Do Correctional Officials Abuse Their Expert?

Correction officers carry considerable ability and power within the corrections system. These are responsible for maintaining self-control and order within the center of which they work. Many people view modification officers as the cause of violence within the prisons and prison. Others view correction officers as those who find themselves professional, honest, and carry good moral expectations. I purpose a questionnaire consisting of yes, no, and no reply answer selections will help in determining the cause of violence, part of the dark figure of offense, and what ratio of correction officials actually follow by the guidelines and legislation.

Correctional Officials: Do They Mistreatment Their Expert or Provide Equivalent Treatment

Are correctional officials abusing their powers and authority by mistreating inmates or could they be justice providers and treat the inmates ethically and reasonable? Many people are lead to assume that inmates are being cared for inhumanely by power or coercion into negative living environment and are being cared for unethically by the officers who judge them in line with the crime they have got dedicated, or by their associations within the service. Others view correctional officers as the reason for an offender to relapse or even to become repeat offenders. The objective of this research is to ascertain if the procedure correction officers give inmates have an effect on the criminal offenses rate in the facility, to ascertain if inmates are mistreated, to ascertain if officials allow one another to mistreat inmates, misuse their authority, and to show that study can contribute to the general understanding of crime or coverage responses to crime.

The purpose of this research is to ascertain if correctional officials violate inmates in any way. The reason is also to determine why violence continues to be taking place in prisons following the prisoners have been convicted of a criminal offense and given their sentences. This study will also show the way the correction officer job is turning out to be a multitasked profession. Not merely is this research going to be utilized showing how correctional officials are treating the inmates, but it will show whether or not more violence is occurring by the inmates towards other inmates or whether or not correctional officials have something to do with the violence occurring within the facility.

Literature Review

There have been prior studies on correctional officer's regarding the abuse of authority. There were experiments conducted including the Stanford prison test which discovered that correctional officers do feel like they have more electric power and can treat the inmates however they feel just like. One perspective you can perceive from the Stanford jail experiment is the fact ordinary people change after they are put into a predicament where they think that they can dominate (Zimbardo, 1999-2009). The impact of social forces impacts the behavior and the way a person reacts to the problem (Clements, 1999). The results of that experiment strongly suggested that using situations, behavior is applicable itself which causes the person to do something accordingly to the problem.

In another review, by Wolff, Shi and Siegel (2009), research concluded that people within the prison system have above-average rates of victimization during both years as a child and adulthood. The correctional adjustments are recognized for the violence between inmates and personnel. The study found evidence exhibiting the rates of victimization being higher in a prison setting up then that in a community setting. In a study that evaluated the characteristics of the official and the investigations of the use of force, there have been conclusions made that there is excessive use of drive happening in the correctional facilities. McElvain and Kposowa (2004) acknowledged that departmental experience was the most powerful predictor of investigations for alleged use of force. While race experienced no result, gender did. Males were more likely to be looked into for the use of make than females. Also, more youthful officers were more likely to be investigated than older officials.

There is definitely a history of prison assault and correctional officials abusing the authority. According to Gross (2008), record is replete with occurrences of seemingly good people committing horrendous acts of assault in what they consider to be the pursuit or protection of justice and right. Gross (2008) talked about experiments including the Stanford Prison Experiment and the BBC Jail Study. Aside of his debate figured both prison studies shown that under some circumstances, some individuals avoid going-with-the-flow of group-associated brutality. Gross (2008) also continued to state that when a person with power over a group of individuals varies in their zero-tolerance stance towards brutality, then brutality may emerge anywhere.

There have been numerous studies on correctional officials and brutality including experiments and questionnaires. Butterfield (2004) discusses physical and intimate mistreatment of prisoners, similar from what has been uncovered in Iraq, takes place in American prisons with little public knowledge or matter, corresponding to corrections officers, inmates and individual rights advocates.


The Profession

Under the job explanation for a correction officer, one will dsicover that their responsibilities include having the ability to guard the prisons in accordance with the set forth policies, procedures, codes, and laws. The officers' responsibilities include watching and protecting the inmates from injury, break free, and contraband, as well as fights that use amongst the inmates. Officers are allowed to search any inmate that they feel is a risk, as well as directing the inmates to where or what they need to go and do in order to maintain discipline. Correction officers' profession can get challenging because of the verbal and internal maltreatment that they experience.

Within the line of their obligations, there are several situations that officers can be placed for the reason that can have an effect on the officials' judgments and actions. Correctional officers have no law enforcement protection under the law beyond the prison. Not having the ability to enforce regulations outside of the prison may lead to correctional officers to desire to be more severe within the region that they are allowed to enforce regulations and have authority(McElvain & Kposowa, 2004).


The record of corrections, guards, and official goes back to the 12th Century under King Henry II when he began a structured courtroom system for controlling all criminal charges. During the Old and Medieval Time, correctional targets were more about retribution and retaliation rather then incarceration and proportionate sentences. By the middle 1700s, tactics were becoming violent and bloody being completely out of proportion with the seriousness of the offense. John Howard, a well known prison reformer began the age of establishing successful means of penal treatment and crime avoidance. (Henry II of England, 2008)

According to Villanueva (2007), lots of the early 1600s correctional methods were based upon the British law and techniques. ' The roots of the system began during the colonial times in the initial thirteen colonies. ' The jails were used for individuals who have been awaiting trial or who cannot pay their fees and fines. ' Corporal consequence was made to be looked at by the general public as a kind of deterrence. ' Through the past due 1700s to the early-mid 1800s, the penitentiary was designed and developed. '

The Pennsylvania System and the New York Auburn System were two of the most important penitentiaries to the corrections system. ' These two systems were designed during a time of land and inhabitants growth. ' Close to the beginning of the 1900s, probation and parole became a broad aspect of corrections. ' Juvenile courts were founded and the courtroom system took a person case approach. ' Throughout the rest of the 1900s until today's present time, corrections required on the perspectives of providing medical services, community service, and crime elimination and control (Villanueva, 2007).

Corruption in Corrections

Corruption in the corrections system can and has lead to the dark number of criminal offense. ' A couple of instances where correction officers allow things to continue that they know is against insurance policy, rules, and laws. ' Correction officials know that whatever goes on within the prisons when working with the inmates, they have got the upper side. The officials can drive the inmates or other faculty members into doing something or making something go by without saying anything, even though it is unlawful from different perspectives. Young officers should feel the need to follow the rules more tightly than the officers that are older with more experience. The young officers' characteristics should become more ethical than those of aged officers who is aware of how the procedure of the system, however all correctional officials should carry high honest and moral requirements.

The work environment for correction officials is a very challenging and dangerous place. ' Correction Officials have one of the best rates of non-fatal on-the-job accidents. ' Several injuries take place during confrontations with the inmates. ' The newer facilities are well ventilated, temp controlled, and well lighted while other facilities are more aged with little to no ventilation, no temp handles, and the lamps is poor. ' In conditions like these, working under stress and pressure would be increased because the type of the job (Bureau of Labor, 2009). Correctional facilities are recognized to have an impact on the inmates as well as the staff literally and psychologically. Recent experience of victimization could be relevant causes for adult legal activity. It might be prevalent to identify and identify this sensation.

Suggested Quality Research

In today's contemporary society, many people think that inmates are cared for poorly after they are incarcerated, while on the other hands, other people believe that the inmates are getting the procedure that they need. I have designed a study study that would help in deciding if correction officials violate the inmates in any way. The strategy would consist of a questionnaire that covered twenty questions with YES, NO, no REPLY answer selections. A copy of the suggested questionnaire may be obtained by calling the writer through the associated university. This review could donate to general understanding of crime or insurance policy responses to criminal offense and I feel that it might be equally as beneficial as other similar research or even more significant. The response choices will help in guaranteeing that the genuine answers received will help improve the operational chain of control and the circulation strategies within corrections system.

The correctional officials can sometimes come with an have an effect on on why inmates take action a certain way or why they do certain what to themselves and or others. I'd like this research showing officials that correctional officers allow one another to mistreat inmates without stating a word to anyone. This research will also allow correctional officers to speak anonymously in what is certainly going on in the facility and how they are really dealing with the offenders, whether it is positive or negative by other officers and or personnel. A predicted result of the research would be that correctional officers do abuse their expert, and that there are crimes happening inside the prison directly caused by officers actions or immediately from the officers.

Fellner (2004) talks about that lately, U. S. prison inmates have been beaten with fists and batons, stomped on, kicked, shot, stunned with electronic devices, doused with substance sprays, choked, and slammed face first onto concrete floors by the officers whose job it is to protect them. Inmates have were left with broken jaws, smashed ribs, perforated eardrums, missing teeth, burn scars -- not forgetting psychological marks and psychological pain. Some have even passed on as the outcome. Men and women prisoners could face staff rape and multiple varieties of sexual mistreatment and then your officers will bribe, coerce, or violently power the inmates for certain favors. Men and women inmates can experience correctional officers' mistreatment and exploitation for most different reasons.

Parsons-Pollard (2006) believe the study of ethics in legal justice has proliferated over the past 25 years as the public demands a higher level of moral accountability for those in professional positions. The ethics of legal justice pros should be very precise allowing no room for anybody to be corrupt within the system. The ethical principles of your corrections official should be identified according to the expected activities of correctional officials. If the officials' will not abide by their regulations within their work place, then the correction officer profession might not be well suited for them.

The bottom line and analysis of the result from this analysis will help to determine if correctional officers are abusing the inmates and exactly how they will talk about the condition. Sometimes, correctional officials abuse the inmates and eliminate what privileges the inmates do have, which makes it very obvious within the jail facilities that there surely is violence occurring that could be prevented. The best way to conquer this issue is to provide personnel with adequate training on handling their frustrations and anger issues, and establish a well communicated personnel. Even though the inmates are incarcerated for a reason, that doesn't mean that inmates should get poor treatment from the officers while they are really incarcerated. The correctional officers is there to provide security amongst the prison populations and officials should not judge the inmates matching to their criminal offense, the judge has already done it.

Correction officers have to have current training and development in regards to their positions at the center. They need to have a knowledge of the application of law and exactly how it is applied to those incarcerated. They ought to know the Constitutional Protection under the law as well as the federal and jail requirements for their state and province. Each correction officer should be able to conduct searches of both inmates and the areas they are permitted access such as their cell. It might be relevant to have substance abuse prevention training to have a working understanding of what substances are being used and abused and exactly how.

There are several areas of corrections. The inmates may all keep different point of views when it comes to the way they view incarceration. One may view incarceration in an effort to do something unlawful, get caught and incarcerated, but still have the ability to get all the free great things about being incarcerated such as free food, drinking water, sleeping corridors, television, computer/internet, and legal services. Those incarcerated have far more benefits and opportunities a lot of people that are hardly keeping up in life. Another might view prison as the most devastating experience that they have ever encountered. You will find physical, mental, and psychological conditions that arise with those that are incarcerated and the officer must have the ability to understand their changes in behavior in order to maintain discipline.

There are situations that could occur within the facilities where in fact the correction officer would need to report to courtroom. A significant area that they should be been trained in would be courtroom testimony. Other important areas that they must be trained in would be record writing, and how to take fingerprints, pictures, and id of the offenders being prepared.


Apart of any vocation, the employee can provide their company with professionalism, ethics and morals, and proficient communication skills. These three elements are an important area of the correction officers' career. As apart of working out that they obtain, the Correction officers should be well trained in how to respond to a predicament where an inmate has used someone else within the service as a hostage. A modification officer also needs to be able to respond sufficiently to a situation where there's a barricaded area. If any disaster were to use, the correction officials should be able to act in response as sufficiently as possible.

Offenders all have different reasons as to why these are incarcerated and they're all going to cope with those reasons the best way they know how. Some may well not have the ability to offer with those issues turning them into problems. Psychological issues, abnormal patterns, and thoughts and threats of suicide are all going to be widespread when working with a group of scammers in a relatively small area. When riots, battles, and or disorder begins to unfold in the prisons and jails, the correction officers are people responsible for being able to react to the situations.

There are situations that a correction officer may face daily that could cause prisoner abuse allegations. Prisoners are incarcerated for a specific reason and they are there because they dedicated a crime and have been sentenced. The judge is in charge of giving the inmates the word that they have earned therefore no standard except the judge should be in charge of offering the inmates the procedure as well as the sentence that they get. Modification officers' tend to want to give the inmates the 'treatment they have earned' and that leads to the abuse of inmates. This mistreatment is aside of the 'dark body of criminal offense' which is crime that goes unnoticed, unaccounted for, and unpunished.

Inmates that are providing their sentences appropriately are being punished by regulations and they don't need any additional appalling treatment, unless these are behaving out or leading to more trouble within the machine. Officers may think that because they may have the power to keep carefully the prison under control then they have the authority to treat the inmates however they desire. If indeed they feel that they can not get into trouble or won't get into trouble then they will be more prone to doing and completing the actions. There has been a long history of corrections in america from retribution to treatment and there has been a history of maltreatment of inmates from the correction officers.

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