Principles of management organization of developments in automated control systems
As it was shown above, in understanding the principles of building and organizing the functioning of the automated control system, the functional and securing parts, described in the previous paragraph, are distinguished.
Accordingly, when managing the development of automated systems, there are two main problems:
1. Formation of the structure of the FC and the selection on its basis of priority automation tasks.
2. Formation of the structure of the ACh ACS as an organizational form of interaction of all types of support (information, technical, organizational, etc.), necessary for the implementation of subsystems and tasks that are part of the structure of the FCA.
The solution of these two main problems is interrelated. On the one hand, the structure of the RV is determined by the structure of the FH. At the same time, the choice of the structure of the FC largely depends on the available technical, software and other means, i.e. is determined by the potential capabilities of the OC.
The main problems of managing the development of automated control systems, in turn, are divided into tasks that can often be handled in parallel.
For example, the first problem was divided as follows:
1.1. Prediction of the structure of the FCA.
Development of the forecast version of the structure of the FCA (for 15-20 years) and the main directions of the development of automated control systems (for 5-10 years).
1.2. Development of the structure of the AC of the ACU of the next stage (3-5 years).
This task was also called the "Selection of first-priority subsystems (task complexes) automation for the next ACS queue."
1.3. Selection of priority (most significant) tasks in the subsystems of the ACS and the sequence of their design and implementation.
1.4. Designing of ACS subsystems.
The second problem can be represented by the following subproblems:
2.1. The choice (justification) of the structure of the ACS control system.
2.2. Designing individual types of collateral.
In addition, it is important to create the organizational structure of the automated control system, in the existing ACS, which is determined by the composition and interconnection of individual structural divisions in the operating conditions of the automated control system. Therefore, the above main problems were subsequently added to the problem of control of developments in automated control systems.
The management system of the developments of ACS can be considered the third problem and divided it into the following tasks.
3.1. Development of the structure of organizational support for the management of developments in automated management systems (in the first stages, this task is reduced to determining the structure of the department developing the ACS, and as it develops - to determine the relationship between the development units and units that use the results of development in practice, as well as units that prepare and controlling the input information). Sometimes this component is singled out as an independent problem.
3.2. Creation of an information system to ensure the design of subsystems and tasks of automated control systems.
A stratified structure that determines the relationship of problems and sub-problems that arise during the development of the automated control system is shown in Fig. 5.1.
Fig. 5.1. Stages of ACS development
To manage the development of automated systems, the relevant guidance materials were prepared, in which the ASU was treated as an evolving system, and the concept of the queue was introduced. The first-stage ACS was developed as an automated information system - AIS. In the guidance materials, the procedure for developing the appropriate ACS queue (AIS) and putting it into operation was also discussed (Figure 5.2).
With the implementation shown in Fig. 5.1 structures were guided by the method shown in Fig.