects when slides appear during their display. The second list includes animation effects in the output of text. You can also use the icons below the slides to quickly view the specified way of moving each slide.
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