The Different Smart Home Technologies

In this article I am going to explain the several smart home technology EIB also called KNX and CBUS. I will be giving a complete explanation about what each system is capable of and a little about their company backdrop. I'll also be evaluating both system with advantages and disadvantages for every single system. (Add more)

EIB (KNX) System

EIB (KNX) is the one worldwide bus system which offers a complete selection of transmission advertising for building control systems, including Twisted Couple, Power line, Radio Regularity (RF), infrared (IR), Coaxial cable television and Ethernet IP. This smart home network was created to work separately on any particular hardware system. It can be controlled through the network of 8 tad micro controller to a Personal computer.

EIB (European Unit installation Bus) uses the twisted match functioning which runs on the cable tv with two pairs, using only one set from the twisted cable for communication. The line voltage for these wires is 36v DC. Each device has a bus coupling product which is employed to connect detectors and actuators to the bus for example a NIC greeting card on a Laptop or computer. EIB is a field bus technology which is managed by the Konnex Relationship. Its topology is the same as the CBUS system.

EIB (KNX) has over 176 participants and manufacturers in 29 different countries a few of which include Ardan smart home, ABB, Armour Home Consumer electronics Ltd, Bosch, Basalte BVBA, CIAT, and a great many other companies based throughout the world. You can find the full set of participants and manufacturers at

http://www. knx. org/

"A "field bus" is a particular form of GEOGRAPHIC AREA Network that implements, not computers but detectors and actuators at its nodes and is optimised for brief point to point communication of status and command text messages" (M C-Wonders).

The field bus system is made up in 7 OSI layers (as shown below) which is also known as the standard protocol stack. Nevertheless the EIB system does not use all 7 levels it only uses 5 levels (See diagram below) this shows the difference between an OSI Model and the EIB Model.

OSI Process Stack EIB Protocol Stack

Layer 1

The physical covering in the EIB standard protocol stack defines both piece by piece transmission of data and the physical advertising type (the way the bits are transmitted is determined by the media type)

Here is a standards of the twisted match which is employed in the EIB system
  • RS485 bit communications
  • Twisted pair cable
  • 9. 6 kbps
  • 1000m range
  • 64 end devices per line

Layer 2

The data link layer defines these devices addressing mechanism, making certain each device has its own unique address. In addition, it defines the method of access to the bus arbitration as there has to be a control mechanism which has to stop devices from communicating on the bus at the same time. These devices address is as follows
  • Device number: 0 - 63
  • Line amount: 0 - 11
  • Zone amount: 0 - 14

An EIB twisted pair system can only have 15 areas, 12 lines per area and 64 devices per collection.

Layer 3

On the Network coating there can only just be device to device communications as this allows data packet transmitting between devices and connectionless marketing communications. This covering also uses Unicast and Group addressing.

Unicast addressing is merely used during device assembly (system access mode) also using the physical device address.

Group address is equivalent of multicast and broadcast addressing as it offers normal bus operation method and allows an insight device to regulate a great many other grouped end result devices. The group address involves a main group, middle group and a sub group e. g. 2. 4. 2

Layer 4

The transport layer is responsible for reliable communications as it generates a link between both the sender and the recipient using positive acknowledgment with retransmission (PAR).

The PAR collection is as employs
  1. A connection between sender and receiver is set up
  2. Sender transmits data with sequence number
  3. Sender waits a set period of time for an Acknowledgment from device. If nothing data is delivered again. After 3 efforts to send the data have failed the procedure will terminate its connection
  4. If the device suspects one at any point it will send and (Nack), which terminates the bond.

2. When all telegrams have been sent the connection is terminated.

Layer 7

This is the application form part in the EIB protocol. This layer is situated around the idea of communication things. Each device on the networks paired with a software program which has the relevant functions it needs. The application affiliates objects to particular devices as these objects will be the communication options for EIB which use the group address within these devices. Each software on each device stores a link table, this association desk links to the group address desk and a communication subject table for example

Sensor device 1. 1. 1 transmits 1/1/1 to actuators 1. 1. 2 and 1. 1. 3 to carefully turn on the actuators (1. 1. 2 and 1. 1. 3)

Sensor device 1. 1. 1 transmits 1/1/2 to actuators to turn them off

Here are a few of the features of the EIB system with some description
  • It has international standard rendering it future proof
  • ISO/IEC
  • CENELEC
  • CEN
  • SAC
  • AN SI/A SHRAE
  • With product certification, KNX assures interoperability and interworking of products
  • EIB makes certain that each different producer, product and request communicates with one another. Ensuring a high quality of versatility.
  • High product quality
  • EIB makes sure each manufacturer employs the correct compliances in order gain a KNX Documentation.
  • Unique Manufacturer independent Anatomist Tool Software (ETS)
  • ETS allows planning, executive and configuration for all those certified products. It really is manufacturer indie allowing the machine to incorporate different manufacturers to one installation
  • Can be utilized with all applications in home and building control
  • EIB can be used for those functions and applications in a home or building control varying from lighting and shutter control to security, ventilation control.
  • Fit for use in several buildings
  • EIB can be easily installed into new or even existing buildings, so that it is easily extendable making certain it adapts to new needs.
  • Supports different settings modes
  • E-Mode - Easy unit installation mode
  • S-Mode - System installation mode
  • Supports several communication media
  • Twisted pair
  • Power line
  • Radio frequency
  • Ethernet IP
  • Can be coupled to other systems
  • The EIB system can be mapped to BACnet things or offers a probability to interface within the DALI technology.
  • Independent form any hard- software technology
  • EIB can be comprehended on any microprocessor platform and can be applied from start but limited to easy market entrance. It cal also take recourses to providers of the systems components.
  • An EIB system is able to do a lot of things at the touch of 1 button some examples are shown below
  • Lighting
  • EIB can store and remember different light moods and moments by pressing the transition/dim button which handles lights over a central level. Being able to adjust internal lighting according to external lighting levels allows substantive energy cost savings.

  • Shutters and blinds
  • With automated sun protection, weather safeguard and time manipulated shutters/window blinds at the press of a button these can be opened up or finished.

  • Weather station

This defends the shades and shutters from damage by wind, rain or frost, providing automated roof glass windows closing when raining. In addition, it display wind swiftness, rainwater and also temperature and lighting levels.

An EIB system can do a lot of things at the touch of a button including heating system, ventilation/ weather control, security, overriding functions, marketing communications, and incorporation of audio-visual equipment and also helps in customer service.

The twisted pair on the EIB, its little bit level collision diagnosis with overriding logical 0 which ensures that in case of a collision, the transmission always succeeds for the communication lovers.

Some of the disadvantages of the EIB (KNX) system are
  • can only be controlled via an 8 tad micro controller to a PC
  • only allows up to 64 devices per line
  • can only be device to device communication
  • does not allow loop topologies

CBUS System

Clipsal BUS (CBUS) is a microprocessor control and management system for homes and complexes. This system can be used to control electric powered services such as light, audio aesthetic devices, motors, etc. Either a simple on/off control for light or changing (analogue) type control for example dimmers. CBUS is easily controlled through virtually any kind of electrical weight.

CBUS certifies each of its products has its built-in microprocessor for reliability and fast procedure allowing each product to be designed individually. CBUS runs on the unique approach to updating each unit which involves a method which can not require a central computer or controller. Each product device is given a specific period of time where it broadcasts its position which is then synchronised by a self generated system clock pulse. This enables great quantities of data to be passed on in small time structures in low overheads and bandwidth requirements.

CBUS is an interconnected system of inputs (receptors) and outputs (controllers) used to permit automatic procedure and control of machinery or processes such as conditions that can make and perform decisions with or without human software (MC-Wonders). CBUS uses a UTP kitten 5 cable which allows each of its devices to interconnect within the machine.

The maximum total cable television size per network cannot go over more than 1000 meters with a system voltage of 15v D. C - 36v D. C (across any node in a network). Its data rate is 3500 pieces/second with 64 byte structures. Its bus contention method uses CSMA/Compact disc with CA.

CBUS transmit products and dimmers products connect to the key power and other switches/sensors which are being used to regulate a buildings electronic service. The network is electrically isolated from the mains source operating at a safe extra low voltage degree of 36v DC.

The CBUS system is produces continuously therefore so that it is practically unlimited. Networks of 100 devices are much larger installations which have been divided allowing the system to be handled in portions, up to 1000 meters of cables may maintain installed in each network.

The CBUS system is often as large or as small as a customer prefers it to be and it generally does not only simplify the look of automations needed but limits potential faults which makes trouble taking pictures easier.

CBUS responds way too many of the following devices
  • Home entertainment - music visual, light control
  • Security - designed security, light
  • Comfort - picture setting, dimming
  • Convenience - central point control from touch monitors, automated time based control, multiple point control, automated messages
CBUS is ideal for a variety of applications for example
  • Residential Automation
  • Home entertainment - music visual, light control
  • Security - built in security, lighting
  • Comfort - world setting, dimming
  • Convenience - central point control from touch displays, automated time founded control, multiple point control, programmed messages
  • Standalone room light control
  • Via a touch screen interface becomes programmed for conference rooms and home theatres
  • Many different arena and mood environment are available
  • Commercial light control
  • In a warehouse high bay control can be used for energy preservation costs
  • Energy conserving costs in high climb buildings is taken to lowest by using fluorescent lamps.
  • For retails and restraints ambiance lighting is utilized to create a scene
  • Flexible control of lighting and audio aesthetic used in boardrooms
  • For hotel foyers, ballrooms, etc architectural light control is used

CBUS supports all multi room sound visuals with a complete range of amplifiers and ceiling speakers which are all manipulated by switches and touch monitors. As all electrics have to come back to 1 central panel it is very expensive to convert existing properties to use CBUS unless renovations are being made allowing reconfiguration.

A transition which is located in the boardroom is designed with the CBUS group address. When the light move is pressed an on demand is delivered to the group address of the CBUS.

The command that was delivered to the group address from the source switch is then sent on to the CBUS network or all items throughout the network. Only the programmed systems react to the command word form the group address. Other devices which have not been programmed to respond the meaning will disregard the demand as it was not intended for them. This is merely an overview of the flexibility and vitality of the CBUS system.

When by using a CBUS system each device has to have a CBUS connection including devices such as the mains electric power will definitely need connection to the mains. Wiring for the mains and CBUS do not need to be adjoining as the mains can be linked to another phase or completely different system.

Field bus system

The benefits of a system include
  • Less complicated installation: this implies less inconvenience with wiring as possible done via a bus that carries the messages
  • Total ownership cost becomes less: reduced cabling and set up time, easy changes and upgrade and easy to mistake find means reduced costs.
  • Offers more flexibility: Each node is a micro controller which is programmable. Each node has its intellect making no 1 point of inability.
  • CBUS can have no more than 255 sub networks, within each sub network there is a combination of input and output devices a sub network allows no more than 100 systems which can connect to an individual sub network.

    When sub networks contain units it is vital to have the ability to give each device a address, there are 4 main levels of addressing which are available for these units these are

    1. Network address

  • This is designated to each sub network with a 2 digit HEX value
  • 2. Unit address

  • This product address identifies the individual unit for example light switch
  • 3. Area address

  • Allows division of a sub network, it also permit text messages to be sent to areas by the units
  • 4. Group address

  • Really a less specific area addressing scheme, only allows maximum of 255 groups over a sub network.

There are two main devices that happen to be needed in order to create a CBUS system. They are a power supply and a PC interface which is utilized for coding the units.

Some of the features of CBUS system are
  • CBUS can forcefully and reliably control all the various systems with low costs per node.
  • There are many different tools which are being used to allow 3rd party companies to interface with both PC and inlayed systems.
  • One CBUS connection controls a endless number of devices
  • CBUS is very flexible for switching and handling, for example functions may be removed, changed, added or reprogrammed at any time without large hard-wiring through the network itself.
  • Simple unit installation process
  • CBUS can control all different types of weight including weight, digital and analogue.
  • Some of the disadvantages of the CBUS system are
  • it can have only one distribution panel
  • does not allow loop topologies
  • each device must go back to one central panel
  • each device has to have a CBUS connection

CBUS and EIB Compared

CBUS and EIB systems are used to control electric powered devices in home and building surroundings for example both home systems can control light, dimmers, audio visuals and many other electrics. They also have the same topologies available which includes the bus topology, celebrity topology and the hybrid topology. Neither of these systems can form loop topologies as this does not permit the system to truly have a valid distribution -panel.

The EIB system can only uses device to device communications as this allows data packet transmitting between devices making connectionless communication whereas the CBUS system runs on the network connection which is set up on each node through each sub network cover up. This also means that the CBUS system can have as many devices linked to one distribution -panel making it an infinite as an EIB system can only have up to 64 devices on each collection within each area available.

Each CBUS product has its own built-in microprocessor that allows each unit to be designed separately. As each unit device is given a specific timeframe great quantities of data can be handed down in small casings. In an EIB system there can only just be device to device communication as this enables data packet transmitting between devices and connectionless marketing communications, within the travel level is creates a link between both sender and receiver.

Both EIB and CBUS systems have a maximum cable connection length per network which cannot exceed more than 1000 meters with system voltage of 15v DC - 36v DC. CBUS has no more than 255 sub systems within which there's a combination of insight and output systems. Within sub network no more than 100 units can be linked to an individual network. In an EIB system the twisted couple system can only just have 15 zones within those zones there can only just be a maximum of 12 lines. There can only be considered a maximum of 64 devices per brand on a area meaning there is limited space on the machine.

A typical field situation:

There are two lighting strips in a office. Lighting remove 1 is located by the home window, lighting strip 2 by the wall. These signals can be started up and off by hand. When there is sufficient ambient light, the lighting strips are switched off and are locked (i. e. , they can not be switched back again on again) programmed moving over on again when darkness comes is not required but is personally possible. Before the start of a working day a timer automatically switches light strip 2 on to promise sufficient light level.

This is the layout of any office with strip lights and touch switches and actuators

A solution to this problem is always to get bus devices including 1 touch sensor to fold, 1 bus coupling module that will have a lighting sensor and timer (1 channel) which is din rail attached, 1 controller again it should be din rail mounted, 1switchin actuator 2 flip and a din rail attached devices installed in the syndication panel

When an outside has sufficient light, the lighting sensor will automatically switch off lighting and lock it. In order for this operation to succeed the lighting sensor telegram (address 1/0/3) is AND (gate) associated with the touch sensor telegram (address 1/0/1). The output of the AND gate delivers a note (address 1/0/6) to the switching actuator (1. 1. 4) that may switch lighting strip 1. To avoid the brightness automatically switching the light back on when it is darker the result of the linking (1/0/6), this is excatly why when the sensor is switched off both inputs in the AND gate are set to "0".

These will be the parameter blocks which are being used in the coding of the machine

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