Concept and types of economic information
Any information technology in objects of organizational-economic type is a set of interconnected information processes. Each of the processes in the queue contains a certain set of operations implemented by some other means. The task of technology is to obtain from a source information resource a qualitatively new information product on the basis of which an informed management decision can be made. As the information resource is processed (transformed), it is necessary to know its types and quality characteristics. Organizational, economic or business activities are associated with a special product called economic information.
Economic information as a conceptual category by its nature, on the one hand, corresponds to the concept information & quot ;, and on the other hand reflects the features of its functioning environment, i.e., . economy.
Most often, this term refers to a transformed and processed set of information that reflects the state and course of economic processes. In a more formalized definition, economic information is understood as an objectified implementation of knowledge about economic relations and the processes of reproduction of material, labor and value resources and services expected or implemented in practice and eliminating uncertainty about the outcome of these processes and services. strong>
However, economic information not only reproduces the state and direction of development of economic objects and industries, but also reveals the mechanism of interrelations between their links. Thus, economic information is a set of information used for planning, accounting, control, regulation in the management of business objects. Because economic information provides a solution to business management tasks in objects of different types and hierarchies, it acts as a kind of management information. In information processes, it plays a twofold role: as an object of labor (originated initially) and as a product of labor (processed and usable). Hence, when considering economic information from cybernetic positions, it can be concluded that it is an increment in the initial information into a user product used to make decisions aimed at securing a given state of a business object and its optimal development.
Economic information does not arise by itself. It necessarily has its own source and its consumer. It can be seen, heard, received, read, transmitted, recorded and stored, altered and destroyed. These properties of economic information can be attributed to a special category of material objects and considered as a specific element of information and communication management systems. As a special property of matter, economic information can not exist without its carrier and the means of moving it in time and space. The information carrier can be not only the material object itself, which is directly physically observable, but also its image in the form of light, sound, magnetic, electrical, or other kinds of signals and states.
Economic information as a special element of management systems can be considered (classified) from a variety of sides.
First of all, it is divided into by the nature of belonging to the sphere of material production and to the non-productive sphere, and inside - by industries and sub-sectors business entities. By the time stages, i.e. management functions, forecast, planned, accounting, statistical, analytical information is allocated. The kind of management solution that is being prepared allows you to classify economic information into strategic, tactical and information operational management.
Important criteria for the classification of economic information are compliance with its reflected processes and conditions ( credible and unreliable ) , as well as the completeness of the event's reflection ( sufficient, insufficient, redundant ) .
The content of information circulating in different objects depends on its industry and management level. Nevertheless, in the process of processing, information passes through the stages common to the management of different economic objects. A generalized simplified scheme of processing, reflecting the purpose of information and