Historical record (who wants the project? And just why?)
The Emirates Stadium is made on a ex - brownfield industrial real estate known as Ashburton Grove in Islington, London; to give a home floor for Arsenal FC. Arsenal FC's previous stadium in Highbury, of which it was named after, was located only half a mile away from the emirates.
The capacity of Highbury was small in comparison to other "top-flight" position football clubs and therefore expansions were suggested. However, due to surrounding transfer and residential amenities, further to local specialist planning objections, the room for extension was not a lot of at the existing ground.
Corporate hospitality management via corporate viewing boxes is an integral business network to Arsenal FC as a way of securing deals for the advantage of the golf clubs financial capital. Highbury however, was incapable of accommodating the growing wealth of prospective clients bearing fascination with the team. The proposition of boosting corporate human relationships and discussions was an integral number in the platform plans for a new stadium.
Sporting successes at Arsenal FC acquired also widened their group of fans and the demand for match seat tickets was outweighing the supply. Stakeholders within the ownership of the membership were eventually underutilised and opportune earnings was missed; this is sacrificial to the potential clients of future investment.
After selective concern of various locations ideal for Arsenal FC and their respected supporters it was therefore decided on the flip of the millennium, a new stadium was to be developed on the Ashburton Grove site. The functions of generating higher capital to permit the team to financially contest with a few of the biggest sports teams in Europe whilst also providing high grade facilities to their many supporters exhibited an unwavering perseverance for the night clubs advancement.
This was the birth of the 'Emirates Stadium'. Islington, London; was in advance, a waning borough and the new stadium was seen as a solution to contribute to the regeneration of the region. BUY OUT EXISTING OCCUPANTS ON ASHBURTON GROVE - very costly Islington councils waste material recycling seed Royal mail Holloway delivery office Two bridges over the North city railway were also built attaching the stadium with drayton park wer also built. Framework of the project (Financing, Objectives, Constraints etc. ).
In order for Arsenal FC to invest in the approximate 275m task, the sales of existing surplus land investments was essential to allow their financiers to provide sufficient assisting gain for a case in obtaining a sizable loan to invest in the rest.
Highbury was demolished and redeveloped (with the exception of the 'east stand' scheduled to heritage listing) into what is now known as Highbury Square; an allotment of enclosure units that were sold to generate over 300m in last conclusion sales (presently payable in instalments to Arsenal FC). Sportswear make 'Nike', also contributed to the project funding through their multi-million pound sponsorship deal that is still binding at the moment.
At the beginning of 2004, the task order time, Ashburton Properties, a subservient of Arsenal Holdings plc, was created in order to get access to financing over 200m from a bank set up that specialised in stadium facilities management and money. Noteworthy bank companies in this particular set up include: the RBS (Royal Lender of Scotland plc), THE LENDER of Ireland and Allied Irish Banking companies plc.
Towards the finish of 2004, a 100. 2m corporate and business sponsorship deal have been struck between 'Emirate Airlines' and Arsenal FC. Among the significant terms of this deal made up of Emirates buying the naming privileges of the stadium which led to the stadium being known as the 'Emirates Stadium' rather than it's original 'Ashburton Grove'.
Multi-faceted, Evaluation, Feasibility
Complicated cash flow, site assembly, waste materials plant location, residential, demolition and disposal, advertisements.
2-stage tender: Taylor Wimpey & Sir Robert McAlpine "Main Contractors" (There Project Administrator was Gulf Christiansen) Also have Excel Centre, London.
Construction team was entirely site-based (Contractors and Consultants); problems were resolved quickly, minimal price, dispute resolution.
Financial, Programme capital; certainty of delivery time - half way through season? X Time "of the essence"
Stakeholder examination (Conflicts and resolutions)
Construction of the Emirates stadium started out promptly after the tender had been signed in February 2004. Leading UK building and civil anatomist company 'Sir Robert McAlpine' was given the contract as the main contractor to complete the job.
Global designs practice 'Populous' (previously known as 'HOK Sport') were in charge of the architecture and design of the stadium. They are and are lead architects on many large assignments of similar aspect throughout the united kingdom and across the globe e. g. Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, Wales; Wembley National Stadium, London; and the 2014 Asian Games Stadium, Incheon, South Korea.
UK-based consultant designers 'Buro Happold' provided solutions in both structural and services executive design to the stadium.
'Arcadis AYH' (formerly AYH) were at first appointed as task and cost professionals to the project, however, their role quickly extended as the administering and relocation of over 80 businesses at Arsenal FC's previous site was required. This allowed for commercial and personal improvements within Islington to be cross-funded and finally made provision for the new casing allotments and a new throw away and recycling centre for the Islington Borough.
Private funded, Private job/ deal (Onus on who?)
Local communities; business displacement, working with local specialists.
Sustainability issues and agendas (Impact, Issues and resolutions)
Due to the Emirate's stadium being built upon a former brownfield professional site, Buro Happold thought it was essential to carry out an environmental impact assessment of the real estate so that any polluted earth found could be re-generated and re-used to provide better earth conditions for the stadiums foundations.
Buro Happold's engineering expertise in producing the form and structure of the Emirates Stadium was extensively examined to "minimise the environmental impact and represent the aspirations of the neighborhood community". Probably one of the most noticeable design solutions provided by Buro Happold's to meet these aims, is the clear downward sloping roof covering that forms an all natural 'dish' which augments the stadiums micro-climate.
When creating the job, Populous tried to coalesce the needs of the end-users with an environmentally acoustics composition. As the Architects of the stadium, their ideas integrated took accounts of multiple contributors to the ecological agenda that is ever-growing in the UK, particularly within cities such as higher London.
The incorporation of natural 'passive' ventilation systems throughout the stadium has made way for a more nice environmental local climate whilst also deducing the necessity for mechanical ventilation systems which can truly add to the released emissions count.
Solar electricity systems through goblet cladding and skylights have also been fitted to donate to their 'power-saving' ethos that may potentially prove 'money-saving' during the lifetime of the project.
Not only will the stadium have lasting measures built-into its design however the surrounding new-build trends are also built to requirements lay out under the BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Analysis Method) Eco Homes suggestions. These form area of the Code for Sustainable Homes; a standard in voluntary frameworks for sustainable development.
'Desso Sports activities Systems'; a corporation that specialise in man-made turfs for sports activities and recreation presently provide the stadium with their pitch. They state that their synthetic lawn fibres can be recycled for ". . . civil-engineering applications. . . or as unnatural turf" and are keen to stress the idea that only environmentally friendly, biodegradable chemical products are used to clean the turf.
Section 106 TCPA, obligation to support and facilitate job area
Newlon Enclosure Trust; Social Housing
Evaluation of risks
Even with the new Emirates stadium as the house earth for Arsenal FC, the current demand for seat tickets still greatly outweighs the supply. The mother board of directors are said to be in the process of seeking to increase the stadium because of this. It really is however, most unlikely that the level of the resource will be matched by the demand due to the sheer fan-base the football club possesses and the feasibility of making such a huge amount extra to the existing development.
The risks of the potential development include jeopardising the sustainability issues mentioned (above) so the stadium only fulfills the requirements of today's and is also sacrificial to getting together with the demands into the future (Brundtland).
What must also be borne in mind is from what extent the extra capacity will bring in conditions of earnings. With economies of scale in highly populated areas such as London, the capital gain of a lot more sales made may well not prove profitable and may drastically add to the clubs overall net doubt; regarded as around 200m 3Q 2009.
Motor vehicle use and other forms of private transport never have been well integrated in to the stadiums design and encompassing location. It has not been by mistake and the coders want to promote the utilization of public travel (possibly tied along with the sustainable communities' agenda). There were recent upgrades on the tube at Holloway Place (Arsenal FC's local station) and even more buses have been added to frequently provide services to the stadium.
The potential hazards of counting on public transport are: inaccuracies in times, traffic congestion and provision for handicapped supporters access to the bottom.
Compulsory purchase orders
Stigma with basketball stadiums e. g. Wembley, Birse - walker stadium, laing o'rourke - millennium stadium
Economic and business related factors
From a marketing point of view; the emirates stadium was simply financially influenced. The golf clubs successes had expanded to an interest rate which was over-utilising its existing resources and many opportune costs resulted. As an creativity to providing Arsenal FC with the utmost potential for income gain, a totally new and improved stadium for the complete club was viewed as the most serviceable idea to look at.
Not about football stadium, regeneration of Islington
Trying to can get on the local regulators side
Reflection on project's management
* Arcadis AYH (2006), Professional Services: Property: Lifestyle: Stadia & Athletics: Projects: Emirates Stadium, available from [Accessed 08/02/10].
* Building (2007), Emirates Stadium enhances Arsenal FC's Results; Basketball clubs income jumps 46% pursuing move from Highbury, available from [Accessed 08/02/10].
* DesignBuild-Network (2008), Projects: Emirates Stadium, Ashburton Grove, London, United Kingdom, available from [Accessed 08/02/10].
* DesignBuild-Network (2008), Tasks: Emirates Stadium, Ashburton Grove, London, UK: Requirements, available from [Accessed 08/02/10].
* E-architect (2008), Arsenal Stadium, London; Information and Images, available from [Accessed 08/02/10].
* Sir Robert McAlpine (2006), Jobs: Emirates Stadium, available from [Accessed 08/02/10].
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