Any document created in Word is based on some predefined template. Templates are used when creating sample documents and include:
• The standard page settings. These include: the dimensions of the fields, the layout of the document, the orientation and size of the pages, etc. ( Page layout /group Page settings );
• Standard styles ( Home/ group Styles );
• Standard shortcuts (the File/Options/Tape Settings tab).
In addition, the template can store standard text fragments and drawings (for example, a legal address or an organization logo). Thus, the template contains everything you need to edit and format standard type documents.
The fastest way to format a file in the right way is to use a template with the appropriate markup as the basis. In this case, you will only need to replace the replacement text with your own in the template.
A style is a set of formatting options stored under a specific name. Style is one of the components of the concept template & quot ;.
In the style includes all methods of formatting: font parameters, paragraph parameters, borders and fill, lists and markers, etc.
The main characteristics of the paragraph: indents left, right; indent the first line; intervals before the paragraph and after; line spacing; ways of text alignment: left, right, width; the value of the red line.
All of these features are on the Page Layout tab in the Paragraph group (Figure 7.3).
You can apply a formatting method to lists using lists ( Home / Paragraph ). Lists can be marked, numbered and multilevel (when there are subscriptions inside the list). For symbols of the bulleted list, any symbols in the symbol table are used. For numbered and multilevel lists, numbers, letters, words (one, two, etc.) are used.
Fig. 7.3. Paragraph Group
In addition, the style indicates the main characteristics of the symbol: font name (headset); font size (size); outline; intersymbol interval; Colour; spelling effects; animation. All these characteristics are on the Home tab in the Font group.
One of the possible ways of formatting paragraphs and symbols is to select using borders and fill. Lines for borders are used in different outlines and widths, and colors are selected from the presented palette. These actions are also performed using the Paragraph group elements on the Home tab.
Instead of formatting directly, it's convenient to use existing styles to quickly and easily apply a set of formatting options uniformly throughout the document.
Word 2010 offers three types of styles: paragraph styles, character styles, and related styles. To determine whether a style belongs to a particular type, you need to display the Styles task pane by clicking the button in the right-hand corner of the Styles group on the Home tab, or by pressing Ctrl + Alt + Shift + S . Paragraph styles are marked with the symbol , the character styles are marked with the character a, the associated styles are marked by the paragraph symbol and the character symbol - .
To apply a style to a paragraph, just place the cursor inside the paragraph and set the appropriate style. In this case, there is no need to select a paragraph. If the style is applied to several paragraphs, you must first select them.
Character styles contain formatting options that you can apply to text, such as font name, size, color, italic, bold or underlined, borders and fill. Styles of ns include formatting, which affects the parameters of paragraphs, for example, line spacing, text alignment, indents and tab stops.
A related style behaves depending on the choice, either as a character style, or as a paragraph style. If you click anywhere in the paragraph or select a paragraph and apply the associated style to it, it acts as a paragraph style. If you select a word or phrase in a paragraph, then the associated style will act as a character style, without affecting the paragraph as a whole.
Styles can be recreated based on one of the available ones. In this case, the newly created style is assigned a new name. You can also make changes to existing styles (the Home /group Styles tab).
The newly created or modified styles can be used at a time while working with the document or add them to the template.
By default, the body of the document is automatically formatted in the express style Normal (the Home tab, the Styles group, and the Normal option).
For headers, Express Styles are the Heading 1 & quot ;, Heading 2 & quot ;, Heading 3 etc., which are designed as subordinate to each other.
In addition, Word has a set of styles for working with lists. List styles define the type of lists, including the marker style or numbering scheme, indentation, and any signature text. And also, the table styles that define the type of tables are used, including the text format, the header lines, the grid, and the colors of the selection of rows and columns.
To the tools of document formatting, in addition to applying different styles of text processing, you can include the ability to create tables, columns, the introduction of graphic objects, diagrams, etc.