The concept of informatization. Strategy of transition to the...

The concept of informatization. The transition strategy to the information society

Informatization is a decisive factor in the development of modern society, providing an appropriate standard of living for all its members through the use of high-level technologies. The development of mankind has led to the need to move from an industrial to an information society, which is characterized by ensuring the required degree of awareness of all its members and providing an increasing volume of high-level information services. The degree of transition to an information society is proposed to be evaluated by a combination of characteristics, among which the following are the determining factors: the level of information needs of the population, information culture, the degree of informatization of the economy, the leading role of education, entry into the global information space. The main stages of the transition, the strategic goals of informatization, ways of eliminating the arising contradictions are considered.

Stages of the evolution of society and informatization

The energy age is coming to an end and, according to N. Wiener's forecast, the age of informatics is coming. The first century of the current millennium will go down in the history of mankind as the century of the completion of the transition from an industrial society to an information society. The transition process, known as informatization, is being intensively implemented in all countries of the world community. Russia has long joined in this way. Forecasts of scientists allow us to state that most of the western European countries and with some lagging behind and Russia, not later than the middle of the next century, will be transferred to the information society. A comprehensive characteristic of the information society does not exist yet, but it is assumed that the information needs of the population will be fully satisfied in such a society. At present, these needs are not yet realized and have largely been formed. The future century will be distinguished by the global technology of the advanced countries, which is determined not only by the development of the material base, but also by the level of intellectualization of society, its ability to create, apply and preserve new knowledge. The structure of knowledge will also change: the share of traditional knowledge will decrease from 70 to 40%, pragmatic - from 15 to 10%, but the share of new knowledge will increase from 5 to 15% and knowledge aimed at developing the creative abilities of the individual will increase from 3 to 25%. Modern education is supportive, long-term education should become outstripping in the information society.

Along with the existing problems in the XXI century. the emergence of information inequality is predicted, which can be overcome by forming a new information culture of society as a set of rules of behavior in the information society, the communication environment, human-machine systems that fit into the world humanistic culture of humanity. Mass entry of users into the Internet has already revealed a number of negative trends: the suppression of the United States national culture, the decline of morality, the presence of planned negative ideological influence. Informatization of the society is based on the achievements of computer science, in which, as in the scientific direction, there are three levels:

• physical - software and hardware means of computing and communication technology;

• logical - information technology;

• application - user information systems.

The achievements of informatics at these levels and determine the progress in the advancement to the information society.

The economic basis of the information society is the information industry (telecommunications, computer, electronic, audiovisual), which are experiencing the process of technological convergence and corporate mergers. There is an intensive process of the formation of a world-wide information economy, which consists in the globalization of information, information technology and telecommunications markets, the emergence of world leaders in the information industry, the transformation of e-commerce. on telecommunications in the means of doing business.

The legal basis of the information society is the laws and regulations that regulate human rights for access to information resources, technology, telecommunications, intellectual property protection, privacy, freedom of speech, information security. The information security of society and the individual acquires a new status, turning from a purely technological problem into a social one, from the solution of which the sustainable development of mankind depends.

The technological basis of the information society is telecommunications and information technologies, which have become the leaders of technological progress, an integral part of any modern technologies, generate economic growth, create conditions for free circulation of large amounts of information and knowledge in the society, lead to significant socioeconomic transformations and , in the final analysis, to the formation of the information society.

The peculiarity of a new stage in the development of the information environment is manifested in the widespread use of the concept of the information space, but, as in the case of the notion of information, there is no clear definition of it. The most common is the understanding of the information space as an ordinary metric (physical, geographical, etc.). Further concretization of this concept is associated with a more direct consideration of the qualitative aspect of the processes that take place in it and the processes that determine it. Another approach to the specification of the concept of the information space is related to the concept of an information field analogous to the concept of a physical field, for example, the electromagnetic field. One of the traditional is the understanding of the information space as a set of information processes, the mathematical model of which is a certain functional space, interpreted, for example, as a system of determinants that ensure the flow of certain information processes. One of the most common is the interpretation of the information space as an information retrieval system, i.e. a certain orderly set of information units (data) for which they are provided for their search and decoding. As such can be considered the catalogs and library book collections, files and databases, etc.

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