Formation of models of orgtechprocedures
1.1. Delimiting the system from the environment.
This step, otherwise called the system enumeration, can be performed using methods such as commissions, seminars, and any other form of collective discussion. As a result, some list of system elements must be defined. You can list a number of elements of the projected system: departments of the enterprise, processed documents, ways of information transformation, functions, tasks of services and departments for which the information is transferred, then - enlarged functions.
The enumeration can be represented in the language of set-theoretic methods as a transition from the name of the characteristic property of the formed set of elements to the enumeration of elements that correspond to this property and can enter into a set.
1.2. Merge elements into groups.
Complex real system is still impossible to enumerate completely. It is necessary, having typed some set of elements, to try to unite them in groups, having found similarity between any of elements and having offered a way of their association. In this example, we will allocate subsets of departments and services, documents and units of information, information transformation functions and enlarged tasks.
1.3. The formation of subsets of new sets consisting of "pairs", "triples", " n -ok elements of the original subsets.
To complete the step, an automated procedure is created, based on the creation of lists of source sets and obtaining placements with repetitions from the elements of these lists.
At this step, it becomes necessary to understand the results and choose the path of further analysis.
1.4. A meaningful analysis of the results and a search for new ways of developing the model.
In search of a way to analyze the results, you can go in two ways:
• Analyze the implementation path of at least one of the aggregated tasks and on the basis of this analysis define and enter the missing subset (or several subsets of functions), the addition of elements of which to the elements of the original subsets allows us to get their new comprehension. Now the expert can quantitatively or even qualitatively evaluate the differences in the combinations of elements of the original subsets;
• Try to present the system of interconnections under investigation in the form of a structure that is a model of possible information flows. Since in the next step on the way to establishing interrelations between the components of the system it will be necessary not only to create elements of the new set and compare them with each other, but also to arrange them in a certain order, modeling the information flows in the system, it would be more convenient to choose linguistic representations for further modeling , among the initial terms of which is the concept of "rules of grammar," which gives the researcher greater freedom in modeling the connections between the components of the system.
In this problem it makes sense to use a synthesized variant of combining both possibilities. Since the TNA is created by the sequential combination of the stages of the information movement path, it is obvious that a second approach is required, which in the future assumes the creation of the TNA modeling language. At the same time, it is necessary to conduct a qualitative analysis of the organizational and technical procedures that are built, and therefore a set of qualitative characteristics of each stage of the traffic path is required.
However, in order to build a complete OTP structure, it is necessary to select the elements of the above defined sets, which can serve as links between the individual stages of the information movement, in addition to the completed steps of the methodology. Moreover, the choice of these elements should allow the expert not only to unambiguously connect the following stages of movement on certain grounds, but also to provide him with the possibility of maneuvering and alternative choice of options in determining the next stage.
Accumulating the results of previous studies, we will make two conclusions regarding the formation of the OTP sequence:
1) as the single, indivisible object for which the TNA will be formed, we select an object named "Information Movement Stage" and includes the following elements of the previously defined sets: the enlarged task, the manufacturing department (the document at this stage), the incoming document (source information), the document processing (converting, creating) function, the outgoing document (output information), the receiving department (third-party recipient ) of output information;
2) Then you need to choose from the above-described elements those that can serve for communication between the stages; Obviously, this department is the recipient and the manufacturing department (the manufacturing department at the previous stage corresponds to the receiving department on a subsequent basis), as well as incoming and outgoing documents (or arrays of input and output information) that must also correspond at adjacent stages; However, taking into account what was said earlier about the need to provide the OTP expert-designer with the opportunity to choose the direction of information movement, it is possible to organize two variants of constructing the TPR: the first - according to the rigid correspondence and the receiver with the manufacturer and the output and input information, and the second - according to the information only.
This is done in order to get the opportunity to redirect the information flow through other services and departments, i.e. actually carry out experiments on the workflow model.
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