Assignment on Individual Trafficking and Prostitution

Human trafficking and prostitution both aren't new issues to get noticed. In south Asian countries, human trafficking and prostitution are getting out of focus as if there is absolutely no right called human being right. Bangladesh is one of the south asian countries where human protection under the law aren't developed yet.

Human trafficking, especially in children and women, has been increasing in Bangladesh. This legal business is associated with the globalization and this business is growing across the world. Human trafficking, in simple fact, is a trade in individuals flesh, particularly if girls fall prey to it. After the trafficking part, prostitution comes in second. Most of the time it has been seen that trafficked women or children works as prostitution in other countries. Some over 25, 000 women and children are trafficked from the Bangladesh abroad each year, which is very alarming for Bangladesh. In terms for individuals trafficking and prostitution women and children are the most frequent victims than men. "Bangladesh is called a source country as men, women and children from poorer and susceptible families are accumulated and smuggled out of India, Pakistan, UAE, European countries, America etc".

As a developing country Bangladesh is not aware of the Human being Right (trafficking or prostitution) which is mandatory for a civilized region. Bangladeshi administration is not taking effective steps to remove real human trafficking and prostitution problems. In Bangladesh mainly poor people are getting engaged into that problem. Lack of proper monitoring, managing and effective execution of laws against individual trafficking and prostitution will be the root causes of that problem. You will discover enough regulations in Bangladesh on real human rights but almost all of them are inactive that is why criminals are getting chances to do more offense. Because of poor execution of regulations most the victims are not getting right justice. If Bangladesh authorities takes successful steps to reduce that problem then your human protection under the law will be survived otherwise proper civilization can't be designed for Bangladeshi people.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND PROSTITUTION IN BANGLADESH

Human trafficking includes transporting people away from the communities where they live by the threat or use of violence, deception or coercion in order to be exploited as obligated or enslaved personnel for sex or labor. When children are trafficked, no assault, deception or coercion must be involved, it is merely the work of carrying them into exploitative work constitutes trafficking. The Constitution claims that each individual is eligible for choose her own vocation/occupation or trade. Taking advantage of the vulnerability of the poverty-stricken or opportunity seeking people, unscrupulous folks (flesh investors) power, entice, lure or sell minors and other gullible individuals into prostitution. They make them execute affidavits in front of false magistrates/impersonators saying they have vanished into prostitution of their own volition and they are over 18 years of age.

Most reports highlight that, in recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of children and women being trafficked from Bangladesh into India and other countries. The sources of trafficking and the factors leading to this apparent increases in recent years are multiple and complicated. These factors are inlayed within the socioeconomic composition of the country and require an in-depth analysis. According to the trafficking record it's been seen that we now have some group which have become victims, those groupings can be classified as poor women and children, empty women, widows and segregated women, ladies of broken young families, migrants, cultural minorities. Those trafficked victims are used for obligated labor (home work, plantation work, and factory work), pressured intimate service (prostitution, barmaids, work in love-making tourism industry and pornography), begging, smuggling, organ deal, camel jockeying.

In Bangladesh there are a few approaches of human trafficking some of these are available a person by members of the family, neighbor, and friends, luring out a person with a promises of job or marriage, kidnapping a person. A lot of the situations women and children are generally recruited from rural areas or small cities. Within the transshipment process they are really handed over and bought out by numerous procurers, agents and intermediaries, usually not known to regulators as ones with unlawful. Traffickers usually take help of local people and villagers to identify poor households. Traffickers operate in an interior network having agents make contracts with unsuspecting women and children around bus and coach stations.

Prostitution is legal in Bangladesh but corresponding to our culture and community system that will not pick Bangladesh. Based on the law Feminine prostitution with minimum years 18 is legal. Male prostitution is unlawful. Feminine prostitution is legal, Male prostitution is illegal, although local NGOs claimed it's quite common in the major towns. The government bodies generally disregarded the minimum time of 18, often circumvented by false statements of age, for legal woman prostitution. The government rarely prosecuted procurers of minors, and large numbers of underage young ladies in prostitution performed in brothels. Local NGOs believed the total range of female prostitutes was as much as 100, 000. The UN Children's Finance (UNICEF) predicted in 2004 that there were

10, 000 underage ladies found in commercial sexual exploitation in the country, but other estimations placed the shape as high as 29, 000. Trafficking of women internally and internationally remained a problem 6. As many as 10, 000 children were used in brothels for commercial sexual exploitation, and procurers of minors were rarely prosecuted. Government corruption greatly facilitated the process of trafficking. Law enforcement officials and local government officials often dismissed trafficking in women and children for commercial intimate exploitation and were easily bribed by brothel owners and pimps.

Trafficking and Prostitution's Routes in Bangladesh:

6 US Team of State Bureau of Democracy, People Privileges, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Survey: Bangladesh, " 7 Rahman Mahfuzur, Individuals Trafficking: Children and Women are the worst victims. (Bangladesh: Reports Network, 2004). P. 25

Bangladesh and India have 4, 222 km of common edges stretching over 28 districts of Bangladesh. Relating to options, Brahmanbaria, Chittagong, Chuadanga, Comilla, Coxs Bazar, Dinajpur, Jessore, Jhenaidah, Joypurhat, Jushtia, Lalmonirhat, Meherpur, Chapainawabganj, Nilpahar, Panchagarh, Rajshahi and Satkhira will be the districts through which children and women are generally smuggled out of the country. Now this trafficking and prostitution aren't included in just India, now speeded in other countries as Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Japan 7.

Purposes of Individual Trafficking and Prostitution in Bangladesh:

Bangladesh is not a developed country so many sufferings are here for folks. Poor people suffer from a whole lot as food problem, health problem, sanitation, cloth problem, education problem and some other sufferings, there is no end. From these problems those individuals get involved in unethical works. Some part of the people take chances of suffered people and use them for trafficking or cover. So the volume of trafficked and prostitute are increasing in Bangladesh daily. Poverty is obviously generating rural young women to locations. They take job in the garment factories or are housemaids or in virtually any other areas. Their employers sexually misuse and harass them and lastly drive them thus loosing chastity to the career of prostitution. Prostitution is not a new phenomenon in Bangladesh. Religious beliefs although does not permit prostitution, its law will not prevent a woman from learning to be a prostitute if she likes to be. This oldest organization having enrooted deep in the world can not be abolished overnight. None of them can, however, define individual prostitution simply as the use of sexual reactions for an ulterior purpose. This would include a great part of all social patterns, especially that of women. It could include matrimony, for example, wherein women trade their sexual mementos for an monetary and social status given by men. Being repressed under growing financial crises, women and modest girls are obligated to engage in prostitution for survival. Increasingly more children are subscribing to this job. While almost all of them start this profession under the repression of monetary hardship they face several vulnerabilities. They can be forced to share their hard-earned money with an authorized. Guardian such as elder sisters, brothers, parents are recognizing this profession. It is difficult to really have the information of floating and hotel gender workers given that they neither have any particular locations nor do they maintain any enrollment. It's important to ensure proper execution of the laws and regulations regarding the protection under the law of the gender workers and ensure their total liberty in order to take as much clients as their bodies enable. However, Hotel sex working is an rising dynamics of gender working in Bangladesh in conditions of the pace and amounts with the declining development of brothel intimacy with the next eviction of the oldest and biggest brothels in Bangladesh.

Law against Individuals Trafficking and Prostitution:

Laws and rules are available in Bangladesh but problem is the execution of legislations is the main problem. We do not practice what's based on the law and rules. The energy of legislation is bit low here that is why the criminal offenses and problem rates are increasing in Bangladesh day by day. In the case of trafficker and business of prostitution, laws and regulations aren't becoming very effective against that.

Under Bangladeshs Suppression of Violence Against Women and Children action (2000) trafficking of women and children is outlawed. Harsh fines are recommended for traffickers. However, this rules is frequently not put in place and fails to safeguard the privileges of people who've been trafficked.

Most of the trafficked ladies in Bangladesh conclude as young prostitutes. Young girls from poor family members, lures by offers of jobs, marriage, invariably land into brothels on both factors of the border. According to the suppression of immoral Trafficking Work 1933, offers abuse for forcing a woman into prostitution. In Section 11 of the Work provides a penalty of maximum three years of imprisonment or fine or both9.

RECOMMENDATION Man Trafficking and Prostitution is not really a local problem but global problem. Bangladesh administration is aware of the challenge of trafficking and has adopted measures to avoid it. One such strategy is the strengthening of border posts. However, the sheer length of Bangladesh's boundary with India and Burma helps it be impossible to avoid people crossing the borders. Another solution is the strengthening of legislation and increasing punishments for trafficking. There are a few steps which can help minimize the communal problem of People trafficking and Prostitution which are mentioned below

Strengthening laws against unethical works (trafficking, smuggling etc. )

Increasing Federal government monitoring system and controlling system.

Permitting more NGOs and communal realtors to increase recognition (A uniform plan of action on the problem of trafficking of women and children involving the government authorities and NGOs of the region must be developed, so that a coordinated approach toward the conviction of traffickers is possible)

Minimizing the rate of problem and fulfilling the basic rights of individual.

Increasing media visibility and social awareness activities. (for example media's reporting and cultural activities on creation of consciousness have been effective in making people aware of the deceptive mechanisms used by the agents of trafficking. )

Government can take measures where folks have complete control over food and livelihood.

Increasing the Awareness-raising Program, Monitoring and Support Services to victims.

CONCLUSION The trafficking concern is closely associated with the human protection under the law issue with important ramifications in the area of health, law-enforcing, and socioeconomic development in general. Poverty, attitudes toward women and deeply-entrenched gender discrimination, unemployment, social norms about relationship, well-organized nationwide and international networks of traffickers, and poor law-enforcing companies are few critical factors associated with trafficking of women and children in Bangladesh. This criminal activity cannot be resolved through tougher laws and regulations alone. Several legislations, like the Women and Children Repression Elimination Act, 2000, already provide penalties for violence against women and children, including trafficking and kidnapping. Yet, execution of the legislations remains a formidable concern. In Bangladesh communal and financial vulnerability of women and children have left them with just a few options to eke out a livelihood. For that reason crimes are increasing as well as Environmental degradation, ecological erosion all these systems further speed up the process. Therefore the traffickers are taking benefits of that situation also prostitution business gets higher. The government must take effective options to defeat the rising issue of real human trafficking and prostitution.

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