Informatics structuring - Theory of information processes and systems

Informatics structuring

The ideas of modern informatics arose in the depths of mathematics and cybernetics, electronics and systems engineering, logic and linguistics.

Informatics serves science, technology, production and other types of human activity on the basis of information technology. Expanding the scope of scientific methods and practical applications of computer science has led to the need for its structuring. As for the structure of informatics, there are different points of view.

In 1991, researchers from the Institute of Informatics Problems of the USSR Academy of Sciences I. A. Mizin , etc., developing the above definition of VI Siforov, considered computer science as a complex discipline, taking into account that:

• First, it is natural science, including fundamental and applied research;

• Secondly, industry, providing for the development of experimental design and production;

• Thirdly, infrastructure area, assuming the professional activities of specialists and the operation of information systems.

As natural science , computer science studies the general properties of information (data and knowledge), methods and systems for its creation, accumulation, processing, storage, transmission and distribution by means of computers and communications. As fundamental science informatics is connected with philosophy through the doctrine of information and the theory of knowledge; with mathematics - through the theory of mathematical modeling; mathematical logic and the theory of algorithms; with linguistics - through the doctrine of sign systems (semiotics) and formal languages. It is also closely related to the theory of information and management.

As industry , computer science is engaged in designing, manufacturing, marketing and development of information systems and their components.

As infrastructure area the computer science is engaged in the service and operation of information systems, training, etc.

In a number of works the following structuring is adopted: theoretical computer science, technical informatics, applied computer science.

Similarly, in a slightly different terminology, informatics is structured in the textbook N . In. Makarova and In. B. Volkova (Figure 1.1), in which one of the following concepts is associated with informatics: it is either a manufacturing industry, or fundamental science, or applied discipline. And this point of view is widely represented on various sites on the Internet.

At the same time, attention is drawn to the fact that all three areas of computer science rely on the means to convert information and develop them.

Informatics as fundamental science is developing methods, models and algorithms, as well as related mathematical theories. Its prerogative is to study the processes of information transformation and, on the basis of these studies, develop appropriate theories, models, methods and algorithms that are then applied in practice.

Practical use of the results of computer science research as a fundamental science is embodied in computer science - manufacturing industries. Western software companies such as Microsoft, Lotus, Borland, and technical equipment - IBM, Apple, Intel, Hewlett Packard, etc. In addition to producing the technical and software tools themselves, information transformation technologies are also being developed.

As an applied discipline, informatics studies the patterns of the flow of information processes in specific areas and the methodology of developing specific information systems and technologies.

Informatics structuring by NV Makarova and VB Volkov

Fig. 1.1. The structuring of computer science by NV Makarova and VB Volkov

thematic pictures

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