Principles of the estimation of Internet resources...

Principles of assessing Internet resources

Since the content of the Internet space is an uncontrollable and uncontrolled process, the question of assessing the quality of the content of the viewed websites is acute before every Internet user. The literature presents some empirically derived general recommendations on this issue that can be conditionally divided into several main subclasses.

1. First of all, the user should study the information about the affiliation of a particular online information resource and/or about authorship its individual Web pages, which should be available in explicit form (or implicitly) on the first page of the website. To do this, the user needs to get answers to the following questions:

• Who is responsible for the information posted on the website (web page)? & quot ;;

• "Specified (s) (named (s)) whether the author (s) of the website (web page) is in explicit form?" & quot ;;

• How did the author (s) of the website (web page) indicate their status? "& quot ;;

• "Who owns the website (web page): whether it is commercial, personal (personal), official state or educational (scientific), etc. site? To answer this question, it is also recommended to study the URL of the site.

2. The user must also evaluate the content of the website (web page) - web content. For this it is recommended to answer the following questions:

• "What is the purpose of the site's creators?" & quot ;;

• "How well is it (from the point of view of spelling norms and taking into account stylistic recommendations) is the text of the website's web pages written?"

• "How well is the information presented on the web pages accurately presented and documented?"

• "How original is the information presented on the website?".

3. To assess the information value of an Internet resource, the quality of the content of the website, which is manifested in the design of each web page, as well as how convenient the user to navigate in the hypertext space of the site in search of the necessary information (quality and quantity of the means of navigation provided to the user in hyperspace). To do this, when evaluating a site, it is recommended to answer the following questions:

• "Do you have enough information about the information structure of a website on its first (input) web page, and what navigational aids are provided to the user on each web page?

• Are all the hyperlinks on the web pages active? & quot ;;

• "How much is the visual and/or other multimedia design (Internet design) of each web page informative?"/"

• "How harmonious and convenient to perceive the artistic image of each individual web page and website as a whole?".

4. To assess the importance ( information value ) of the website content, it is useful to answer the following questions:

• Is it possible to learn something new after studying the information presented on the website pages? & quot ;;

• "Did it cost to view this website? & quot ;;

• Will this website be listed in the personal, custom list of useful sites (in the bookmarks library)? & quot ;;

• "How many and what other Internet websites contain hyperlinks to this site?". To answer this question, we recommend using the advanced search Google and/or specialized search engine operators - for example, link in Yandex .

5. The evaluation of the relevance of the information provided on the website pages allows you to answer the following questions:

• Is the period of validity of the information provided on the webpage limited? & quot ;;

• How often does the information on a web page update? & quot ;;

• Is the information on the web page (website) obsolete? .

In addition to these recommendations, in the modern Internet can be found quite a lot of other more or less detailed instructions for assessing the quality of the content of Internet sites, which indicates the continuing relevance and significance of this problem.

Conclusions

One of the key elements for user work on the Internet is specialized application software - programs - web browsers. A web browser acts as an intermediary between a person and the information resources of the Internet, i.e. is the main computer interface for human interaction with the information network of the Global Network. Before the appearance of a graphical browser, working with information on the Internet required knowledge of programming languages ​​and the ability to work with character operating systems such as UNIX, , which significantly limited the functionality of this software, so the invention of browser programs with a graphical user interface contributed to a rapid multiple increase in the number of Internet users. Modern Internet browsers have roughly the same set of functionality and differ mainly in the design of the user interface, but they can be divided into two main classes, depending on whether these programs are web browsers (for example, the web browser Google Chrome) or programs that are installed on the client computer (that is, the user's computer). Web browsers allow registered users in them to access all the functionality of the browser from any device that has an Internet connection. Thus, in the presence of common features and similar principles of work in browser programs, each of them can have its unique capabilities and special rules for performing the actions required by the user, which requires studying the rules of operation in these systems.

Another most popular and demanded service of computer network communication is e-mail. All computer programs that service communication by e-mail can also be divided into two main classes. One class includes specialized mail programs installed on the client computer, to another - e-mail programs on the Internet. In addition, some browsers also have built-in services to enable users to conduct email conversations (e.g., "Yandex.Mail"; Yahoo Mail , Google mail ( Gmail ))) . For effective work with e-mail and the purposeful management of the flow of electronic correspondence, it is recommended to follow the rules of network etiquette ( netiquette ) .

The functionality of browser programs is closely related to the provision of information Internet search technologies, which are implemented using specialized Internet servers - search engines. Today, the most popular search engines in the world ( Google, Yandex etc.) provide services to more than 85% of users of the Global Network. Each search engine has its own special search query (both simple and advanced search), so when using a particular search engine, you need to learn the rules for working with it. As the content of the Internet remains an uncontrollable process, all users of the Global Network need to learn how to adequately evaluate the content of the websites they are viewing, for which the appropriate rules and recommendations were developed by the user community.

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