Work with graphic objects - Informatics for economists

Working with graphic objects

The ability to graphically design text is one of the features that distinguish a simple text editor from word processors. The main types of graphics that can be used to improve documents created in Word include figures, drawings, pictures, SmartArt, diagrams. All these features are combined in the Insert tab in the Illustrations group. Also, the graphics include word processing using WordArt ( Insert /group Text tab), mathematical formulas ( Insert /group Symbols ), screen shots ( Print Screen key on your computer keyboard). When you press the Print Screen key, the screenshot is placed on the clipboard, and then you can paste it anywhere in the text as a graphic.

Images and pictures can be pasted or copied to a document from many different sources, for example, downloading or copying them from websites or inserting them from files found on the computer by specifying the appropriate location address.

You can add a single shape to a text document or combine several shapes to create a drawing or a more complex shape ( Insert tab/group Illustrations ). The user has the following shapes: lines, rectangles, curly arrows, basic geometric shapes, shapes for formulas, flowchart patterns, stars and ribbons, banners and callouts.

After adding one or more shapes to them, you can add text, markers, numbering and express styles. To create the right square or circle, press and hold the SHIFT key while drawing a shape. To edit a shape, select it, then the Drawing tools toolboxes that include the Format tab appear.

To combine several shapes into one, select all the figures, one by one clicking on each of them and holding the Ctrl key. Next, on the Format tab of the Organize group, click Group .

Any graphic object can be positioned relative to the text within the document using the Location and Text Wrap commands. To do this, select a graphic, select the Format tab, and choose Organize from the Arrange command.

Economic documents quite often include various formulas that do not require calculations. For example, to write a formula that looks like this:

You can use the Microsoft Equation 3.0 object to be implemented with the Insert object command on the Insert tab in group Text .

The formula editor Microsoft Equation 3.0 offers templates for parentheses, fractions and radicals, upper and lower indices, sums, integrals, underscores and underscores, arrows with text, works and symbols of set theory, matrices, etc. All these templates are given in the Formula (Figure 7.6), which appears when the object is loaded.

In addition, to insert in the text of the formula Word 2010 offers another option - to insert a new formula or use one of the proposed on the Insert tab -

Microsoft Equation 3.0 Equation Formula Bar

Fig. 7.6. The Formula editor of Microsoft Equation 3.0

in the Symbols group. When you select this path, the constructor opens to create formulas.

The SmartArt tool ( Insert tab/group Illustrations ) allows you to create complex shapes based on predefined templates such as lists, process diagrams, organizational and relative charts. When you insert a SmartArt drawing, the Working with SmartArt drawings tool appears and the Format and Constructor tabs are automatically added to the ribbon. These tabs group the commands to change the style, layout, layout effects, etc.

In Microsoft Word 2010, you can insert various types of diagrams, for example, histograms, graphs, circular or bar charts, area charts, point, stock, surface, ring, bubble and tab diagrams ( Insert tab) group Illustrations ). After selecting the desired chart type, the user enters the Microsoft Excel application, where he is asked to change the table data to build the chart. After that, Excel can be closed. If Microsoft Excel 2010 is not installed on your computer, when you create a new data chart in Word 2010, the Microsoft Graph program opens.

To make changes to the diagram, select it. After that, the Work with Charts toolbox will appear, including the Constructor , Layout , and Format tabs.

You can use special text effects, such as the WordArt tool ( Insert /group Text ) to design the text headers. After selecting the WordArt command, you are asked to specify the appearance of the text and in the window that appears, enter the text. At the cursor position, the inscription appears. To correct the WordArt text, you need to double-click on it and make changes using the buttons from the Format tab, which was automatically added to the tape.

thematic pictures

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