Information culture, The role of information culture...

Information culture

The role of information culture in modern society

It makes no sense to talk about the importance of culture in the life of society and each individual. It is culture that is a qualitative characteristic of a particular stage of development

society. It is no accident that the problems of cultural development and the impact on this development of various factors (nature, technology, politics, etc.) are one of the eternal problems of philosophy.

Current processes in society directly affect the culture of the country as a whole, and its individual segments. There are new forms of transfer of cultural heritage of the country, cultural elements are created taking into account new opportunities provided by information technologies. There are opportunities to more accurately express the thoughts of authors, expand the circle of people who can come into contact with a particular work, feel themselves involved in a particular event of culture (broadcasting of performances, concerts, sports, etc.).

The impact of modern information technology on art goes in two directions. On the one hand, this technology is used in the creative work of artists and sculptors, artists and composers. On the other hand, modern information means make high culture public. So, when using computer technology in painting and sculpture, there are two approaches. In one case, the computer plays the role of a simple tool, in another - the artist sets the machine program, not knowing exactly what will turn out of it, and the computer "creates" the very work of art, sometimes successfully, sometimes not. In the process of sculpting, the processor joins a special machine that cuts the workpiece out of metal or some other material.

An important role is played by information technology in the process of familiarizing people with works of art, thanks to which a high culture becomes public. It was she who made the unique achievements of the world culture a mass treasure. To see the amber room, now you can not visit Tsarskoye Selo. To admire the canvases of Aivazovsky and Kandinsky, the ballet of the Bolshoi Theater, listen to the music of Liszt and Tchaikovsky or the best vocalists of the world can be at home using a TV, video player or the Internet. And the latter allows you to examine in detail all the elements.

At the heart of all these processes is the change in communications from natural to virtual, and as a result - an avalanche-like increase in the amount of information coming to a person, and expanding the possibilities of providing, storing and processing information. And it is thanks to the gradual (from century to century) entry into our world of virtual communications that help to remotely transmit information, these opportunities have appeared. Today, most of the information a person receives with the help of virtual communications. New working conditions give rise to the dependence of one person's awareness of information acquired by other people. Therefore, it is no longer enough to be able to independently master and accumulate information, but it is necessary to learn such a technology of working with information when decisions are made and made on the basis of collective knowledge. This suggests that a person must have a certain level of culture in handling information. To display this fact, the term "information culture" was introduced.

Information culture is the ability to work purposefully with information and use computer information technology, modern technologies and methods to receive, process and transmit it.

Today, the level of information culture significantly affects the success of human life and broadens the freedom of action. Moreover, the level of the information culture of a person becomes the main resource for enhancing his social and professional status (along with the education, economic status and social status). Even the assumption is made that very soon it will depend on the level of the information culture of the individual all his future destiny, since the ability to find, receive, process and adequately use information is necessary for a person not only in his professional, but also in everyday life.

According to the American scientist D. Bell, culture in modern society is becoming the most dynamic, even in comparison with technology, a component of civilization. And it's not just that it delivers ideas, images and styles for mass production, but that the changes in it are, to a lesser extent, restrained by the limited resources (both in the economy) and the inertness of established institutional structures (both in politics) . And the main deterrent to the changes taking place in it is itself the inertia of connecting different layers of the population to innovations. In this case, the media and various information network technologies are an indisputable help.

Under the influence of information technology in culture, complex processes occur that are associated with its humanization, transition of the culture of mass consumption to culturally discretionary individual use, the shift of prestige from material estimates of consumed values ​​in the direction of symbolic cultural qualities, etc. Qualitative changes in the culture of the information world increase its role in the development and functioning of society. "Culture is recommended today as a key to innovation and social development," P. Kozlowski writes. "It facilitates the introduction of new technology and its public" recognition ", promotes international exchange and mutual understanding. Culture, as they say, should be through all social indicators and growth indicators the last criterion of social progress. "

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