Insertion and deletion of symbols - Informatics for the humanities

Inserting and deleting characters

During the typing process, you need to add or remove characters. The addition of symbols can be done in two modes: in the Insert mode (the inserted symbols are inserted between the previously typed characters) or in the Replace mode (the characters added replace the previously typed characters). It should be remembered that the characters are entered at the position indicated by the flashing cursor. Switching modes Insert - Replacement occurs when you press the Insert (Ins) key. If you do not switch the Insert - Replace modes, you need to check the Use Ins button to insert from the File - Options menu, the Advanced command, the Edit parameters category. In order for the Insert-Replace mode to be displayed in the Status bar, you must right-click on it and tick the Replace line.

Adding special characters. To add special characters, open the Insert tab, select the Symbols group, and activate the Symbol command from the list. In the list of special characters, all characters are classified into the following groups:

• Last used symbols;

• other characters;

• characters and special characters.

Adding spaces. Standard spaces have two significant drawbacks:

• they have an unstable width and the property is compressed or stretched when the text is formatted;

• the program treats them as a natural delimiter and automatically uses it to break text on them when changing from line to line.

In the case where the space transfer is not allowed, for example, as shown in the following incorrectly formatted text fragment:

Word 2010, And.

With. Turgenev, 700

MB, and so on.

n.,

there is a need to put so-called non-breaking spaces in the text.

Non-breaking spaces are used everywhere where you need to exclude a possible line break when translating text by words, for example before a dash, after one-letter prepositions and conjunctions at the end of the sentence, between initials and surname of a person, etc. You can insert a non-breaking space into the text by using the Ctrl + Shift + Space key combination.

Spaces of fixed width. You may need to use spaces of fixed width to correctly represent text in printed form. Distinguish:

• a long space ( M is a space, its width is equal to the width of the capital letter M ), e. its width is equal to the height of the font;

• a short space ( N - space);

• a thin space ( I -space).

Example

Spaces of fixed width. Examples of using fixed-width spaces can be seen in the text below.

Option 1: Text without spaces of fixed width.

- Why, I told you a thousand times that I'm an emigrant.

- And who are you? Why did you come here?

- Well, I came from the city N in the case.

- On what business?

Option 2: Text using spaces of fixed width.

- Why, I told you a thousand times that I'm an emigrant.

- Λ Who are you? Why did you come here?

- Well, I came from the city N in the case.

- On what business?

Option 3: Text without spaces of fixed width.

1. A. S. Pushkin.

2. M. Yu. Lermontov.

Option 4: Text with spaces of fixed width.

1. A. S. Pushkin.

2. M. Yu. Lermontov.

Adding a dash. A long dash is a real dash (its length is the width of the letter M ) , is entered as a special character or by pressing Ctrl + Alt + Nutminus or by pressing Alt + 0151; You can also do an autocorrect in which the two short minus minus will give one long dash. It must be remembered that before the long dash, there is usually an inextricable short space, after it there is also a short space (normal, not inextricable).

A short dash (its length is equal to the width of the letter N ) is used as a range pointer (in this case it is not separated by spaces) and as a mathematical sign "minus" (in this case it is detached, with spaces of a fixed width - short or thin). It is entered as a special character or Ctrl + Num or Alt + 0150.

The hyphen is entered by clicking the minus button. In some cases it is necessary to use the so-called non-breaking hyphen, which is entered into the text by pressing the keys Ctrl + Shift + Minus.

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