STATE POLICY IN THE FIELD OF INFORMATICS
As a result of studying the chapter, the student must:
• concept and content of state policy in the field of informatics;
be able to
• use methods to determine the main directions and prospects for the development of the state information policy;
• skills of determining the main provisions of the state information policy.
The concept and essence of state policy in the information sphere
Understanding the nature of state policy in the information sphere of human activity allows us to identify the qualitative features of this independent and very important phenomenon of the social and political life of society, to determine some regularities in the content and form of this policy.
In the scientific literature, the term "state policy in the field of computer science" in its scientific understanding is not widespread. This can be explained, if only because the concept of "informatics", as we have already mentioned, is a field of knowledge about the nature of information, as well as the methods and means for its processing and use. For the state policy, it is not so much the field of knowledge that matters, as a part of the sphere of practical human activity connected with information. Relatively separate and independent activity of the state in this sphere is usually defined as state information policy, although the term (word) chosen by science, as we know, does not always reflect the essence of those phenomena and processes , which he is called upon to express.
The term public information policy we apply it just as a definition of a new area of state activity in the 21st century. Given this circumstance, it is necessary to consider it not only as a working term, but also at the level of a concept that unites large institutions of information knowledge in the field of state activity. In any case, for lawyers with professional knowledge of state development, the term "state information policy" is most acceptable for understanding the essence of organized information activity. Moreover, the acceleration of the process of informatization of state bodies, as the subject basis of legal regulation, is increasingly becoming the reality of jurisprudence as a science and the legal system as a whole.
In order to determine the nature and essence of the state information policy, it is necessary to consider some key features of this concept: policy, information policy, state information policy.
The concept of policy is one of the most difficult in political science. It is no accident that for the last two and a half thousand years the philosophers who tried to comprehend the essence of state governance, state power as such (Heraclitus of Ephesus, Confucius, Democritus, Plato, Aristotle, etc.) could not arrive at a single understanding of this concept.
It is believed that this term was first introduced into use by Aristotle, who investigated the functions and structure of the state of his time. He labeled with the word polity such a state in which the board is exercised by the majority for general benefit (23, 112). In the next hundred years, the interpretation of the concept "policy" has gradually undergone significant changes. Thus, Max Weber believed that politics is "the desire to participate in power or to influence the distribution of power, whether between states, be it inside the state, between groups of people that it concludes in itself" (24, 645). PA Holbach defined it as "the art of controlling people, the art of forcing them to promote the preservation and welfare of society"; (25, 380), K. Manheim - as "conflict, which increasingly becomes a struggle for life and death" (26, 7), L. Strauss defined politics as the organization, ordering and shaping of society in such a way as to harmonize it with the goals (27, 35), and G. Morgenthau as a struggle for influence (28, 11). R. Aron, who devoted considerable time to the study of po