A selection of identifiable hazards

Health and Safety Task 2

P3 Describe a range of identifiable hazards associated with deep excavations and scaffolding when working from levels. Explain who may be at risk from these potential Hazards?

Working from Heights: When working from heights it is essential to keep in mind to be careful due to numerous risks when doing so, there is quite a lot of professions that work from large levels, but the most typical one in the development industry is scaffolding. So I'll give you a few examples of hazards associated with scaffolding;

Falling from said height: The problems here are obvious, depending what lengths you fall and what you strike when heading down and undoubtedly how and what you land on all determine how much harm you will need. Now the simplest way to ensure people don't land of scaffolding is by having safeness rails and obstacles all the way around the programs but this may are expensive of money if indeed they make it completely safeguarded completely around, so they need to make the scaffolder's on site aware of any certain areas that are more dangerous than others for example a gap where ladders are from the region below, a location that's not as well covered as it is not an area of high traffic. When discussing falling from heights and who gets harmed anticipated to it this will rarely involve the public as they should not be climbing the scaffolding to be able to fall, which means this will most likely only impact the individuals.

Objects falling from height: Things falling from elevation is one of the key causes of injury and fatality in the development industry, this is because of the nature of the things and the large heights that are being used on site for example, a whole lot of bricks and iron poles land from the top of scaffolding that could be of up to a 30m building or even more, this is excatly why P. P. E like hard hats were released because we discovered hazards such as this and realised this was the best course of action. Objects slipping from height can be quite dangerous to the moving public when you can find scaffolding being done on a busy main road for example, we now put measures Set up so that the public should be a certain distance away, as well as having netting they're to catch the slipping debris. Obviously workers are also damaged and wiped out from falling items quite regularly as well.

Deep Excavations:

Deep Excavations is where you have dug a rather large hole that requires foundations to keep the surface from caving inwards and crushing what ever is inside. Now clearly this is dangerous job because there are always a couple of major risks that are involved for example, the ground caving in around you, insufficient air in the tunnels, and digging in areas of danger.

Ground Caving In: There is a great risk of the ground caving in while digging, just how around this problem is by creating foundations as you complement, these foundations will keep the factors from caving in, this is the most common risk when doing deep excavations, as sometimes people don't make strong foundations and the foundations could break resulting in a cave in.

Lack of Oxygen: There's a chance when working so low down that there will be a lack of oxygen, obviously we have found ways around this with Oxygen tanks etc but, there continues to be a fear that the air will be slim and cause you to pass out.

Digging in areas of danger: There is also the threat of digging in dangerous areas when digging for example an electricity cable television running along the ground, or major drinking water pipes could also cause serious problems if harmed when digging. So that it is vital to check the area that you are digging in properly to ensure that there isn't anything that could cause problems when digging.

P4 Review and assess the main rule top features of a risk assessment for these circumstances and determine the key differences between dangers and dangers?

Risk Assessments:

There are four principle top features of a risk assessment they are;

Every employer must take an evaluation of the risk to their works and non-employees at work, the risk examination that has been taken must then be assessed in case you can find any changes needed to it, and then specific risk assessments must be completed on young individuals employed at the job. These principles are incredibly important they are why is risk assessments work, unless you adhere to certain concepts for example things could go wrong; Every employer must take and assessment of the risk to their works and non-employees at work, this is arguably the most crucial of the four as this is the basic foundations for the rest, it is important to remember that the risk assessments that are taken are also for the general public not simply for employees. Second the undertaken risk evaluation must be analyzed this is because of the actual fact that there could be a few risks missing, or on the other side they might have added a few dangers that weren't there by any means.

There is also five details to consider when doing a risk assessment these are: Identify the hazards, decide who might be harmed, measure the risks and safety measures to be placed in place, then track record your conclusions and review your prior risk diagnosis and upgrade it.

Difference between a Risk and a Risk: A Risk is something that possibly has the capacity to cause damage for example things such as hot water/steam, electricity whereas a Risk is the likeliness of this said Hazard taking place, for example electricity is being transferred threw a wire this is a potential risk, there is absolutely no risk until the cable for example has been broken, there is a risk of being electrocuted therefore i becomes a risk.

M1 Carry out a risk diagnosis for the duty associated with the construction of an retaining wall. Be sure you consider the 5 steps to a risk examination.

Introduction: First before I really do a risk analysis I'm going to quickly explain just what a retaining wall membrane is and make a diagram so it will be better to understand where I've found the risks and just why I see them as dangers.

Retaining Walls: A keeping wall is a style of wall structure that is employed more specifically for holding back mud/stone again from a certain building/area; retaining surfaces if erected properly can be extremely effective at fighting back erosion of the dirt around the retaining wall. They are built by digging down and creating foundations and building the wall from the foundations up.

D1 Justify your risk diagnosis strategy with automobile accident data and data available and make clear how you have taken all fair and practicable steps for control actions monitoring that you think essential.

Measures In Place

I think that we have taken all steps that are crucial to regulate the dangers adjoining building a retaining wall, with a deep excavation for the foundations of the wall structure. We have found every threat that we deem worth risk and graded said risk, we've put actions in place to make sure that these risks are prevented for example; when digging an deep excavation there is fantastic risk that the bottom can cave in from the edges, we get around this by ensuring we've safe sturdy foundations, ensuring they are looked after is vital as its no good having foundations if there heading to break due to negligence. It really is clear that it is essential to have the right controls set up as the structure industry is an extremely dangerous place. So in conclusion I believe we have were able to cover every risk there, and so long as we adhere to what measure that have been set we have to be a lot safer than before.

Data on mishap records

It is important to back again up the risk examination with recent data concerning prove that there is a decline in people getting hurt and that the options that people are investing in place over the years are making a difference. The first group of results shows the amount of injuries due to dropping from levels in the structure industry between 1996 - 2008, the next group of results show the amount of injuries anticipated to falling from levels in the development industry between 2008 to 2009; it shows the three main types of damage, Fatal, Major and over 3 day traumas.

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