After studying the material in this chapter, the student must:


• The concept of hypertext, underlying the functioning of all major Internet services;

• features of the main types and genres of information resources of the World Wide Web;

• the most popular forms and means of supporting modern Internet communication, including the latest Internet services Web 2.0;

be able to

• correctly use new types of network information interaction that have become a part of our daily life in recent times;

• Neutralize possible negative consequences of work in the network information space, including to prevent the manifestation of network dependence, which is dangerous for psychological health and interferes with the normal socialization of a person;


• a representation of the patterns of appearance and the logic of the development of computer networks;

• The idea of ​​the process of genre peculiarities of Internet content, conditioned by this logic,

• the principles of effective use of different Internet genres;

• A representation of the sources of hazards that arise when working on the Web;

• the main principles of networked information culture;

• Basic rules of network information security.

Internet Services

Basic Internet Services

Connecting to the Internet allows the user to work with information resources of various types, of which the most common are such types of information exchange, which have been dubbed Internet services (that is, information actions provided by special software that most effectively serve the user's specialized information requests). Currently, the following services are available on the Internet:

• Information search based on the domain name system ( DNS service ) , which provides information accessibility;

e-mail, which serves to exchange messages between Internet users;

chat ( English IRC - Internet Relay Chat), designed to support textual communication in real time;

teleconferences (English BBS - Bulletin Board System - electronic bulletin board), video conference, or newsgroup (English newsgroup ) , Webinars webinar ) , providing the possibility of collective messaging in real time or in a mode of delayed interaction;

File Sharing (English FTP - File Transfer Protocol) designed to interact with file archives that store and forward files of different types;

remote control of the computer (from English Telnet - TErminaL NETWORK NETwork) , is designed to communicate and manage computers on the web in text mode;

World Wide Web (English WWW, W3 - World Wide Web) - hypertext hypermedia system, designed to integrate various network resources into a single information space;

• Services Web 2.0 , strong> providing an opportunity for every Internet user to work with information resources of any modality;

streaming media .

These services are called standard, as they are provided by computer software based on generally recognized standard technology solutions. In addition to the standardized services, a lot of non-standard software is constantly appearing on the Internet and the user is being offered to the user, which are created by different commercial programming companies and individual non-profit programmers' associations (most often working in universities). Among such programs, one can note the great success of programs that provide interpersonal communication, which include various instant messaging programs Instant Messenger ) of the ICQ type, the Internet, audio, video telephony system (such as Skype etc ., Internet radio and Internet TV, electronic distance learning ( Learning Management System ) (such as Blackboard, WebCT, Moodle and others). When using non-standardized programs, there may be problems associated with their technical incompatibility with other Internet services, which may manifest themselves, in particular, when working in different Internet browsers.

The most popular Internet services

The scope of using the Internet is extremely extensive - it covers almost all types of information interaction between a person and a person with a technical device. However, not all the possibilities of the Internet have found application in science and technology, as well as in everyday life of people. And scientific and technical, and mass development of the Internet continues, it goes so fast that futurists do not undertake to predict what other services can develop on the basis of global computer networks. Today in the World Open Encyclopedia Wikipedia the following Internet services as the most popular and popular telecommunications services are noted:

• World Wide Web (hypertext information systems):

• Web forums;

• blogs, Twitter;

• wiki projects (and, in particular, the encyclopedia itself, "Wikipedia");

• online shopping;

• Online auctions;

• social networks;

• e-mail and mailing lists;

• newsgroups (mostly Usenet ) ;

• file-sharing networks;

• Electronic payment systems;

• Internet radio;

• Internet TV;

• Internet telephony;

• messengers;

• FTP Servers;

• chats (and IRC, and computer systems implemented as web chats);

• search engines;

• Internet advertising;

• remote access terminals;

• remote control of the computer and (or) any technical device;

• multiplayer games;

• Web 2.0 services;

• Internet trading;

• distance learning on the Internet.

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