The main types of communicative interaction on the Internet...

Basic types of communicative interaction on the Internet

Web Conference (Internet Conference)

In the first years after the advent of the Internet, the concept of the web conference (English web conferencing) meant communicating on the web forums and in the mailing lists strong> (English mailing lists) , Exchange information in asynchronous ( offline ) mode. Asynchronous web conferences have been used for a long time on the Internet for seminars, conferences, symposiums and other scientific events, since they allowed their participants, while remaining at their workplace, to participate in the presentation of reports and messages, discuss them, ask questions to the authors of reports and respond to questions of other participants of the conference.

Since this type of Internet communication was very much in demand both in business communication and as a means of supporting distance learning, very soon enough effective software tools were developed for conducting text synchronous Internet conferences - the exchange of messages online in an almost instantaneous exchange in real time). The first real-time text chat systems, such as chat ( Internet Relay Chat ) , appeared at the very beginning of the advent of the Internet, followed by similar programs for the WWW, also providing instant messaging on websites - Web chat. However, the first full-fledged (ie, providing not only text, but also audio and video communication in synchronous mode), the conference system on the Internet appeared only in the late 1990s. , after hours it was developed over the course of ten years many other similar means of communication in real time. By now, the main functional areas of the use of different types of web conferences have been formed - web forums, videoconferences, webinars.

Videoconference is used as a means of prompt decision-making in a given situation , in emergency situations, to reduce travel expenses in territorially distributed organizations, as well as as one of the elements of telemedicine and distance learning technologies. There are two modes of video conferencing that allow you to conduct two-way communications (point-to-point ) and multilateral ( mode multipoint ) videoconference.

Webinar

Webinars - a subspecies of teleconferences, used in those cases where one-sided the speaker's broadcast and minimal feedback from the audience (ie, they are in fact a technologically enriched analogue of the information interaction of the lecturer and the audience listening to it). Webinars can be collaborative - when the activity is shown by both the lecturer and the audience, and in such cases they include voting sessions and polls, that provides a more complete interaction between the audience and the facilitator (ie conducted according to the model of the seminar session). In webinars, the chat function can be built in - instant messaging between authorized participants in a webinar, which allows you to promptly ask questions and get answers to them. Webinars can have the anonymity function, or the invisibility of users, so participants in the same conference may not know about each other's presence.

On-line web conferences, webinars conducted on the basis of special software, provide the participants with the following opportunities for information interaction (used in complex or separately):

• demonstration of slide presentations;

• voice comment to the slide presentation;

• text chat;

• share access to the computer screen or individual software applications screen sharing) •,

• Sharing interactive whiteboard , whiteboard /strong> where the presenter and listeners can leave notes or comment on the items in the slide presentation;

• Real-time video communication

• Audio communication via computer in real time using headphones or speakers;

• Synchronous web browsing (English co-browsing )

• monitoring the presence of participants;

• certain types of feedback (eg, surveys or evaluations of webinar participants);

• write (save to file) the progress of the web conference and post this material to a unique web address for later viewing and listening by any user.

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