Different areas have a tendency to be prone to crime and therefore the necessity of having appropriate interventions and measures which is adopted in the handling of the murder scenes. The paper presents analyses of how law enforcers handle murder scenes and medical and legal risks associated with processing the crime scene. Conversely, it describes the strategies that should be developed by the typical police organization to boost their murder scene handling skills.
Definitively, murder scene investigation refers to analytical use of physical evidence to deduce and obtain understanding of the events surrounding the murder. This investigation is multidisciplinary and entails use of systemic search, observation and at times lab or forensic analysis of evidence. Handling and actions taken in the beginning of murder scene investigation plays an important role in the resolution of the case (Peterson, Mihajlovic & Gilliland, 1998).
A thorough investigation provides opportunities that make sure the latent physical evidence is not contaminated or likely witnesses overlooked, since if handled badly it would lead to both health and legal risks. Going by the global standards and individual country legislations, it's vital for security personnel's to demonstrate understanding of the way to handle crime scenes (Bicheno, & Elliot, 1997). Personnel given a mandate of handling murder crime scenes need to have the required knowledge and skills that will enable them to obtain necessary evidence. Ultimately, the assessment of risk at murder scenes can be an indication that anything can occur in crime scenes and it's really important to observe caution to avoid problems associated with processing of evidence.
How POLICE Handle a Murder Scene
The great importance of undertaking murder scene investigation is to create identification and evidence you can use to disclose the reason for death also to obtain facts that can be used to bring the culprit to book, in case of murder. Murder scene investigation involves a gathering place of law, logic and science. Processing and handling of the murder scene is very tedious and long process that involve recognition, identification, documentation, assortment of evidence and analyzing of the collected evidence.
In case of suspected murder crime, law enforcers move around in as investigators, where they first seal the region of murder. That is essential to prevent contamination of the murder scene from curious onlookers. After sealing the scЁne, investigators from police agency analyze the murder scene and makes sure that nothing has been moved. Here they are able to generate preliminary hypothesis predicated on visual examination (Bodziak, 2009). With the analysis done, the law enforcers are able to obviously describe the extent of murder crime. Aside from sealing the murder scene, the authorities secure the core area where they suspect a huge amount of evidence is targeted.
After sealing the entire area, law enforcers then move to the district attorney 's chambers where they obtain search warrants. This is important because sometimes some people can have prospects of privacy in portions of the murder scene. Also if not done legally, the complete investigation process would be of little importance since the findings will not be admissible in courts (Eliopulos, 2003).
The law enforcers also demand any specialist and additional tools they think would be necessary during the process. The law enforcers also speak to first responders to determine if anything was moved or touched, and present information on anything they saw or heard during the occurrence of the murder crime. In this process, law enforcers touch nothing. Secondly, they scrupulously document the murder scene by firmly taking pictures and drawing rough drafts. Sometimes, they use video to document the scene in details without touching anything.
After documenting the scene, law enforcers then take part in the assortment of potential evidence, where they tag, log and package the data in plastic containers for laboratory analysis. The data is kept intact from where it's transported in a safe manner for analysis. The data collected is labeled accordingly in relation to place of collection, date, and kind of evidence collected. Before moving your body, regulations enforcers analyze your body carefully for just about any evidence. Here they look for marks, cuts, bruises or stains on the victim's body. In addition they check if anything is missing such as watches, rings and other personal effects (Peterson, Mihajlovic & Gilliland, 1998).
After collection of all evidence, the data is analyzed. DNA fingerprinting which is also called forensic-DNA analysis is the common method employed by law enforcers to analyze the evidence. This analysis is most reliable and affordable in such kind of scenes where for instance the body has been shot severally, burnt or even disfigured. With connection to these, the analysis provides faster mode of identification once established in such kind of scenes.
Despite the benefits associated with dealing with DNA evidence, the evidence shouldn't be collected unless the information is relevant to the murder crime in question. Therefore that the proceedings should be undertaken under given instructions from either the regulatory body's or the involved doctors.
Strategies of Handling Murder Scene Effectively in Relation to Law Enforcers
To develop efficient strategies that would promote effective handling of murder scenes for legal reasons enforcers, it is quite essential to have good management structures and businesses within the institutions dealing with crime issues to be able to promote performance within the given organization. In that case, there has been the necessity for different crime handling agencies to effectively adopt a number of measures that will assist them to advertise teamwork and concept of working together. Problems involved in processing and handling of murder crime scenes can be mitigated by adequately training the individuals involved on better procedures and ways of handling evidence (Bodziak, 2009). Aswell, community involvement and awareness is also important in making sure members of the general public have a good idea of avoiding crime scene disturbances and don't contaminate themselves. This sort of learning and training ensures all individuals engage in activities that do not promote murder scene and evidence contamination. Another method of this practice involves identification of the hazards which look like in scenes of crime you need to include mitigation measures that ought to be implemented by all. Once the problems have been identified, the next advancement is to come up with adequate plan that provide fundamental ways into how deal with exposures at the murder crime scene (Eliopulos, 2003).
Issues of Law Enforcers Face in the Process of Murder Scene Investigation
Many law enforcers are involved in murder scene investigations and they do encounter countless tribulations in response to the way they handle evidence. On their behalf, any action taken in the scene has some degree of destructive influence on the scene and in application of justice. Sometimes scenes are degraded and altered and negative data is obtained which at times is used to convict innocent individual. Poor processing of murder scenes will convict innocent people and leave real culprits free and this represents injustice in the society (Bodziak, 2009) Drastic changes in political and monetary conditions have increased regulations and state litigation hence processing of murder crime scenes has been neglected due to strict procedural formats from the government, because of this, individuals conducting investigations have been put through work without adverse training thus limiting murder scene processes.
Sometimes murder crime experts like CSI personnel and law enforcers like the authorities, are confronted with the dilemma of consulting higher authority and regulatory bodies, before conducting murder scene investigations. Indeed, this makes them loose their independence since; the majority of the scenes are at times thronged by curious onlookers, who have little if any understanding of crime scene management (Bicheno & Elliot, 1997).
Legal inflexibility for the law enforcers have contributed to challenges which force them to check out strict crime scene processing procedures which at times are frustrating and non affordable. Investigators must make quick decisions even in fragile cases and legally this lead to negligence. Sometimes there are legal problems in situations where investigators have personal stake in case. Effectiveness of the murder scene processing is lost due to the lack of neutrality in policing and close association with court systems. Other legal issues relating to murder scenes processing include technical barriers between crime scene investigators and legal practitioners. Another issue is that, an investigator gets concrete evidence to convict a criminal and yet the court disregards it. Lack of coordination between your law enforcers and courts slow down scene processing and limit justice (Peterson, Mihajlovic & Gilliland, 1998).
Inherent Medical and HEALTH THREATS Connected with Murder Crime Scenes, Evidence and Evidence Handling and Processing.
Mostly the unintended contamination of murder scenes emerges among the major problems associated with murder scene handling and processing. Law enforcers involved with Murder scene investigation usually perform their works in scenes that are hazardous to their health insurance and health of others, which is because of coming in to contact with them. Most investigators duties entails processing of murder crime scenes and mostly they use dangerous chemicals and fingerprint powders which when accidentally ingested are life threatening. Some chemicals used are carcinogenic while others tend to cause permanent Health hazards (Eliopulos, 2003). Regardless of the use of powders and chemicals in processing crime scenes, investigators are also vunerable to whole lots of other medical problems and hazards. Biological samples like urine, saliva, semen and blood are always handled routinely and if the victims had contagious diseases like HIV, measles and other sexually transmitted infections, probability of accidents occurring and infecting them is quiet high since most them have no protective clothing's (Bodziak, 2009). When processing murder scenes, at times investigators use equipments like lasers, electro static dust lifters and other electrical appliances which you should definitely handled well can cause electric shock, harm to eyes and even death. Also most law enforcers have problems with traumatic Stresses due to grotesque scenes they see when handling cases and also due to strenuous working conditions. Generally, most murder scene investigators and law enforcers are usually overlooked and unappreciated, but they should never compromise their health (Bicheno & Elliot, 1997).
Law enforcers are served with responsibility of making our community safe. They must investigate and arrest individuals suspected of murder crimes. Proper handling of these scenes is significant in making sure that justice has been achieved. In conclusion, Personnel given mandate of handling murder crime scenes need to have necessary knowledge and skills that will enable them to obtain necessary evidence that is indispensable in solving any murder case.
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