Restorative Justice And Crime Prevention Criminology Essay

Traditional Justice in america has been an vision for an eyesight standard since this country announced its independence from England in 1776. While this idea is acceptable, because it adheres to the "Law, " it does nothing for the offender or victim beyond punishment. (Redlich, 2012) Restorative Justice is the standard of putting regulations in the trunk seat, and taking the condition of why the offender dedicated the crime, how the offender can repair his / her injustice, the victim having an suggestions in the criminals restoration and the possibility to confront the offender, with the city supporting the victim and offender overcome the crime by restoring the other person to society as in charge forgiving citizens that are effective to contemporary society. (Richards, 2009)

Traditional Justice is not successful in overcoming crime, and does not correct the injustice or harm done by the offender, nor will it really stop the offender from re-offending after the punishment has been completed. Restorative Justice is the best answer for lessening future crime, and correcting the recidivism associated with traditional justice.

Traditional Justice in the us has been steady for more than two centuries, for the reason that our region has desired to punish incorrect doers (criminals) by stiff sentences of incarceration, probation, parole, and fines. The people that are swept up in a criminal offense in the U. S. are sent to jail by the droves. After they are released from prison, or jail, this isn't the end with their situation. Often, low category offenders are put on probation, where they are simply constantly monitored by a probation officer, and in some instances if the offender has a prison sentence in a few states, he or she are positioned on Parole. That is determined on a person basis. Regrettably enough, being supervised after prison or jail, the offender is tossed back into culture with hardly any support in his / her financial lively-hood. The ex-offender is released with significantly less than $200. 00 in most state ran jail facilities. The offender may have had a home, transportation, a wife or husband, employment and other necessities for them to survive at the main point where they were delivered to jail or jail. If the ex-offender comes home into free culture (generally), he or she is with no of the requirements to survive as a law-abiding, self-supporting citizen. (Galster, 1985)

Criminal Records

Now, in 2012, when an offender is convicted or even costed with a crime, a criminal history is established as open public information that is employed to prejudice, and stigmatize the ex-offender or accused from similar opportunity work. This record is often used to deny the person of renting a home or apartment, employed in certain companies or businesses. (Relyea, 1980) "Increasingly more employers seek the criminal record record of job applicants, sometimes even before increasing the applicant an offer. Typically, employers will seek such information on occupation applications, often asking applicants to point in a check box question if they have been convicted of an felony or misdemeanor in a certain time frame. Other employers will ask this question and explore a candidate's response throughout a job interview, and most employers will ask job seekers to submit to a complete police arrest records check following a conditional offer of employment is lengthened. Employers who collect and use criminal history information have to be mindful of relevant local, condition and federal laws regarding criminal record checks (Rosen, 2011).

Recidivism

"Prison sentences are not succeeding in turning the majority of offenders away from crime. Of those prisoners released in 1997, 58 per cent were convicted of another crime within two years. Thirty-six per cent were back inside on another jail sentence. The system struggles specifically to reform more youthful offenders. 18-20-year-old male prisoners were reconvicted for a price of 72 per cent above the same period; 47 per cent received another prison word" (webarchive, 2007). These numbers don't lie. People who are released from incarceration are starting life all over again regardless of how old they are. Whenever a person is released without support from the community, family, friends, or organizations that help the ex-offender re-establish themselves as law-abiding, self-supporting citizens, in the us, the statistics says that a lot of ex-offenders will go back to prison or jail. This alone will do to identify that the traditional justice system is severely flawed in minimizing recidivism or crime.

Restorative Justice

Restorative justice or reparative justice is an method of justice that targets the needs of the victims and the offenders, as well as the city, instead of legal concepts or punishing the offender. The victims participate in the procedure, while offenders should take responsibility because of their actions. This form of justice gives the offender the greatest opportunity to repair the harm they've done which allows these to apologize to everyone harmed, and other restoration to the offender such as going back taken money, or taking part in community service is area of the rehabilitation. Restorative justice focuses on both the victim and offender by addressing and implementing solutions to their personal needs. The key preventative facet of restorative justice is the fact it offers help for the offender to avoid future offenses. It is predicated on a theory of justice that considers crime and wrongdoing to be an offense against a person or community, instead of a crime from the state. In the traditional justice system presently applied in most criminal courts, the offender versus the Express or USA comes to the tax payer under the premise of "we folks" concept. (Richards, 2009)

Restorative justice that nurtures discourse between your victim and offender shows the highest rates of victim satisfaction and offender accountability. Restorative justice is another thought process about giving an answer to crime. Restorative justice politicians and specialists view crime as injury done to people and communities, not just violation of regulations. They seek to put things right by addressing the harm to victims, the city and by addressing the causes of crime. There are various types of restorative justice. (Solgps. alberta. ca 2012)

Restorative Justice Models

The three most usual models are Family group (or community) conferencing, Circles (sentencing circles, healing circles, or peace circles), and Victim-offender conferences where most models incorporate some form of face between the victim and offender. (Solgps. alberta. ca 2012) The rule of restorative justice begins with knowing that crime is injury. Crime hurts specific victims, neighborhoods, and offenders which creates an responsibility to make things right by everyone. All parties should be a part of the respond to the crime, like the victim if he or she wishes, the city, and the offender. The victim's point of view is central to deciding how to correct the harm induced by the crime. Accountability for the offender means accepting responsibility and operating to correct the damage done. The city is responsible for the well-being of all its users, including both victim and offender. All human beings have dignity and worth.

Restoration in Restorative Justice is mending the harm and rebuilding interactions locally. The results are measured by how much repair was completed with the offender, victim and community, alternatively than by how much punishment was inflicted on the offender. The goal of restoring the offender, in the community is key to the success of Restorative Justice. Crime control cannot be achieved without active involvement of the city. When working with all offenders, the justice process is respectful old, abilities, erotic orientation, family status, and diverse cultures and backgrounds. Making use of the restorative justice model offers full recognition of everybody involved, regardless of racial, ethnic, geographic, spiritual, monetary, or other common prejudices associated in the original justice we now have ensuring that many people are given equal security and credited process. (ojjdp. gov, 2012)

Restorative Justice and Recidivism

"Among the most crucial outcome variables for any form of criminal justice intervention is recidivism. The overall mean result size for the 32 checks that examined the potency of restorative justice programming in reducing offender recidivism was +. 07 (SD =. 13) with a 95% CI of +. 12 to +. 02. Although the effect sizes ranged from +. 38 to -. 23, more than two thirds of the result sizes were positive (72%). Quite simply, restorative justice programs, normally, yielded reductions in recidivism in comparison to non-restorative methods to criminal behavior. Actually, set alongside the comparison and/or control communities who did not participate in a restorative justice program, offenders in the procedure groups were significantly more successful during the follow-up cycles, t(31) = 2. 88, p <. 01" (Latimer, 2012).

Benefits of Restorative Justice

A advantage to the city for restorative justice is the possibility to be interactive with the victims and the offenders beyond the original justice system. The community can identify the problems within their surroundings and recognize the issues before crime occurs. Potential offenders can be recognized and brought into the system early on to rehabilitate them and present them an excellent of life experience that hopefully decreases the city threats of crime.

In addition, as our world has identified the disparate treatment of occupations for ex-offenders, "nearly all state regulations prohibit employers from considering a job applicant's arrest that didn't lead to a conviction. In addition, the EEOC calls for the positioning that because the utilization of arrest records as a complete bar to occupation has a disparate impact on some protected groupings; such records together can't be used to exclude candidates from job and has even vanished as far as stating that a pre-employment inquiry may violate Subject VII. The EEOC has consistently invalidated employment policies made up of a blanket exclusion of those individuals with arrest documents. Thus, employers should avoid asking job people any questions designed to elicit information regarding prior arrests that didn't lead to convictions and really should remove such questions from occupation applications (Rosen, 2012).

Benefits of the victim are true concern for their mental, physical, and recovery needs. Traditional court has very little if any matter for the victim beyond using them to testify against the offender to gain a conviction. Restoration of the victim is nearly meaningless to the traditional courts. The victim is given the possibility to reconcile with the offender, and become at peace with themselves and the offender, or they can opt out to retain the eyes for an eyeball perception about justice. By confronting the offender, the victim can understand why the offender devoted the crime, and they're left with popularity or denial of what has occurred. This is true closure. (The word: "Closure" is often used in a criminal proceeding by the prosecutor or defense attorney which means: "A feeling of finality or quality, especially following a traumatic experience" (http://www. thefreedictionary. com/closure, 2012). Without rebuilding the victim, the offender, and reintegrating the ex-offender after jail with his persona being restored and the victim having the opportunity to put to relax the injury the offender caused, with a culture that wishes to forgive, closure can be an illusion for everybody.

The benefits of the offender is to allow them the possibility to make clear why the offense was devoted, and know very well what they're expected of from the community and victim. The offender can be restored with the possibility to change lives in contemporary society and their personal. When you are confronted in this forum, the offender can be honest within themselves and face the real whole real truth and nothing but the truth.

Conclusion

In this paper, we have found that Traditional Justice does not restore the victim, the community, and the offender. Traditional justice cost tax payers extensively with little respect to making amends by the offender to the offended or the citizens the offender was an integral part of before the crime took place. Identifying criminal carry out, getting the offender into a courtroom of rules, convicting the offender, sending the offender to jail or prison and releasing them back into free world without money, employment, a home, a vehicle, and a chance to work or re-establish a beneficial life with the original justice system is appalling.

Certainly, we as a people must refuse to accept crime, however when considering the great things about traditional justice versus restorative justice, it is very easy to see that restorative justice is the response to recidivism, responsibility, justice, and reduction of cost to reduce criminal do. By determining the accused, getting the offender to the data of the reality in what offense has been dedicated, confronting the accused with the victim, and allowing society to interact by providing the victim and offender with productive reconciliation is how exactly we as the best nation on the planet will ever conquer the evil with good. Regardless of whether the offender's legal conduct was related to alcohol and drugs, as more that seventy-percent of all crimes are a result of drugs and alcohol, the offender, victim, and modern culture deserve a solution to crime, not a band-aid that only puts the prisoner in jail or jail, and puts a larger threat on world once he or she is released after the sentence under the traditional justice system.

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