Taskbar - Computer Science and Information Technology


The taskbar is one of the controls in the Windows operating system for launching the Start menu, menu icons, buttons for open folders and open programs, and screen indicators. The task bar consists of several sections (Fig. 4.8) and is usually located at the bottom of the Desktop, but it can be dragged up or sideways, stretched with the mouse, hooking the edge.

Quick Launcher on the taskbar is the location of the program buttons (shortcuts) that you want to access to launch with one click.

The Windows buttons on the taskbar correspond to each open folder or program that is running. The button of the active window is highlighted ( pushed & quot ;, pressed ). Buttons can be combined into a button group of the same type of windows, for example, windows of open folders, Word documents. You can open the group button and select a window or close the group with the right mouse button. If the long name of the window does not fit in the button on the taskbar, you can find out by clicking on the mouse to pop up a tooltip label that shows the full name of the program and the document opened in it.

The notification area at the end of the taskbar displays the clock, volume, notification of programs that you can open and configure by clicking the basics -


Fig. 4.8. Taskbar

or a secondary mouse button, temporary notifications that indicate the status of tasks (after the document is sent to print, the printer icon is displayed, when scanning - the scanner disappears after the task is completed). Programs configured for permanent presence in memory, minimize their window not in the button on the taskbar, but in the notification area icon (for example, antivirus programs). When the mouse pointer approaches the time indicator, a date hint pops up.

Right-clicking the taskbar allows you to select the Properties command and customize the design of the taskbar and the menu Start:

fix the position and size of the taskbar and areas of the panel;

• hide the taskbar (at the edge of the screen) and display when the mouse pointer approaches;

• display the panel on top of other windows;

• group windows buttons into one button;

• display the Quick Launch bar and digital clock;

• hide unused icons in the notification area.

After pressing the Start button on the keyboard or clicking the Start button on the taskbar, a menu opens that provides access to the operating system and computer elements and allows you to select programs to start, documents of the last sessions of work, configure the operating system and devices, prepare the shutdown. Right-clicking on the Start button allows you to select the Properties of the Start menu and configure it.

Warning! A common mistake for beginners is to move the mouse pointer over the lines of the Start menu diagonally. And correctly -

between the lines of the menu but the vertical, but the line is strictly by

horizontal, then again vertically.

To move to the Start menu without a mouse, open it with the Start or Ctrl + Esc keys and use the arrow keys to move vertically and horizontally (the items are highlighted), end the selection with the Enter.

Shut down Windows. The operating system and application programs place temporary files on the hard disk that must be closed before the work is finished and deleted. In the Start , Shutdown computer command, you need to specify the end option. Shutdown exits and turns off the power of the system unit. Reboot is required to clear the main memory and re-boot the operating system without shutting down the power (after installing the program, crashing). Standby mode temporarily pauses: the monitor, hard drive, fan are disabled. Exit the mode by pressing any key, moving the mouse.

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